Electrons at the Fermi Surface

Electrons at the Fermi Surface

Author: M. Springford

Publisher: Cambridge University Press

ISBN: 0521175062

Category: Science

Page: 564

View: 678

First published in 1980, this is a Festschrift to honour Professor David Schoenberg, FRS, on the subject of electrons at the Fermi surface.

Statistical Condensed Matter Physics

Statistical Condensed Matter Physics

Author: Carlo Di Castro

Publisher: Cambridge University Press

ISBN: 9781107039407

Category: Science

Page: 544

View: 715

An innovative and modular textbook combining established classical topics in statistical mechanics with the latest developments in condensed matter physics.

Horizons in World Physics

Horizons in World Physics

Author: Albert Reimer

Publisher: Nova Publishers

ISBN: 1590339274

Category: Science

Page: 325

View: 779

This volume presents leading-edge research in physics from researchers around the world. Contents: Preface; Interface-Localised Mode in Bilayer Film Ferromagnetic Resonance Spectrum; On Similarity Waves in Compacting Media; Generalised Relativistic Dynamics of Charged Particle; Deviatoric Elasticity as a Mechanism describing Stable Shapes of Nanotubes; A Thermodynamic Approach for Predicting Micelle and Asphaltene-Micelle Formation; Asymptotic Theories for the Non-linear Analysis of Axisymmetric Laminated Cylindrical Shells; Statistical Dynamics of Energy Transfer in Direct Inelastic Gas-Surface Scattering within Dynamical Lie Algebraic Method; Topologically Charged Vortex in a Supersymmetric Kalb-Ramond Theory; The Effect of Fibre Curvature on Suspension Viscosity; Measurements of Reaction Cross-Sections and Determination of Nucleon Matter Density Distributions; Index.

Horizons in World Physics

Horizons in World Physics

Author: Tori V. Lynch

Publisher: Nova Publishers

ISBN: 1594540632

Category: Science

Page: 279

View: 825

This volume presents leading-edge research in physics from researchers around the world.

The Electron Liquid Paradigm in Condensed Matter Physics

The Electron Liquid Paradigm in Condensed Matter Physics

Author: G. Vignale

Publisher: IOS Press

ISBN: 9781614990130

Category: Science

Page: 560

View: 215

The electron liquid paradigm is at the basis of most of our current understanding of the physical properties of electronic systems. Quite remarkably, the latter are nowadays at the intersection of the most exciting areas of science: materials science, quantum chemistry, nano-electronics, biology and quantum computation. Accordingly, its importance can hardly be overestimated. During the past 20 years the field has witnessed momentous developments, which are partly covered in this new volume. Advances in semiconductor technology have allowed the realizations of ultra-pure electron liquids whose density, unlike that of the ones spontaneously occurring in nature, can be tuned by electrical means, allowing a systematic exploration of both strongly and weakly correlated regimes. Most of these system are two- or even one-dimensional and can be coupled together in the form of multi-layers or multi-wires, opening vast observational possibilities. On the theoretical side, quantum Monte Carlo methods have allowed an essentially exact determination of the ground-state energy of the electron liquid, and have provided partial answers to the still open question of the structure of its phase diagram. Starting from the 1980s some truly revolutionary concepts have emerged, which are well represented in this volume.

Finite Size Effects in Correlated Electron Models

Finite Size Effects in Correlated Electron Models

Author: Andrei A. Zvyagin

Publisher: World Scientific

ISBN: 9781860945038

Category: Science

Page: 367

View: 528

The book presents exact results for one-dimensional models (including quantum spin models) of strongly correlated electrons in a comprehensive and concise manner. It incorporates important results related to magnetic and hybridization impurities in electron hosts and contains exact original results for disordered ensembles of impurities in interacting systems. These models describe a number of real low-dimensional electron systems that are widely used in nanophysics and microelectronics.An important method of modern theoretical and mathematical physics — the Bethe's Ansatz (BA) — is introduced to readers. This book presents different forms of the BA for periodic and open quantum chains. Other forms dealt with are the co-ordinate BA, thermodynamic BA, nested BA, algebraic BA, and thermal BA. The book also contains a compact description of other theoretical methods such as scaling, conformal field theory, Abelian and non-Abelian bosonizations.The book is suitable for use as a textbook by graduate students in non-perturbative methods of low-dimensional quantum many-body theory. It will also be a useful source of reference for qualified physicists, as well as non-experts in low-dimensional physics, as it explores material necessary for further studies in the fields of exactly solvable quantum models and low-dimensional correlated electron systems.

Models and Methods of High-Tc Superconductivity

Models and Methods of High-Tc Superconductivity

Author: J. K. Srivastava

Publisher: Nova Publishers

ISBN: 1590336674

Category: Technology & Engineering

Page: 418

View: 973

The articles in this exceptional book contain regular papers, extended papers and reviews, and thus vary in length and are useful for all kinds of audience. They describe, as the book's name suggests, HTSC models and methodologies. Physical models (like extended BCS model, bipolaron model, spin bag model, RVB (resonating valence bond) model, preformed Cooper pairs and antiferromagnetic spin fluctuation (AFSF) based models, stripe phase, paired cluster (spin glass (SG) frustration based) model, Kamimura-Suwa (Hund's coupling mechanism based) model, electron- plasmon interaction, electron- phonon interaction, etc.), theoretical methods (methodologies) (like generalised BCS-Migdal-Eliashberg theory, Hubbard model, t-J model, t-t'-U model, Hubbard-Holstein model, Fermi-, non Fermi- and marginal Fermi- liquid concepts, generalised Hartree-Fock formalism, etc.) and, experimental status and methodologies are all described there. For comparison with cuprates, fullerenes, ruthenates, organic-, non Cu-containing oxide-and conventional (elemental, A15)- superconductors, molecular crystals, nickelates, manganites, borides etc. are also discussed.

Electron Correlation in Metals

Electron Correlation in Metals

Author: K. Yamada

Publisher: Cambridge University Press

ISBN: 9781139453066

Category: Science

Page:

View: 179

Since the discovery of high Tc superconductivity, the role of electron correlation on superconductivity has been an important issue in condensed matter physics. Here the role of electron correlation in metals is explained in detail on the basis of the Fermi liquid theory. The book, originally published in 2004, discusses the following issues: enhancements of electronic specific heat and magnetic susceptibility, effects of electron correlation on transport phenomena such as electric resistivity and Hall coefficient, magnetism, Mott transition and unconventional superconductivity. These originate commonly from the Coulomb repulsion between electrons. In particular, superconductivity in strongly correlated electron systems is discussed with a unified point of view. This book is written to explain interesting physics in metals for undergraduate and graduate students and researchers in condensed matter physics.

Transition Metal Compounds

Transition Metal Compounds

Author: Daniel I. Khomskii

Publisher: Cambridge University Press

ISBN: 9781107020177

Category: Science

Page: 496

View: 300

Describes all aspects of the physics of transition metal compounds, providing a comprehensive overview of this diverse class of solids. Set within a modern conceptual framework, this is an invaluable, up-to-date resource for graduate students, researchers and industrial practitioners in solid-state physics and chemistry, materials science, and inorganic chemistry.