: Archaeology has been complicit in the appropriation of indigenous peoples' pasts worldwide. While tales of blatant archaeological colonialism abound from the era of empire, the process also took more subtle and insidious forms. Ian McNiven and Lynette Russell outline archaeology's colonial culture and how it has shaped archaeological practice over the past century. Using examples from their native Australia-- and comparative material from North America, Africa, and elsewhere-- the authors show how colonized peoples were objectified by research, had their needs subordinated to those of science, were disassociated from their accomplishments by theories of diffusion, watched their histories reshaped by western concepts of social evolution, and had their cultures appropriated toward nationalist ends. The authors conclude by offering a decolonized archaeological practice through collaborative partnership with native peoples in understanding their past.
The Life of Margaret Alice Murray: A Woman’s Work in Archaeology, by Kathleen L. Sheppard, is a scientific biography of Margaret Alice Murray (1863-1963), exploring all the facets of “women’s work” in the history of archaeology and academia in the first half of the 20th century. This is not another “Great Woman” in place of a “Great Man” biography, but is instead the unlikely story of the first professional female Egyptologist in Britain who has so far been largely ignored by historians.