For courses in Construction Management/Estimating in departments of Construction Engineering and Construction Technology. This text thoughtfully discusses the overall process of estimating construction costs, with particular emphasis on the preparation of a stipulated sum bid by a general contractor. It covers all the normal bid-preparation activities selection and strategy, drawings and specifications, bid-submission and a review, and recommends and outlines practices and methods to handle these functions.
This comprehensive resource offers thorough instruction on the principles of construction estimating and helps readers develop the skills they need to become professional estimators. FUNDAMENTALS OF CONSTRUCTION ESTIMATING, Fourth Edition, presents estimating procedures in a straightforward and engaging way, clearly explaining key processes of estimating and costing construction work such as quantity takeoff; pricing of contractor work, sub-trade work, and site overhead; and compiling bid documents. In addition, the text includes drawings of two major projects--one residential and one commercial--to guide readers through a complete estimating process that can be followed by various trades on many different types of construction projects. Important Notice: Media content referenced within the product description or the product text may not be available in the ebook version.
Everything you need to know to accurately estimate materials and labor for residential and commercial electrical construction. Written by an A.S.P.E. National Estimator of the Year, it teaches you how to use labor units, the plan take-off, and the bid summary to make an accurate estimate, how to deal with suppliers, use pricing sheets, and modify labor units. Provides extensive labor unit tables and blank forms for your next electrical job.
This code of practice, long established as a leading publication for the construction industry, provides an authoritative guide to essential principles and good practice in estimating for construction work. The eighth edition has been completely rewritten to include much more educational and contextual material as well as the code of practice.
The purpose of this manual is to enable students to gain fundamental knowledge of estimating the cost of building construction projects. The procedures used for estimating vary form company to company. On the other hand, the construction industry has become, over the years, more competitive which has made construction companies to do their best in order to offer the best possible service at the least price. To overcome this constraint, it is necessary to know precisely the cost of services. And it would be the role of an Estimator. Unfortunately, there are no specific rules, as it accounts, for obtaining a good estimate, even among individuals within a company. Because of contracting method currently employed (like fast track or PPP) construction companies need precision in their estimates; in addition, as estimators are increasingly consulted at conceptual design stage, we will talk about conceptual estimate in chapter one and then focus on detailed estimations and its process in upcoming chapters.We all know that a good estimator needs to have a good knowledge about construction techniques and factors that influence the realization of a project. We also know that an individual who possesses a high level of experience in his/her field but also could be a poor estimator in the absence of reliable method. So, in this manual we will focus more on estimations' method rather than techniques of construction.A detailed estimate ( Bid Estimate ) can be analyzed in terms of the SIX principal stages of the process:1.Quantity Takeof2.Recap Quantities3.Pricing the Recap4.Pricing Subcontractor's work5.Pricing General Expenses6.Summary and BidTo decode these six steps into an effective and accurate estimation method, the manual is divided into three modules. Each module is divided into chapters. The first module addresses the preparation of an estimate for construction and describes the entire submission process. The second module deals with the methods of measurement of the constructive systems then, in the third module, establish the prices of the elements, the expenses of the general conditions and finally, close the submission.
Industrial Construction Estimating Manual focuses on industrial process plants and enables the contractor, subcontractor, and engineer to use methods, models, procedures, formats, and technical data for developing industrial process plant construction estimates. The manual begins with an introduction devoted to labor, data collection, verification of data, coding, productivity measurement, the unit quantity model, and computer-aided cost estimating. It goes on to provide information on construction materials, database systems, work estimating, computer-aided estimating, detailed labor estimates, bid assurance, and detailed applications to construction. Practical examples based on historical data collected from past installations are also included as well as a detailed glossary, Excel and mathematical formulas, metric/standard conversions, area and volume formulas, and boiler man-hour tables. Industrial Construction Estimating Manual aids contractors, subcontractors, and engineers with a balance-detailed estimating method using the unit quantity model and is an excellent resource for those involved in engineering, technology, and construction estimating. Provides a detailed estimating method using the unit-quantity model to prepare construction estimates Delivers information on construction materials, databases, labor estimates, computer-aided estimating, bid assurance, and applications to construction. Utilizes historical data, from a database of previous similar work, calculates material cost and labor by category, and produces both summary and detailed man-hour and cost estimates.
Companies live or die on the basis of estimating their costs. Preparing estimates and bidding for new jobs is a complex and often costly process. There is no substitute for on the job training -- until now. Drawing on the authors' combined experience of more than 70 years, Estimating Building Costs presents state-of-the-art principles, practices, and techniques for assessing these expenditures that can be applied regardless of changes in the costs of materials, equipment, and labor. The book is an efficient and practical tool for developing contracts or controlling project costs. The authors cover the major components of the direct cost: estimating procedures and cost trends related to materials, construction equipment, and skilled and unskilled labor. They describe various types of building estimates encountered during the lifecycle of a project, as well as the role and accuracy of each. The book provides an overview of the industry, cost indexes in use, approaches to preparing a detailed estimate, and an in-depth description of the organization and function of the estimating group. Including CSI Master Format and UniFormat codes, estimating forms, a list of available estimating software packages, a detailed construction site and investigation report, the book provides a cost estimating methodology that readers can tailor to their own organizational needs.