Fire Behavior and Fire Protection in Timber Buildings

Fire Behavior and Fire Protection in Timber Buildings

Author: Roza Aseeva

Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media

ISBN: 9789400774605

Category: Nature

Page: 290

View: 361

This volume describes fire behavior and fire protection of timbers in outdoors and indoors application mainly in construction industry. The Authors’ novel approach considers the relationship between various species and age of timbers and its fire behavior at different thermal and fire loads. Quantitative data of ignition speed and flame propagation as well as generation of heat, smoke and toxic products are discussed. Analysis of fire resistance of various types of building materials based on timber of different species as well as the novel data on the effect of natural and accelerated aging of timbers on its fire behavior are discussed. The main practical methods of fire protection of new and ancient timber buildings and structures to increase its fire resistance are considered. The book should be useful for a wide range of readers: chemists, physicists, material scientists, architects, engineers, constructors and restorers.

Fire Safe Use of Wood in Buildings

Fire Safe Use of Wood in Buildings

Author: Andrew Buchanan

Publisher: CRC Press

ISBN: 9781000683578

Category: Technology & Engineering

Page: 487

View: 854

This book provides guidance on the design of timber buildings for fire safety, developed within the global network Fire Safe Use of Wood (FSUW) and with reference to Eurocode 5 and other international codes. It introduces the behaviour of fires in timber buildings and describes strategies for providing safety if unwanted fires occur. It provides guidance on building design to prevent any fires from spreading while maintaining the load-bearing capacity of structural timber elements, connections and compartmentation. Also included is information on the reaction-to-fire of wood products according to different classification systems, as well as active measures of fire protection, and quality of workmanship and inspection as means of fulfilling fire safety objectives. Presents global guidance on fire safety in timber buildings Provides a wide perspective, covering the whole field of fire safety design Uses the latest scientific knowledge, based on recent analytical and experimental research results Gives practical examples illustrating the importance of good detailing in building design Fire Safe Use of Wood in Buildings is ideal for all involved in the fire safety of buildings, including architects, engineers, firefighters, educators, regulatory authorities, insurance companies and professionals in the building industry.

Wood & Fire Safety

Wood & Fire Safety

Author: Linda Makovicka Osvaldova

Publisher: Springer Nature

ISBN: 9783030412357

Category: Technology & Engineering

Page: 480

View: 592

This proceedings volume presents new scientific works of the research workers and experts from the field of Wood Science & Fire. It looks into the properties of various tree species across the continents affecting the fire-technical properties of wood and wood-based materials, its modifications, fire-retardant methods and other technological processes that have an impact on wood ignition and burning. The results of these findings have a direct impact on Building Construction and Design describing the fire safety of wooden buildings, mainly large and multi-story ones. The results of these experiments and findings may be applied, or are directly implemented into Fire Science, Hazard Control, Building Safety which makes the application of wood and wood materials in buildings possible, while maintaining strict fire regulations. One part of the contributions focuses on the symbiosis of the material and the fire-fighting technologies. Wood burning has its own specific features, therefore, the fire protection technologies need to be updated regularly. It also includes the issue of the intervention of fire-fighting and rescue teams in the fires of wooden buildings. Presentations deal with the issue of forest fires influenced by the climate changes, relief, fuel models based on the type and the age of the forest stand.

Bio-based Building Skin

Bio-based Building Skin

Author: Anna Sandak

Publisher: Springer

ISBN: 9789811337475

Category: Technology & Engineering

Page: 183

View: 801

This book provides a compendium of material properties, demonstrates several successful examples of bio-based materials’ application in building facades, and offers ideas for new designs and novel solutions. It features a state-of-the-art review, addresses the latest trends in material selection, assembling systems, and innovative functions of facades in detail. Selected case studies on buildings from diverse locations are subsequently presented to demonstrate the successful implementation of various biomaterial solutions, which defines unique architectural styles and building functions. The structures, morphologies and aesthetic impressions related to bio-based building facades are discussed from the perspective of art and innovation; essential factors influencing the performance of materials with respect to functionality and safety are also presented. Special emphasis is placed on assessing the performance of a given facade throughout the service life of a building, and after its end. The book not only provides an excellent source of technical and scientific information, but also contributes to public awareness by demonstrating the benefits to be gained from the proper use of bio-based materials in facades. As such, it will appeal to a broad audience including architects, engineers, designers and building contractors.

Solid Wood

Solid Wood

Author: Joseph Mayo

Publisher: Routledge

ISBN: 9781317587491

Category: Architecture

Page: 358

View: 894

Over the past 10-15 years a renaissance in wood architecture has occurred with the development of new wood building systems and design strategies, elevating wood from a predominantly single-family residential idiom to a rival of concrete and steel construction for a variety of building types, including high rises. This new solid wood architecture offers unparalleled environmental as well as construction and aesthetic benefits, and is of growing importance for professionals and academics involved in green design. Solid Wood provides the first detailed book which allows readers to understand new mass timber/massive wood architecture. It provides: historical context in wood architecture from around the world a strong environmental rationale for the use of wood in buildings recent developments in contemporary fire safety and structural issues insights into building code challenges detailed case studies of new large-scale wood building systems on a country-by-country basis. Case studies from the UK, Norway, Sweden, Germany, Austria, Italy, Canada, the United States, New Zealand and Australia highlight design strategies, construction details and unique cultural attitudes in wood design. The case studies include the most ambitious academic, hospitality, industrial, multi-family, and wood office buildings in the world. With discussions from leading architectural, engineering, and material manufacturing firms in Europe, North America and the South Pacific, Solid Wood disrupts preconceived notions and serves as an indispensable guide to twenty-first century wood architecture and its environmental and cultural benefits.

Fire Department Incident Safety Officer

Fire Department Incident Safety Officer

Author: Dodson

Publisher: Jones & Bartlett Publishers

ISBN: 9781284041958

Category: Medical

Page: 384

View: 571

The third edition of Fire Department Incident Safety Officer has been thoroughly updated to cover the latest trends, information, and best-practices needed by current and aspiring Incident Safety Officers (ISO’s). Developed in partnership with the Fire Department Safety Officer’s Association and based on the 2015 Edition of NFPA 1521, Standard for Fire Department Safety Officer Professional Qualifications, this authoritative resource focuses uniquely on the roles, responsibilities, and duties for fire service officers assigned to the incident command staff position of safety officer. From smoke reading to alternative energy sources to green construction buildings, Fire Department Incident Safety Officer, Third Edition is loaded with up-to-date information needed to keep fire department members safe, including: A new chapter dedicated to the Incident Safety Officer at Training Drills and Special Events Entire chapters devoted to important topics like reading smoke, reading buildings,

Model Fire in a Two-Storey Timber Building

Model Fire in a Two-Storey Timber Building

Author: Jozef Štefko

Publisher: Springer Nature

ISBN: 9783030822057

Category: Technology & Engineering

Page: 82

View: 902

This book addresses the performance of a multi-storey timber building subjected to a model fire that represents a real, potentially devastating internal fire. Readers will learn about factors concerning fire hazards in buildings; the mechanisms of how fires start and spread; and the degrading impact of fire on wood and wood-based materials, especially their mechanical properties. The book also discusses the fire resistance of timber buildings and the design principles for fire safety, summarised in Eurocodes. In turn, a fire test on a full-size wooden structure demonstrates the principles discussed. The test makes up an essential part of the book, as to its individual steps: the development, planning, execution and subsequent assessment. This is complemented by detailed temperature monitoring at hundreds of individual spots and the reaction of the wood constructions, illustrated in extensive photo documentation. The temperature and fire development presented there show the fire's initial mechanism and its further behaviour in a wood construction. The test proved the feasibility of fire protection and safe design of timber buildings, offering insights that can be generally applied in research, material and construction development. Accordingly, the book will be especially useful for architects, building and fire engineers, as well as researchers dealing with the fire performance of timber buildings.

White Paper on Fire Resistance of Timber Structures

White Paper on Fire Resistance of Timber Structures

Author: Andrew Buchanan

Publisher:

ISBN: OCLC:967662125

Category: Fire testing

Page: 31

View: 208

Fire resistance of timber structures is a very large field. In order to keep this document relatively small, the scope of is limited as follows: This report attempts to define a Performance-Based framework for the fire safety design of multi-story timber buildings. The report concentrates on medium-rise multi-story timber buildings from 3 stories to 10 stories tall, which are likely to be most popular and technical feasible. Taller buildings are discussed briefly. The report concentrates on mass timber buildings, constructed from large timber posts and beams (from LVL or glulam) and large wood panel construction using cross-laminated timber (CLT) or other heavy timber panels. Light wood frame buildings protected with gypsum plasterboard (2 by 4 construction) have been covered elsewhere and are not considered to be feasible for building above about 6 stories. The report concentrates on the fire resistance of structural elements and assemblies, and does not include early fire safety issues such as ignition and flame-spread on wood surfaces. It does not address broader fire safety issues such as fire safety systems, fire fighting, or evacuation. External fire spread via building facades and windows is partly included, since wooden fa ade claddings are considered by many architects to be an essential feature of timber buildings, at least up to 8-10 stories. Automatic fire sprinkler systems are discussed briefly, since the combination of active and passive fire protection is considered to be an important way to provide fire safety for tall timber buildings. Fire resistance of timber connections is included briefly, including both mechanical fasteners and glued connections. The influence of adhesives on the fire behaviour of bonded structural timber elements is discussed briefly.

Structural Design for Fire Safety

Structural Design for Fire Safety

Author: Andrew H. Buchanan

Publisher: John Wiley & Sons

ISBN: 9780470972892

Category: Technology & Engineering

Page: 438

View: 442

Structural Design for Fire Safety, 2nd edition Andrew H. Buchanan, University of Canterbury, New Zealand Anthony K. Abu, University of Canterbury, New Zealand A practical and informative guide to structural fire engineering This book presents a comprehensive overview of structural fire engineering. An update on the first edition, the book describes new developments in the past ten years, including advanced calculation methods and computer programs. Further additions include: calculation methods for membrane action in floor slabs exposed to fires; a chapter on composite steel-concrete construction; and case studies of structural collapses. The book begins with an introduction to fire safety in buildings, from fire growth and development to the devastating effects of severe fires on large building structures. Methods of calculating fire severity and fire resistance are then described in detail, together with both simple and advanced methods for assessing and designing for structural fire safety in buildings constructed from structural steel, reinforced concrete, or structural timber. Structural Design for Fire Safety, 2nd edition bridges the information gap between fire safety engineers, structural engineers and building officials, and it will be useful for many others including architects, code writers, building designers, and firefighters. Key features: • Updated references to current research, as well as new end-of-chapter questions and worked examples. •Authors experienced in teaching, researching, and applying structural fire engineering in real buildings. • A focus on basic principles rather than specific building code requirements, for an international audience. An essential guide for structural engineers who wish to improve their understanding of buildings exposed to severe fires and an ideal textbook for introductory or advanced courses in structural fire engineering.

Systems in Timber Engineering

Systems in Timber Engineering

Author: Josef Kolb

Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media

ISBN: 9783764386894

Category: Architecture

Page: 319

View: 944

An indispensable standard work for everyone involved in building with wood. This work uses plans, schematic drawings, and pictures to show the current and forward-looking state of the technology as applied in Switzerland, a leading country in the field of timber construction.

Timber Construction Manual

Timber Construction Manual

Author: Thomas Herzog

Publisher: Walter de Gruyter

ISBN: 9783034614634

Category: Architecture

Page: 375

View: 420

Das Nachschlagewerk zur Konstruktion mit Holz und Holzwerkstoffen mit einem ausführlichen Kapitel zum Thema Ökologie, bauphysikalischen Grundlagen mit den Schwerpunkten Wärme-, Schall- und Brandschutz. Im Bereich der Tragwerksplanung spielen die neuen Verbindungsmittel eine wichtige Rolle.

Structural Fire Design

Structural Fire Design

Author: Erwin L. Schaffer

Publisher:

ISBN: MINN:31951D02988934F

Category: Building, Wooden

Page: 17

View: 703

Analytical procedures to predict the fire endurance of structural wood members have been developed worldwide. This research is reviewed for capability to predict the results of tests in North America and what considerations are necessary to apply the information here. Critical research needs suggested include: (1) Investigation of load levels used in reported tests, and parameters in analyses, for application to North American practice; (2) the effect of lumber grade on wood property response at elevated temperature; and (3) further effort in reliability-based design procedures so that the safety of fire-exposed members and assemblies may be determined.