Reporting African Elections

Reporting African Elections

Author: Joseph Adebayo

Publisher: Routledge

ISBN: 9780429764417

Category: Political Science

Page: 118

View: 854

The ability to be divided along ethnic and religious lines is inherent to much of Africa’s media. Such potentially divisive reporting has the ability to incite violence through prejudiced information, particularly during election processes. Reporting African Elections examines the impact of media messages on society, focusing on these electoral processes in Africa. Drawing upon the Peace Journalism approach to political reporting, this book offers a unifying conceptual framework for analysing the role journalists play in ensuring peaceful elections. Joseph Adebayo also looks at the impact training can have on election reportage, studying recent elections in Kenya and Nigeria in order to present a 17-point plan for reporting elections in Africa. Reporting African Elections will be of interest to scholars and students of journalism, peace and conflict studies, and politics.

Online Reporting of Elections

Online Reporting of Elections

Author: Einar Thorsen

Publisher: Routledge

ISBN: 9781317850007

Category: Social Science

Page: 138

View: 333

This book contributes to debates concerning online reporting of elections and the challenges facing journalism in the context of democratic change. The speed of technological adaptation by journalists and their audiences means online news is gradually becoming a normalised part of media landscapes across the world. Journalists monitor social media for insight into the political process and as an instant indication of "public sentiment", rather than waiting for press releases and opinion polls. Citizens are actively participating in online political reporting too, through publishing eyewitness accounts, political commentary, crowd-sourcing and fact-checking information (of political manifestos and media reports alike). It is therefore growing increasingly important to understand how political journalism is evolving through new communicative forms and practices, in order to critique its epistemological role and function in democratic societies, and examine how these interventions influence daily online political reporting across different national contexts. This volume covers comparative, research-based studies across a range of national contexts and electoral systems, including Australia, ten African countries, the European Union, Greece, the Netherlands, India, Iran, Sweden, the UK and the USA. This book was originally published as a special issue of Journalism Practice.

Elections and TV News in South Africa

Elections and TV News in South Africa

Author: Bernadine Jones

Publisher: Springer Nature

ISBN: 9783030717926

Category: Language Arts & Disciplines

Page: 265

View: 261

This book takes television news seriously. Over the course of nine chapters, Elections and TV News in South Africa shows how six democratic South African general elections, 1994–2019, were represented on both local and international news broadcasts. It reveals the shifting narratives about South African democracy, coupled with changing and challenging political journalism practices. The book is organised in three parts: the first contains a history of South African democracy and an overview of the South African media environment. The second part is a visual analysis of the South African elections on television news, exploring portrayals of violence, security, power, and populism, and how these fit into normative news values and the ruling party’s tightening grip on the media. The final part is a conclusion, a call to action, and a suggestion to improve political journalistic practice.

Elections, Violence and Transitional Justice in Africa

Elections, Violence and Transitional Justice in Africa

Author: Elias O. Opongo

Publisher: Routledge

ISBN: 9781000593051

Category: Political Science

Page: 202

View: 440

Elections in Africa are competitive in nature and can be manipulated by incumbents to extend and entrench their rule through changes to constitutions, intimidation of opponents, excess use of police force and, in some cases, assassinations of dissident voices. Ethnic cleavages are also exploited by contestants to incite and mobilize unsuspecting masses to pursue their electoral ambitions which can lead to political instability. In many African countries, violence before, during and after elections has become a regrettable norm rather than the exception. The function of transitional justice is to address the legacy of human rights atrocities, political violence and societal harm resulting from prior misrule or violent conflicts, with a view to establishing fair, democratic and inclusive societies. This book interrogates the potential intersection between transitional justice and electoral processes. Specifically, it examines the hypothesis that transitional justice interventions that strive to address historical injustices perpetrated by violence, conflict and entrenched by socio-political impunity, can initiate preventive measures against electoral violence through redress, accountability and institutional reforms. The contributors to this volume have engaged with country case studies from across Africa, while examining the intersection between transitional justice and electoral processes. Hence, this is a timely volume that highlights the uninterrogated nexus between elections, violence and transitional justice in Africa.

Close Elections and Political Succession in the African Union

Close Elections and Political Succession in the African Union

Author: Carl W. Dundas

Publisher: Author House

ISBN: 9781467889711

Category: Political Science

Page: 348

View: 552

This book is about the problems encountered frequently in the Member States of the African Union with the impact of close elections on political succession at the political party leadership level and at the level of head of state and government. Evidence can be seen with respect to the national elections and their aftermath in 2007 & 08 and in Zimbabwe elections of 2008.The book analyses the reasons why close elections have had negative impact on some States of the Union and not others. A contrast in this regard was made in the book between close elections in Ghana (2008-09) and Zambia (2008) where close elections did not trigger violence with Kenya (2007) which experienced serious post-election violence and Zimbabwe (2008) which witnessed widespread pre-polling intimidation and violence. The book also looks at the incidence of unconstitutional change of government and its impact on political succession. It also considers the impact of close elections on illegal political succession and on failed States in the African Union.

Election Observation and Democratization in Africa

Election Observation and Democratization in Africa

Author: NA NA

Publisher: Springer

ISBN: 9781349623280

Category: Science

Page: 324

View: 889

This book offers an authoritative study of election observation in Africa and its relation with democratization processes. Election observation is a hotly debated issue in contemporary international relations and in political science. It is seen by donor- countries and the international community as a means to enhance democratization, but has been controversial with regard to the `mandates' of the observers, the cases of its misappropriation by authoritarian governments and its masking of other donor-country interests. The book addresses fundamental issues of elections and democrat-ization in Africa, evaluation policies and implementation, as well as the historical backgrounds. A range of case studies leads to new interpretations, which challenge previous empiricist accounts of election observation in Africa. Greater attention to historical and cultural context is required than has been present in previous, somewhat prescriptive accounts. An interdisciplinary approach gives fair coverage of the historical, political and cultural issues involved in elections and election observation in Africa. Key examples of the interface between election observation and democratization processes in various important countries in Africa are presented, linking an analysis of policies and practice. The book contributes to topical debates on the dilemmas and challenges of 'good governance' and on the varieties of democracy as a global phenomenon.

State of the World's Volunteerism Report 2015

State of the World's Volunteerism Report 2015

Author: United Nations Volunteers

Publisher: United Nations

ISBN: 9789210582827

Category: Political Science

Page: 132

View: 831

In most societies, millions of people make significant contributions to economic and social development through voluntary action. This report supports a better understanding of volunteerism by exhibiting its universality, scope and reach, and by highlighting new trends in the 21st century. It examines the important contributions in diverse fields such as enhanced livelihoods, social inclusion, social cohesion, disaster risk reduction, governance and political participation. This publication also provides an alternative vision towards a better society. It is expected to lead to enhanced recognition, facilitation, networking and promotion of volunteerism worldwide and to an increased recognition of United Nations Volunteers' critical role in peace and development as well as in norm-setting in the United Nations System.

African Governance Report I, 2005

African Governance Report I, 2005

Author: United Nations Economic Commission for Africa

Publisher: United Nations

ISBN: 9789211555622

Category: Political Science

Page: 286

View: 390

The African Governance Report is the result of extensive research covering governance practices in 27 African countries. The findings were subjected to a rigorous process of reviews that involved both national and international experts working on governance, political and economic issues. The report is the first Africa-driven study of its kind, which aimed at gauging more empirically citizens’ perceptions of the state of governance in their countries, while identifying major capacity deficits in governance practices and institutions and recommending best practices and solutions to address them.