This book provides in-depth coverage on the latest concepts, systems, and technologies that are being utilized in biorefineries for the production of biofuels and value-added commodities. Written by internationally recognized experts, the book provides a comprehensive overview of pretreatment technology for biorefineries and biofuels, enzymatic hydrolysis and fermentation technology for biofuel production, and lignin valorization for developing new products from waste lignin. The book will be a valuable resource for researchers and professionals working in process engineering, product engineering, material science, and systems and synthetic biology in the fields of biorefining, biofuel, biomaterials, environmental waste utilization, and biotechnology.
This book is a compilation of process, technologies and value added products such as high value biochemicals and biofuels produced from different waste biorefineries. The book is sectioned into four categories providing a comprehensive outlook about zero waste biorefinery and technologies associated with it. The emerging technologies that potentially put back the lignocellulosic waste, municipal solid waste and food waste into intrinsic recycling for production of high value biochemicals and bioenergy, along with associated challenges and opportunities are also included. The content also focuses on algal biorefineries leading to sustainable circular economy through production of broad spectrum of bioactive compounds, bioethanol, biobutanol, biohydrogen, biodiesel through integrated biorefinery approach. The volume also includes chapters on conversion technologies and mathematical models applied for process optimization. A sound foundation about the underlying principles of biorefineries and a up-to-date state-of-the-art based overview on the latest advances in terms of scientific knowledge, techno-economic developments and life cycle assessment methodologies of integrated waste biorefinery is provided. This volume will be of great interest to professionals, post-graduate students and policy makers involved in waste management, biorefineries, circular economy and sustainable development.
This book focuses on the state-of-the-art research, development, and commercial prospective of recent advances in chemical sciences. The innovative work in the field of Environmental Engineering, Bio-chemical Engineering, Chemical Engineering, Nanotechnology, Environment Impact Assessment, Green Technologies. The contents in this book cover various design concepts and control and optimization for applications in Chemical, Bio and Environmental Engineering, manufacturing, Physics, Chemistry and Biological sciences. This book will be useful resource for researchers, academicians as well as professionals interested in the highly interdisciplinary field of Chemical, Bio and Environmental Engineering.
Integrated Biorefineries: Design, Analysis, and Optimization examines how to create a competitive edge in biorefinery innovation through integration into existing processes and infrastructure. Leading experts from around the world working in design, synthesis, and optimization of integrated biorefineries present the various aspects of this complex process, capturing the state of the art in the advancing bioeconomy. The book defines an integrated biorefinery as a processing facility that transforms biomass into value-added products—from biofuels and biochemicals to food and pharmaceuticals. The chapters cover biorefinery product and process design, supply chains, process analysis, feedstocks, technologies, and policy and environmental analysis. They focus on second-generation feedstocks, including forestry resources, energy crops, agricultural residues, oils, and various waste materials. With the growing interest in sustainability in general and in renewable resources in industrial facilities, biorefineries are likely to play increasingly significant roles and have greater economic, environmental, and societal impact. This book fills an information gap by presenting cutting-edge advances that can effectively guide engineers and decision makers in the synthesis, selection, design, analysis, and optimization of biorefineries.
Recent Advances in Bioconversion of Lignocellulose to Biofuels and Value Added Chemicals within the Biorefinery Concept covers the latest developments on biorefineries, along with their potential use for the transformation of residues into a broad range of more valuable products. Within this context, the book discusses the enzymatic conversion process of lignocellulosic biomass to generate fuels and other products in a unified approach. It focuses on new approaches to increase enzymatic production by microorganisms, the action of microbial inhibitors, and strategies for their removal. Furthermore, it outlines the benefits of this integrated approach for generating value-added products and the benefits to social and economic aspects, circular bio economy, HUBs and perspectives. Covers the mechanisms of enzymatic conversion of biomass into value-added products Discusses bioproducts derived from lignocellulose and their applications Includes discussions on design, development and the technologies needed for the sustainable manufacture of materials and chemicals Offers a techno-economic evaluation of biorefineries for integrated sustainability assessments Discusses the socioeconomic and cultural-economic perspectives of the lignocellulosic biorefinery Presents a virtual biorefinery as an integrated approach to evaluate the lignocellulose production chain
Blockchain Technology for Emerging Applications: A Comprehensive Approach explores recent theories and applications of the execution of blockchain technology. Chapters look at a wide range of application areas, including healthcare, digital physical frameworks, web of-things, smart transportation frameworks, interruption identification frameworks, ballot-casting, architecture, smart urban communities, and digital rights administration. The book addresses the engineering, plan objectives, difficulties, constraints, and potential answers for blockchain-based frameworks. It also looks at blockchain-based design perspectives of these intelligent architectures for evaluating and interpreting real-world trends. Chapters expand on different models which have shown considerable success in dealing with an extensive range of applications, including their ability to extract complex hidden features and learn efficient representation in unsupervised environments for blockchain security pattern analysis. Introduces the basic architecture and taxonomy of blockchain technology Surveys the most recent developments and challenges in blockchain-enabled technology for various application domains with fundamental and technical depth Investigates how to devise secure and reliable applications and blockchain-enabled decentralized secure solutions using blockchain technology
This title includes a number of Open Access chapters. The world needs renewable and clean forms of energy. Biofuels offer an alternative to fossil fuels, but first-generation biofuels had many challenges to be overcome. One strategy that second-generation biofuels are employing is microbial technology. This compendium volume gathers together recent investigations within this vital field of research. It offers: An overview of the topic Investigations into the varieties of microorganisms useful for this technology Pretreatment methodologies Genetic engineering research that will further this technology Internationally recognized experts contribute chapters on their individual areas of research within this vital field of study. The book offers an authoritative platform from which graduate students and scientists can build future investigations that will create still more advanced biofuels.
This book discusses recent trends and concepts in the field of biorefinery. It discusses optimal and economic strategies for converting biomass to value-added products to maximize profits with minimal environmental impact with a sustainability approach. The chapters of the book are focused on the current technologies, techno-economical aspects, life cycle assessment, and case studies. The book is divided into three sections; the first section presents strategies for the production of biofuels like bioethanol, biomethane, biohydrogen, bio-oil, gasification, etc., from the biomass in a sustainable way. The second sections review the extraction of bioactive chemicals, phenolic antioxidants, enzymes, and carboxylic acid from the biomass residue. The last section examines the utilization of biomass for the production of bioactive materials, including biofertilizers, bioadsorbents, activated carbon, nano-materials, and pigments. This book explores the relation between biofuels and the sustainable development goals (SDGs) 7.
This book provides an introduction to the basic science and technologies for the conversion of biomass (terrestrial and aquatic) into chemicals and fuels, as well as an overview of innovations in the field. The entire value chain for converting raw materials into platform molecules and their transformation into final products are presented in detail. Both cellulosic and oleaginous biomass are considered. The book contains contributions by both academic scientists and industrial technologists so that each topic combines state-of-the-art scientific knowledge with innovative technologies relevant to chemical industries.
Advanced Bioprocessing for Alternative Fuels, Bio-based Chemicals, and Bioproducts: Technologies and Approaches for Scale-Up and Commercialization demonstrates novel systems that apply advanced bioprocessing technologies to produce biofuels, bio-based chemicals, and value-added bioproducts from renewable sources. The book presents the use of novel oleaginous microorganisms and utilization strategies for applications of advanced bioprocessing technology in biofuels production and thoroughly depicts the technological breakthroughs of value added bioproducts. It also aides in the design, evaluation and production of biofuels by describing metabolic engineering and genetic manipulation of biofuels feedstocks. Users will find a thorough overview of the most recent discoveries in biofuels research and the inherent challenges associated with scale up. Emphasis is placed on technological milestones and breakthroughs in applications of new bioprocessing technologies for biofuels production. Its essential information can be used to understand how to incorporate advanced bioprocessing technologies into the scaling up of laboratory technologies to industrial applications while complying with biofuels policies and regulations. Presents the use of novel oleaginous microorganisms and utilization strategies for the applications of advanced technologies in biofuels production Provides a basis for technology assessments, progress and advances, as well as the challenges associated with biofuels at industrial scale Describes, in detail, technologies for metabolic engineering and genetic manipulation of biofuels feedstocks, thus aiding in the design, evaluation and production of advanced biofuels
Sugarcane Biorefinery, Technology and Perspectives provides the reader with a current view of the global scenario of sugarcane biorefinery, launching a new expectation on this important crop from a chemical, energy and sustainability point-of-view. The book explores the existing biorefinery platforms that can be used to convert sugarcane to new high value added products. It also addresses one of today's most controversial issues involving energy cane, in addition to the dilemma "sugar cane vs. food vs. the environment", adding even more value in a culture that is already a symbol of case study around the world. Focusing on the chemical composition of sugarcane, and the production and processes that optimize it for either agricultural or energy use, the book is designed to provide practical insights for current application and inspire the further exploration of options for balancing food and fuel demands. Presents the productive chain of sugarcane and its implications on food production and the environment Includes discussions on the evolution of the sustainable development of the sugar-energy sector Contextualizes and premises for the technological road mapping of energy-cane Provides information on new technologies in the sugar-energy sector