The European Union and Beyond

The European Union and Beyond

Author: Nils Ringe

Publisher: ECPR Press

ISBN: 1538156903

Category:

Page: 278

View: 580

Provides a comprehensive examination of some of the major questions in the study of European Union politics, regional integration and multilevel governance.

Popular Support for Democracy in Unified Germany

Popular Support for Democracy in Unified Germany

Author: Ross Campbell

Publisher: Palgrave Macmillan

ISBN: 3030037916

Category: Political Science

Page: 263

View: 287

This book examines attitudes towards democracy in the Federal Republic of Germany. By drawing on extensive survey evidence, it charts Germans’ changing views of the political system prior to and following unification. The study examines four aspects of the political system: how it functions overall, attitudes towards the Basic Law, trust in representative institutions, and views of the European Union. Rather than accepting or rejecting democracy, the research shows how Germans merge shades of criticism and support. In addition, it pinpoints the factors that condition support, showing how it is influenced by durable and changeable stimuli. Overall, the findings challenge suggestions of a crisis of democracy but they also demonstrate that support is particularly low towards aspects of the European Union. This book appeals to readers interested in public opinion and democracy in Germany, along with those interested in the changing relationship between citizens and the state.

The EU Comitology System in Theory and Practice

The EU Comitology System in Theory and Practice

Author: Jens Blom-Hansen

Publisher: Palgrave Macmillan

ISBN: 1349317152

Category: Political Science

Page: 215

View: 331

EU law consists of several thousand acts of which the overwhelming majority are made by the Commission. The Commission is controlled by comitology, a system of committees of member state representatives that are consulted when new acts are proposed. This book looks at why the system was created, how it functions and how it has evolved.

The Theory of Multi-level Governance

The Theory of Multi-level Governance

Author: Simona Piattoni

Publisher: Oxford University Press

ISBN: 9780199562923

Category: Political Science

Page: 316

View: 486

This book explores the theoretical issues, empirical evidence, and normative debates elicited by the concept of multi-level governance (MLG). The concept is a useful descriptor of decision-making processes that involve the simultaneous mobilization of public authorities at different jurisdictional levels as well as that of non-governmental organizations and social movements. It has become increasingly relevant with the weakening of territorial state power and effectiveness and the increase in international interdependencies which serve to undermine conventional governmental processes. This book moves towards the construction of a theory of multi-level governance by defining the analytical contours of this concept, identifying the processes that can uniquely be denoted by it, and discussing the normative issues that are raised by its diffusion, particularly in the European Union. It is divided into three parts, each meeting a specific challenge - theoretical, empirical, normative. It focuses on three analytical dimensions: multi-level governance as political mobilization (politics), as authoritative decision-making (policy), and as state restructuring (polity). Three policy areas are investigated in vindicating the usefulness of MLG as a theoretical and empirical concept - cohesion, environment, higher education - with particular reference to two member-states: the UK and Germany. Finally, both the input and output legitimacy of multi-level governance decisions and arrangements and its contribution to EU democracy are discussed. As a loosely-coupled policy-making arrangement, MLG is sufficiently structured to secure coordination among public and private actors at different jurisdictional levels, yet sufficiently flexible to avoid "joint decision traps". This balance is obtained at the cost of increasingly blurred boundaries between public and private actors and a change in the established hierarchies between territorial jurisdictions.

Political Confidence and Democracy in Europe

Political Confidence and Democracy in Europe

Author: Christian Schnaudt

Publisher: Springer

ISBN: 3030077705

Category:

Page: 326

View: 527

This book examines the antecedents and consequences of citizens' confidence in different political institutions and authorities. Its main argument states that a distinction between confidence in representative and regulative institutions and authorities is of crucial importance in order to gain novel insights into the relevance of political confidence for the viability of democratic systems. Relying on individual-level data from the European Social Survey (ESS), the author provides empirical evidence that citizens from a total of twenty-one European countries make a distinction between confidence in representative institutions and authorities and confidence in regulative institutions and authorities. Furthermore, the author shows that both types of political confidence emanate from different sources and are associated with varying consequences. Overall, these findings indicate that confidence in representative and confidence in regulative institutions and authorities establish two qualitatively different types of political confidence, each with distinct implications for the functioning and well-being of modern democracies.

Towards a Federal Europe?

Towards a Federal Europe?

Author: Alexandre H. Trechsel

Publisher:

ISBN: 041537586X

Category: Political Science

Page: 199

View: 283

An excellent new analysis of federalism and the EU that investigates their mutual impact. It shows how scholars of comparative politics increasingly include the EU among their cases when investigating the impact of federalism on key issues such as policy making. The last decade saw a new wave of scholarly publications hit the shores as research on federalism and on the EU came together. These emerging strands of research genuinely enrich our understanding of the EU and its politics. Despite this recent wave, the topic of federalism and the EU is still extremely fruitful. This volume contributes to the continuing debate at a moment in time when the EU is undergoing profound changes. It is structured around four interrelated dimensions: the constitutional/theoretical dimension the institutional vision the party/citizens dimension the policy dimension. This structure allows the reader to consecutively "funnel down" from the more theoretical and abstract levels to the more concrete policy oriented level.

Politicizing European Integration

Politicizing European Integration

Author: Dominic Hoeglinger

Publisher: Palgrave Macmillan

ISBN: 1137550678

Category: Political Science

Page: 192

View: 972

What role does European integration play in domestic politics? While many believe this issue is about to fundamentally reshape domestic politics, others argue that the 'sleeping giant' is, and will remain, fast asleep. Innovatively fusing two research strands – political communication and European integration politics – this text engages in the ongoing debate about the politicization of Europe by arguing that the question of how best to deal with the multifaceted nature of the European integration issue poses a tough challenge for the political elites in Western Europe. Substantiated by new evidence based on media-content analysis, the book shows how the complex nature of this issue results in multiple, sometimes contradictory, linkages with traditional political divides and in bitter framing contests about the meaning of what Europe is actually about.

Semi-Presidential Policy-Making in Europe

Semi-Presidential Policy-Making in Europe

Author: Tapio Raunio

Publisher: Palgrave Macmillan

ISBN: 3030164306

Category: Political Science

Page: 169

View: 224

This book explores how power-sharing between the president and the prime minister works in semi-presidential regimes. In contrast to much of the existing comparative work on semi-presidentialism, the book emphasizes the role of institutional coordination at the most concrete level of executive policy-making, and asks how institutional coordination between the president and prime minister influences presidential activism and the balance of power within the executive. The authors develop a tentative framework embedded in institutionalism and based on four strands of research – semi-presidentialism, public administration, political leadership, and foreign policy analysis – which is subsequently applied to the cases of Lithuania, Romania and Finland. Given the political challenges facing many semi-presidential countries, the study ultimately seeks to identify institutional solutions that facilitate power-sharing and successful policy-making.

The Developing Place of Portugal in the European Union

The Developing Place of Portugal in the European Union

Author: José María Magone

Publisher: Transaction Publishers

ISBN: 1412836506

Category: Political Science

Page: 332

View: 720

After decades of isolation and a turbulent transition to democracy, Portugal's integration into the European Union has given political, economic, social, and cultural stability to a country that had to overcome the trauma of losing an empire. This volume clearly is a major contribution to the study of how Portugal became part of the European Union as a political system and its development towards Europeanization and domestication. Magone first lays a theoretical framework for the study of Europeanization and discusses political parties, the political system, and Portuguese society in terms of Europeanization. He then examines public administration, how the European Union and the OECD impacted on the modernization agenda, and includes a discussion of the national EU policy coordination. Magone also considers the Portuguese Euro-elite and how they interacted with the Portuguese presidency and the processes of decision-making going on among the different levels of the governance system of the European Union. He highlights a case study of the Portuguese presidency of the European Union, which took place in the first half of 2003. In addition, Magone discusses the impact of the EU structural funds on Portugal, and scrutinizes Portuguese foreign and defense policies, in particular its reconstructed foreign policy, which was clearly instrumental in achieving the independence of East Timor. He reviews the growing integration of Portugal into the emerging structures of the Common Foreign and Security Policy (CFSP), concluding with the challenges that Portugal will face in the future in the education, health, and business sectors. An interesting finding is the growing alienation of the population from the political class, who clearly make all the decisions in relation to the European Union without proper consultation of the population through referenda. In sum, this book is vital to understand one of the oldest nation-states of the world. JosÚ M. Magone is senior lecturer in European politics in the Department of Politics and International Studies, University of Hull. Among his publications are The Changing Architecture of Iberian Politics, European Portugal: The Difficult Road to Sustainable Democracy, and Iberian Trade Unionism: Democratization Under the Impact of the European Union (available from Transaction).