History is a subject which never stands still. It is always changing its philosophies, its contours, its leading questions, its politics, its conceptual status and its methodologies. This bibliographical guide to the study of history is wide-ranging in scope extending from the ancient world to the 20th century. It deliberately concentrates on modern historians' views, provides a substantial section on the philosophy of history, charts controversies and highlights the continual evolution and diversification of history. The material is logically organized in major areas and subsections, and cross-references are given where appropriate. An index of authors, editors and compilers is also provided.
Laudan constructs a fresh approach to a longtime problem for the philosopher of science: how to explain the simultaneous and widespread presence of both agreement and disagreement in science. Laudan critiques the logical empiricists and the post-positivists as he stresses the need for centrality and values and the interdependence of values, methods, and facts as prerequisites to solving the problems of consensus and dissent in science.
Noch vor wenigen Jahrzehnten galten Märkte als Institutionen, mit denen sich Probleme in nahezu allen gesellschaftlichen Bereichen effizient und zum Vorteil aller Bürgerinnen und Bürger lösen lassen. Diese Einschätzung ist inzwischen einer anderen gewichen: Seit dem Ausbruch der Weltwirtschaftskrise im Jahre 2008 werden Märkte zunehmend als Institutionen wahrgenommen, die gesellschaftliche Probleme nicht lösen und soziale Missstände erzeugen. Es ist deshalb keine Überraschung, dass Fragen des Marktes von Philosophinnen und Philosophen wieder verstärkt aufgegriffen und diskutiert werden. Dieses Buch möchte zur Klärung, Erörterung und Beantwortung der begrifflichen, sozialtheoretischen, moralpsychologischen und ethischen Fragen, mit denen uns die globalen Märkte gegenwärtig konfrontieren, beitragen und zugleich neues Licht auf die Theorien klassischer Vertreter der Philosophie des Marktes (wie Adam Smith, Georg Wilhelm Friedrich Hegel, Karl Marx oder John Stuart Mill) werfen. Ihm liegt die Erwartung zugrunde, dass diese Theorien für die heutige Politische Philosophie und Sozialphilosophie auch systematisch bereichernd sind.
Publisher: McGraw-Hill Humanities, Social Sciences & World Languages
Valentina needs to sail the oceans to gather all royalty in the world... in less than two weeks time with a prince she has never seen before, and his pet has gone missing, too. Soon O'Neal sees shadows in the trees. Then Prince Bradley goes missing altogether! And then the concophs attack. Join half-elven Valentina, Princess Rose, Prince Bradley, and Valentina's wacky cat familiar, O'Neal, in the first book in their series.
K. Kuypers: HUMAN SCIENCES AND THE PROBLEM OF VALUES 1 H. G. Gadamer: DAS ONTOLOGISCHE PROBLEM DES WERTES 17 Manfred Moritz: AXIOLOGY AND ANALYSIS 33 Ch. Perelman: LA JUSTIFICATION DES NORMES 47 Max Black: THE "FACTUAL" AND THE "NORMATIVE" 55 P. Lorenzen: ON JUSTIFYING NORMS 65 Richard McKeon: FACTS, VALUES AND ACTIONS 73 N. Rotenstreich: "FREEDOM FROM VALUES" EXAMINED 87 PREFACE In accordance with a suggestion made in the preceding assembly of the Institute in Helsinki (1970), as theme of the Entretiens in Amsterdam was chosen: Human sciences and the problem of values. As usual the organization of the Entretiens was committed to a local committee in close collaboration with the office of the Institute in Paris. The confer ence was held from 8 till II September 1971 in the so called Trippenhuis (house where lived the family Trip in the 17th and 18th century), seat of the Royal Netherlands Academy of Sciences and Letters. The sessions were attended by about 70 people, not only members but also some invited colleagues and assistants representing the philosophers in the Dutch universities. The papers were multiplied and distributed to the participants some time before the beginning of the conference. By so doing each speaker (rapporteur) could restrict himself to a short summary of the main points of his paper or a short comment as introduction, immediately followed by a general discussion.
This book is a systematic and comprehensive treatment of issues involved in philosophical historiography. It deals with such topics as the relation of philosophy to its history, the role of value judgments in historical accounts, the value of the history of philosophy for philosophy, the nature and role of texts and their interpretation in the history of philosophy, historiographical method, and the stages of development of philosophical progress. The book defends two main theses. The first is that the history of philosophy must be done philosophically, that is, it must include philosophical judgments. The second is that one way to bring a rapprochement between Anglo-American and Continental philosophy is through the study of the history of philosophy and its historiography. An extensive bibliography of pertinent materials and detailed indexes close the book.
It is the 5th issue of the international scientific journal "European Scientific e-Journal" (Czech Republic). There are five scientific articles of the scientists and researchers from Ukraine, Russia, and Kazakhstan on actual historical problems of the civilization. The articles are written in English, Russian, and Ukrainian languages.
Over ten years in preparation, A Pragmatist Philosophy of Life in Ortega y Gasset reveals how open, adaptable, and inventive was pragmatism as Ortega elaborated its philosophical implications and applications for Spain, Europe, and the Americas. It is based on extensive use of the twelve volumes of Ortega's Obras Completas, the eighty microfilm reels of his archive in the Library of Congress, and his large private library in Madrid.
Philosophy written in English is overwhelmingly analytic philosophy, and the techniques and predilections of analytic philosophy are not only unhistorical but anti-historical, and hostile to textual commentary. Analytic usually aspires to a very high degree of clarity and precision of formulation and argument, and it often seeks to be informed by, and consistent with, current natural science. In an earlier era, analytic philosophy aimed at agreement with ordinary linguistic intuitions or common sense beliefs, or both. All of these aspects of the subject sit uneasily with the use of historical texts for philosophical illumination. How, then, can substantial history of philosophy find a place in analytic philosophy? If history of philosophy includes the respectful, intelligent use of writings from the past to address problems that are being debated in the current philosophical journals, then history of philosophy may well belong to analytic philosophy. But if history of philosophy is more than this; if it is concerned with interpreting and reinterpreting a certain canon, or perhaps making a case for extending this canon, its connection with analytic philosophy is less clear. More obscure still is the connection between analytic philosophy and a kind of history of philosophy that is unapologetically antiquarian. This is the kind of history of philosophy that emphasises the status of a philosophical text as one document among others from a faraway intellectual world, and that tries to acquaint us with that world in order to produce understanding of the document. In this book, ten distinguished historians of philosophy, mostly trained in the analytic tradition, explore the tensions between, and the possibilities of reconciling, analytic philosophy and history of philosophy.