Trading and Price Discovery for Crude Oils

Trading and Price Discovery for Crude Oils

Author: Adi Imsirovic

Publisher: Palgrave Macmillan

ISBN: 3030717178

Category: Business & Economics

Page: 253

View: 387

This is a book about the international oil market. It takes a historical perspective on how the market emerged, developed, and became what it is today—the biggest commodity market in the world. It is mature and complex, but far from perfect. Throughout most of its 150-year history, the oil market has been monopolised by companies and governments. For only a fraction of that, oil traded in a relatively free market. As a result, we had to live with ‘big oil’, economic shocks, high oil prices, instability and wars. Using a simple concept of market power, this book will explain the meaning of ‘oil price’ and how it is established while offering a valuable lesson for other commodities. Market power is the key to understanding the ‘price of oil’. This book uses a simple concept of price-makers and price-takers to examine the evolution of oil markets, their structure, and prices. The early decades of the oil industry were competitive with low barriers to entry. Barely 25 years later, the Standard Oil company created a refining monopoly, buying oil at its own ‘posted’ price. In the following century, the cartel of major oil companies, helped by their governments, did the same at the international level. OPEC helped producing governments regain control of their own resources, but the organisation was never able to retain a similar level of control. After 1986 price collapse, OPEC abdicated the price-making function in favour of the market. While it never gave up attempts to influence prices, OPEC had to link their official prices to one of the global oil benchmarks. Modern international oil markets function because of oil benchmarks such as Brent, WTI and Dubai. This book showcases: • How oil traders played a prominent role in development of the industry • How policies of consuming nations helped oil cartels • Why and how the US price of oil was negative • How AI has changed the way markets operate and the way in which the markets are likely to change in future This book explores how oil markets grew, functioned, and have occasionally failed to do their job. The ecosystem of derivatives or ‘paper barrels’ trading in far greater volume than physical oil plays a very important role in mitigating risk. With this core tenant, setting the ‘price of oil’ is explained in detail.

Trading and Price Discovery for Crude Oils

Trading and Price Discovery for Crude Oils

Author: Adi Imsirovic

Publisher: Springer Nature

ISBN: 9783030717186

Category: Business & Economics

Page: 253

View: 460

This is a book about the international oil market. It takes a historical perspective on how the market emerged, developed, and became what it is today—the biggest commodity market in the world. It is mature and complex, but far from perfect. Throughout most of its 150-year history, the oil market has been monopolised by companies and governments. For only a fraction of that, oil traded in a relatively free market. As a result, we had to live with ‘big oil’, economic shocks, high oil prices, instability and wars. Using a simple concept of market power, this book will explain the meaning of ‘oil price’ and how it is established while offering a valuable lesson for other commodities. Market power is the key to understanding the ‘price of oil’. This book uses a simple concept of price-makers and price-takers to examine the evolution of oil markets, their structure, and prices. The early decades of the oil industry were competitive with low barriers to entry. Barely 25 years later, the Standard Oil company created a refining monopoly, buying oil at its own ‘posted’ price. In the following century, the cartel of major oil companies, helped by their governments, did the same at the international level. OPEC helped producing governments regain control of their own resources, but the organisation was never able to retain a similar level of control. After 1986 price collapse, OPEC abdicated the price-making function in favour of the market. While it never gave up attempts to influence prices, OPEC had to link their official prices to one of the global oil benchmarks. Modern international oil markets function because of oil benchmarks such as Brent, WTI and Dubai. This book showcases: • How oil traders played a prominent role in development of the industry • How policies of consuming nations helped oil cartels • Why and how the US price of oil was negative • How AI has changed the way markets operate and the way in which the markets are likely to change in future This book explores how oil markets grew, functioned, and have occasionally failed to do their job. The ecosystem of derivatives or ‘paper barrels’ trading in far greater volume than physical oil plays a very important role in mitigating risk. With this core tenant, setting the ‘price of oil’ is explained in detail.

Price Discovery in Crude Oil Futures

Price Discovery in Crude Oil Futures

Author: John Elder

Publisher:

ISBN: OCLC:1304492081

Category:

Page: 34

View: 537

This study examines price discovery among the two most prominent price benchmarks in the market for crude oil, WTI sweet crude and Brent sweet crude. Using data on the most active futures contracts measured at the one-second frequency, we find that WTI maintains a dominant role in price discovery relative to Brent, with an estimated information share in excess of 80%, over a sample from 2007 through 2012. Our analysis is robust to different decompositions of the sample, over pit-trading sessions and non-pit trading sessions, segmentation of days associated with major economic news releases, and data measured to the millisecond. We find no evidence that the dominant role of WTI in price discovery is diminished by the price spread between Brent that emerged in 2008.

40 Classic Crude Oil Trades

40 Classic Crude Oil Trades

Author: Owain Johnson

Publisher: Routledge

ISBN: 9781000539455

Category: Business & Economics

Page: 256

View: 308

The day-to-day world of crude oil traders is not usually open to outsiders. Few non-specialists appreciate how oil traders approach the markets, what their backgrounds are and how they make money. This book brings the oil trading world to vivid life by introducing the reader to 40 real-life trades or strategies that were carried out by named market participants. The 40 chapters cover different geographies and different crude oil markets, providing an unparalleled insight into how crude oil traders work and think. Oil trading developed in its current form in the 1980s and the chapters cover these early beginnings through to the present day. The trades have been grouped in sections that relate to the nature of each trade and its broader use as an example of a successful trading style. Sections cover approaches to arbitrage trading; the impact of geopolitics; logistics and storage plays; short-term versus longer term trading; managing new crude oil grades; trading crude oil derivatives. The book provides plenty of inspiration for current or prospective crude oil traders or analysts. It will also be valuable for academic researchers, business school case studies, and for anyone wanting to learn more about the individuals that shape the world’s most important commodity market.

The Palgrave Handbook of International Energy Economics

The Palgrave Handbook of International Energy Economics

Author: Manfred Hafner

Publisher: Springer Nature

ISBN: 9783030868840

Category: Business & Economics

Page: 808

View: 782

This open access handbook is distinguished by its emphasis on international energy, rather than domestic energy policies or international geopolitic aspects. Addressing key topics such as energy production and distribution, renewables and corporate energy structures, alongside global energy trends, regional case studies and emerging areas such as the digitalization of energy and energy transition, this handbook provides a major new contribution to the field of international energy economics. Written by academics, practitioners and policy-makers, this handbook is a valuable and timely addition to the literature on international energy economics. This book was published open access with the support of Eni.

SEC Docket

SEC Docket

Author: United States. Securities and Exchange Commission

Publisher:

ISBN: NWU:35559006371698

Category: Securities

Page:

View: 399

Energy Markets

Energy Markets

Author: Tom James

Publisher: John Wiley & Sons

ISBN: 9781118580479

Category: Business & Economics

Page: 250

View: 410

Price Risk Management and Trading. Energy risk management expert, Tom James, does it again. His latestbook is a timely addition to the rapidly developing energy tradingmarkets. This book should be on every energy trader, risk managerand corporate planer's desk. it is an easy read as Tom goes intogreat detail to explain the intricacies of this market and itsvarious unique elements. - Peter C. Fusaro, Chairman, Global ChangeAssociates Inc., Best-selling Author and Energy Expert This sensible and practical guide is essential for those seeking anunderstanding of commerce in energy derivatives. beyond merelyinformative, this hand book for the practitioner details the finerpoints of the use of derivatives as tools for price-riskmanagement. No energy trading desk should be without it. - Ethan L.Cohen, Senior Director, Utility and Energy Technology, UtiliPointInternational Inc. Energy markets are much more volatile than other commodity markets,so risk mitigation is more of a concern. Energy prices, forexample, can be affected by weather, geopo9litical turmoil, changesin tax and legal systems, OPEC decisions, analysis' reports,transportation issues, and supply and demand - to name just a fewfactors. Tom James's book is a practical guide to assessing andmanaging these risks. It is a must-read for senior management aswell as risk and financial professionals.- Don Stowers, Editor, Oil& Gas Financial Journal This book is the most comprehensive on price riskmanagement-centric efforts. It provides the reader with a tangibleexperience of derivatives in today's capital and energy markets.The breadth and scope of the passages are immense, in that bothdeveloped and developing countries' energy markets are consideredand examples applied. Terrific read! - Rashpal Bhatti, MarketingManager, Energy Trading Asia, Enron/BHP Billiton Tom James has simplified the intricacies of a very complex market.In this new market of "hot" commodities, he has been able to give afresh course to those who are new to the energy markets and a solidreview for those that are well seasoned. he covers everythingwithin the oil market from A to Z in this book and does it well.Coming from a financial background myself, it's good to finallyfind a book that can bring a better understanding to the field ofenergy commodities. - Carl Larry, Vice President Citi Energy GlobalCommodities

Price Discovery and Information Linkages in the Emission Allowance and Energy Markets

Price Discovery and Information Linkages in the Emission Allowance and Energy Markets

Author: John Edward Swieringa

Publisher:

ISBN: OCLC:953310745

Category: Commodity exchanges

Page: 300

View: 183

We provide the first evidence on the catalysts for price discovery in the European Union Emissions Trading System. Short-run return dynamics are analysed using a regression approach similar to Fleming, Ostdiek and Whaley (1996), while the permanent contribution of securities to long-run price equilibrium is examined by calculating Hasbrouck's (1995) information shares. By employing high frequency data across a wide range of securities, we find that trading costs are a more important determinant of price discovery than the implicit provision of leverage in securities such as futures and options. Securities with low trading costs display greater price discovery than those with high trading costs. We also examine price discovery within the European markets for coal, natural gas and crude oil. Results show that Brent crude oil futures display greater price discovery than a proxy for the physical Brent market, while there is evidence that West Texas Intermediate futures still dominate price discovery globally. In natural gas markets, UK natural gas futures display greater price discovery than physical trading at North-West Europe's main natural gas hubs, though weak links to the crude oil market remain. Due to a lack of liquidity and transparency, it remains difficult to distinguish between coal securities. Overall, our results support the importance of futures contracts as a source of price discovery in contrast with opaque over-the-counter physical trading. Having established where price discovery is taking place in the European emission allowance and energy markets, we examine volatility and information linkages between them by employing a rational expectations framework similar to Fleming, Kirby and Ostdiek (1998). The model specifies volatility linkages operating through common information and information spillover channels. We estimate a representation of this model using GMM for bivariate pairings of emission allowances with coal, natural gas and crude oil. We find that emission allowances are most strongly linked to the crude oil market, in spite of more direct economic relationships with coal and natural gas.

Handbook of Energy Politics

Handbook of Energy Politics

Author: Jennifer I. Considine

Publisher: Edward Elgar Publishing

ISBN: 9781784712303

Category:

Page: 528

View: 767

Starting with the fundamentals of the global energy industry, Handbook of Energy Politics goes on to cover the evolution of capital and financial markets in the energy industry, the effects of technology, environmental issues and global warming and geopolitics. The book concludes by considering the future, including the lessons learned from history, where we are most likely to be heading and what steps we can take to mitigate potential energy risks. This Handbook will be an invaluable resource for upper level graduates and postgraduate scholars.