American Cinematographers in the Great War, 1914–1918

American Cinematographers in the Great War, 1914–1918

Author: James W. Castellan

Publisher: Indiana University Press

ISBN: 9780861969210

Category: Performing Arts

Page: 320

View: 555

A history of American cameramen covering the news of World War I, from the dangerous front line and the risk of execution to red tape and censorship. At the start of hostilities in World War I, when the United States was still neutral, American newsreel companies and newspapers sent a new kind of journalist, the film correspondent, to Europe to record the Great War. These pioneering cameramen, accustomed to carrying the Kodaks and Graflexes of still photography, had to lug cumbersome equipment into the trenches. Facing dangerous conditions on the front, they also risked summary execution as supposed spies while navigating military red tape, censorship, and the business interests of the film and newspaper companies they represented. Based on extensive research in European and American archives, American Cinematographers in the Great War, 1914–1918 follows the adventures of these cameramen as they managed to document and film the atrocities around them in spite of enormous difficulties. “The first book to explore the work and working conditions of American cinematographers active on the different fronts of the First World War. It is a pioneering study which has already attracted a good deal of attention in the academic and archive world.” —Historical Journal of Film, Radio and Television

Camera-cut-composition

Camera-cut-composition

Author: Aaron Sultanik

Publisher: Associated University Presses

ISBN: 0845348523

Category: Photography

Page: 188

View: 947

Camera-Cut-Composition: A Learning Model is a film rhetoric based on the uniquely cognitive nature of motion pictures. It is designed for filmmaking and film studies programs. A historical survey of breakthrough technical advances and artistic triumphs is combined with an analysis of the filmmaking process to show the constructive perceptual unity surrounding the making and interpretation of motion pictures. According to author Aaron Sultanik, the viewer's response to a film derives from three visually ascertained, dramatically realized cognitive elements: (1) the multiple points of view of a camera's placement, angle, and mobility; (2) the dynamic spatiotemporal assemblage of a film's editing; (3) and the final meaning of a film through the story's pictorial stylization. Sultanik offers instructive analogies to classic texts in rhetoric, visual perception, and film criticism to define a movie's distinct aesthetic properties and their perceptual-cognitive interdependence.

The Dynamic Frame

The Dynamic Frame

Author: Patrick Keating

Publisher: Columbia University Press

ISBN: 9780231548953

Category: Literary Criticism

Page: 369

View: 840

The camera’s movement in a film may seem straightforward or merely technical. Yet skillfully deployed pans, tilts, dollies, cranes, and zooms can express the emotions of a character, convey attitude and irony, or even challenge an ideological stance. In The Dynamic Frame, Patrick Keating offers an innovative history of the aesthetics of the camera that examines how camera movement shaped the classical Hollywood style. In careful readings of dozens of films, including Sunrise, The Grapes of Wrath, Rear Window, Sunset Boulevard, and Touch of Evil, Keating explores how major figures such as F. W. Murnau, Orson Welles, and Alfred Hitchcock used camera movement to enrich their stories and deepen their themes. Balancing close analysis with a broader poetics of camera movement, Keating uses archival research to chronicle the technological breakthroughs and the changing division of labor that allowed for new possibilities, as well as the shifting political and cultural contexts that inspired filmmakers to use technology in new ways. An original history of film techniques and aesthetics, The Dynamic Frame shows that the classical Hollywood camera moves not to imitate the actions of an omniscient observer but rather to produce the interplay of concealment and revelation that is an essential part of the exchange between film and viewer.

3-D Revolution

3-D Revolution

Author: Ray Zone

Publisher: University Press of Kentucky

ISBN: 9780813136110

Category: Performing Arts

Page: 458

View: 595

Stereoscopic cinema began in the early 19th century and exploded in the 1950s in Hollywood. Its status as an enduring genre was confirmed in 2009 by the success of 3-D movie 'Avatar'.

Hollywood Soundscapes

Hollywood Soundscapes

Author: Helen Hanson

Publisher: Bloomsbury Publishing

ISBN: 9781838716226

Category: Performing Arts

Page: 200

View: 335

The technical crafts of sound in classical Hollywood cinema have, until recently, remained largely 'unsung' by histories of the studio era. Yet film sound – voice, music and sound effects – is a crucial aspect of film style and has been key to engaging and holding audiences since the transition to sound by Hollywood's major studios in 1929. This innovative new text restores sound technicians to Hollywood's creative history. Exploring a range of films from the early sound period (1931) through to the late studio period (1948), and drawing on a wide range of archival sources, the book reveals how Hollywood's sound designers worked and why they worked in the ways that they did. The book demonstrates how sound technicians developed conventions designed to tell stories through sound, placing them within the production cultures of studio era filmmaking, and uncovering a history of collective and collaborative creativity. In doing so, it traces the emergence of a body of highly skilled sound personnel, able to apply expert technical knowledge in the science of sound to the creation of cinematic soundscapes that are alive with mood and sensation.

Cinematography

Cinematography

Author: Patrick Keating

Publisher: Rutgers University Press

ISBN: 9780813563510

Category: Performing Arts

Page: 248

View: 266

How does a film come to look the way it does? And what influence does the look of a film have on our reaction to it? The role of cinematography, as both a science and an art, is often forgotten in the chatter about acting, directing, and budgets. The successful cinematographer must have a keen creative eye, as well as expert knowledge about the constantly expanding array of new camera, film, and lighting technologies. Without these skills at a director’s disposal, most movies quickly fade from memory. Cinematography focuses on the highlights of this art and provides the first comprehensive overview of how the field has rapidly evolved, from the early silent film era to the digital imagery of today. The essays in this volume introduce us to the visual conventions of the Hollywood style, explaining how these first arose and how they have subsequently been challenged by alternative aesthetics. In order to frame this fascinating history, the contributors employ a series of questions about technology (how did new technology shape cinematography?), authorship (can a cinematographer develop styles and themes over the course of a career?), and classicism (how should cinematographers use new technology in light of past practice?). Taking us from the hand-cranked cameras of the silent era to the digital devices used today, the collection of original essays explores how the art of cinematography has been influenced not only by technological advances, but also by trends in the movie industry, from the rise of big-budget blockbusters to the spread of indie films. The book also reveals the people behind the camera, profiling numerous acclaimed cinematographers from James Wong Howe to Roger Deakins. Lavishly illustrated with over 50 indelible images from landmark films, Cinematography offers a provocative behind-the-scenes look at the profession and a stirring celebration of the art form. Anyone who reads this history will come away with a fresh eye for what appears on the screen because of what happens behind it.

Movies and Methods

Movies and Methods

Author: Bill Nichols

Publisher: Univ of California Press

ISBN: 0520054091

Category: Performing Arts

Page: 770

View: 821

Fifty theoretical essays by distinctively original and influential film critics and filmmakers are grouped in categories having to do with general considerations, structuralism-semiology, political factors, genre, feminism, auteur theory, and mise-en-scene