Most South Asian countries—following independence from British rule in the late nineteen forties, and in the case of Nepal, liberation from the autocracy of one family group in 1950—have enjoyed democratic systems of governance at least at some time or the other, often for extended periods of time, and, in a few cases, over the course of their post-independence history. Electoral processes have, however, been found wanting to greater or lesser extents in all these countries. Electoral malpractices are of critical concern to all South Asian countries. It is in this background that the International Centre for Ethnic Studies, Kandy,Sri Lanka, with funding from the Ford Foundation, organized in 2002, an international conference on electoral processes and governance in South Asia. The South Asian countries selected for study were Bangladesh, India, Nepal, Pakistan and Sri Lanka, and papers were presented by experts in the area of electoral processes and governance in these countries. This book, based on the papers originally presented at that conference, seeks to understand electoral processes as they actually operate in South Asia, to discuss the reasons for the flaws in these systems and the degrees of success or failure in attempts at reform.
This title was first published in 2001. Rigging elections in favour of those in power has become a common practice in Bangladesh. Muhammad Yeahia Akhter focuses on the significance of elections in this ostensibly democratic state and portrays how electoral corruption has damaged the process of democratic consolidation. The author reveals the failure of both civilian and military governments to obtain democratic legitimacy and/or credibility through free and fair elections. The study examines the relatively democratic, but largely non-transparent nature of electioneering under non-partisan caretaker governments. The study provides a source of understanding of fair electoral process for the politicians and electoral officials in Bangladesh and other democratizing polities. It provides valuable information to the policy makers and practitioners in order to reform the electoral process in Bangladesh and in other similar countries.
The fourth edition of the Historical Dictionary of Bangladesh greatly expands on the previous edition through a chronology, an introductory essay, a bibliography, and over 700 cross-referenced dictionary entries on important people, places, events, and institutions, as well as significant political, economic, social, and cultural aspects.
This edition of the "Yearbook on Human Rights in Developing Countries" focuses on government policy with regard to the relationship between human rights and development in Austria, Denmark, the Netherlands and Norway. These thematic studies make a contribution to the discussion on the role of human rights in development policy in what are termed like-minded countries. The "Yearbook" also contains eight country reports which assess human rights trends in countries in the South, covering civil and political as well as economic, social and cultural rights during the period 1992-1994. The reports have a common structure, allowing comparisons between countries. Reports appear on Bangladesh, Botswana, the Philippines and Sudan, which were last covered in the 1990 "Yearbook," and Nicaragua and Surinam, last covered in the 1991 "Yearbook," Colombia and Nigeria are reported on for the first time. The "Yearbook on Human Rights in Developing Countries" is a joint project of the Chr. Michelsen Institute, Bergen, the Norwegian Institute of Human Rights, Oslo, the Raoul Wallenberg Institute of Human Rights and Humanitarian Law, Lund, the Ludwig Boltzmann Institute of Human Rights (BIM), Vienna, and the Netherlands Institute of Human Rights (SIM), Utrecht.