Handbook for fisheries socio-economic sample survey:

Handbook for fisheries socio-economic sample survey:

Author: Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations

Publisher: Food & Agriculture Org.

ISBN: 9789251096949

Category: Nature

Page: 136

View: 169

This document provides tested and standardized tools to collect the data needed for a socio-economic assessment of a fishery, including sampling design, quality checks and how to transform inputs into statistics.

A subregional analysis of the socio-economic situation of the eastern Mediterranean fisheries

A subregional analysis of the socio-economic situation of the eastern Mediterranean fisheries

Author: ​Pinello, D., Salah, A., Mohamed, A., Hussin, S., Madi, A., Salah, J., Jawhar, S., Nassar, H., Nassar, A., Üstündağ, E. & Kanyilmaz, M.

Publisher: Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations

ISBN: 9789251325278

Category: Technology & Engineering

Page: 57

View: 881

A comparative analysis of socioeconomic indicators of the main fishing fleets in eastern Mediterranean countries was carried out by experts from Egypt, Lebanon, Palestine, Turkey and Italy during the EastMed Working Group on Fisheries Data Analysis, FAO, Rome, 10 to 14 September 2018. The fisheries production in the subregion in 2016 totalled 449 400 tonnes, with a cumulative value of USD 1.2 billion. The fishing fleet comprised 36 143 vessels which operated for three million days and directly generated a total of 66 383 jobs, calculated on a full-time basis. When comparing the value added per fisheries worker to the same indicator calculated for agriculture, the performance of the fisheries sector was stronger than that of agriculture in Egypt and Turkey. In all the other countries, the value added per agricultural worker was markedly higher than that generated by fisheries. Overall, Turkey had the most profitable fleet segments in the region. In terms of fuel efficiency, Turkey and Lebanon performed well, probably as a result of a number of factors, including the fishing areas and the targeted species. The salary per fisher against the minimum wage showed the best performance in Egypt, where a fisher on average earned double the minimum wage paid by the manufacturing sector. On the other hand, in Palestine the average salary of a fisher was below the minimum wage and dangerously close to the international poverty line. In most cases, the small-scale fleets performed steadily, with some indicators above the national average.

Improving our knowledge on small-scale fisheries: data needs and methodologies

Improving our knowledge on small-scale fisheries: data needs and methodologies

Author: Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations

Publisher: Food & Agriculture Org.

ISBN: 9789251300183

Category: Technology & Engineering

Page: 104

View: 445

Small-scale fisheries play an important role in contributing to food security, nutrition, livelihoods and local and national economies. However, there is often limited data and information available (or not easily accessible) on their contributions, and hence small scale fisheries tend to be overlooked and marginalized in policy processes, leading to low levels of support for the sector. The Voluntary Guidelines for Securing Sustainable Small-Scale Fisheries in the Context of Food Security and P overty Eradication (the SSF Guidelines), adopted by the FAO Committee on Fisheries (COFI) in 2014, provide a policy framework for how to ensure sustainability for small-scale fisheries through a holistic and integrated approach. However, this transformational process needs substantial support to take place and be successful, which may be difficult to obtain in the absence of better data and information on the socio-economic contributions of small-scale fisheries. For this reason, a new study has been proposed by FAO and WorldFish to build upon the 2012 World Bank, FAO and WorldFish Center report Hidden Harvest: The Global Contribution of Capture Fisheries. The new study would deepen the knowledge and encourage data-sharing on small-scale fisheries and their socio-economic contributions, and also aim to make policy- and decision-makers aware of the sector’s importance.

Handbook for data collection on recreational fisheries in the Mediterranean and the Black Sea

Handbook for data collection on recreational fisheries in the Mediterranean and the Black Sea

Author: Grati, F., Carlson, A., Carpentieri, P. & Cerri, J.

Publisher: Food & Agriculture Org.

ISBN: 9789251346303

Category: Technology & Engineering

Page: 86

View: 737

Marine recreational fisheries are an integral part of Mediterranean and Black Sea coastal life and are commonly practiced throughout the region. Recreational fisheries also represent an important driver of coastal tourism, which constitutes one of the region’s most important maritime sectors in terms of gross value added and employment. However, despite their ubiquity and potential socio-economic contribution, recreational fisheries are a data-poor sector and can vary widely from one country to another, thus impairing proper consideration of the recreational fisheries sector in policy-making and undermining efforts towards sustainable fisheries management at the regional level. The main goal of this handbook is therefore to provide a clear methodological framework to allow Mediterranean and Black Sea countries to implement suitably harmonized sampling and survey monitoring schemes for recreational fisheries. This handbook establishes a minimum set of necessary information for monitoring recreational fisheries, while, at the same time, allowing for flexibility to accommodate national specificities and data collection needs. It also provide guidance on the data analysis process as well as advice to successfully engage stakeholders in the data collection process.

The State of Mediterranean and Black Sea Fisheries 2020

The State of Mediterranean and Black Sea Fisheries 2020

Author: Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations

Publisher: Food & Agriculture Org.

ISBN: 9789251337240

Category: Technology & Engineering

Page: 172

View: 184

This third edition of the State of Mediterranean and Black Sea Fisheries provides a comprehensive overview of the status of fisheries in the region, looking at their main features and trends, in order to better inform their management and better examine current and future challenges that they will face in the near future. The aim of this report is to produce a document that could provide useful analysis and direction for decision-making and future action. In this respect, this publication also represents a convenient source of information for the FAO Committee on Fisheries and offers a practical complement to the data provided in the State of World Fisheries and Aquaculture published by the FAO Fisheries and Aquaculture Department. This volume includes seven chapters divided into two sections: a first part on the status and trends of different aspects of Mediterranean and Black Sea fisheries, including fleet, catches, socio-economic variables and bycatch, and a second part that focuses on the management of Mediterranean and Black Sea fisheries, including an overview on small-scale fisheries. This report is based to a large extent on the most up-to-date data available submitted by GFCM contracting and cooperating non-contracting parties, including information on stock status, national catches, fleet and socio-economic information up to 2018. It is also complemented with information from other sources.

Review of the techno-economic performance of the main global fishing fleets

Review of the techno-economic performance of the main global fishing fleets

Author: Van Anrooy, R., Carvalho, N., Kitts, A., Mukherjee, R., Van Eijs, S., Japp, D., Ndao, S.

Publisher: Food & Agriculture Org.

ISBN: 9789251344705

Category: Technology & Engineering

Page: 175

View: 166

This review of the techno-economic performance of the main global fishing fleets discusses the outcomes from 20 country-level studies of fishing fleets from Africa, Asia, Europe, North and South America. It includes financial, socio-economic and technical information from 103 major (semi-) industrial fishing fleet segments, which are responsible for an estimated 39 percent of marine capture fisheries production worldwide. The analysis of vessel characteristics reveals substantial differences in fishing capacity (in terms of vessel length, tonnage and power) between fleet segments. An increase in the gross tonnage of average vessels was observed in fleet segments also covered in previous reviews. Substantial increases in average length overall and engine power were observed in several Asian fishing fleets. The age structure of the fishing fleets in most regions, except Asia, shows an upward trend. An analysis of the costs and earnings data showed that labour and running costs were the two main cost components for the majority of fleet segments. Ninety-two percent of 97 fleet segments reported a positive net cash flow in the year they were surveyed, in the 2016–2019 period. Net profit margins of 10 percent or more were realized by average fishing vessels in 73 percent of the fleet segments. Returns on investment (ROIs) of 10 percent or higher were realized by 61 percent of the fleet segments. The review also discusses developments in fishing technologies. These developments, along with a general increase in seafood prices, successful fisheries management in some areas, and improved fleet capacity management in Europe and North America, have all contributed to the ongoing, positive financial and economic performance of the main global fishing fleets in recent years.

Data collection systems and methodologies for the inland fisheries of Europe

Data collection systems and methodologies for the inland fisheries of Europe

Author: Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations

Publisher: Food & Agriculture Org.

ISBN: 9789251322567

Category: Technology & Engineering

Page: 178

View: 433

Inland fisheries are important sources of ecosystem services contributing to human diet, health, well-being and economies. The evaluation of the importance and value of inland fisheries is one of the biggest challenges for its development. To develop the inland fisheries data collection, we reviewed the current status of data collection in European countries and provided five detailed country examples. The specific country examples give detailed description of data collection, focusing on: 1) country-wide postal survey (Finland) and 2) web-based survey and development of citizen science approach (Denmark). Example 3) from Ireland focuses on recreational salmonid fishing and conservation limits. There are two examples based on logbook returns: 4) one strict system, which is considered to work well (Czech Republic) and 5) one less controlled system, currently not producing reliable results, and under development (Croatia). Case studies were provided in each country example. Finally, the authors discuss the important aspects of inland fisheries data collection and review the methods to provide recommendations.

Report of the twenty-first session of the Scientific Advisory Committee on Fisheries. Cairo, Egypt, 24–27 June 2019/Rapport de la vingt-et-unième session du Comité scientifique consultatif des pêches. Le Caire, Égypte, 24-27 juin 2019

Report of the twenty-first session of the Scientific Advisory Committee on Fisheries. Cairo, Egypt, 24–27 June 2019/Rapport de la vingt-et-unième session du Comité scientifique consultatif des pêches. Le Caire, Égypte, 24-27 juin 2019

Author: Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations

Publisher: Food & Agriculture Org.

ISBN: 9789251318898

Category: Technology & Engineering

Page: 183

View: 373

This report presents the outcomes of the twenty-first session of the Scientific Advisory Committee on Fisheries (SAC) of the General Fisheries Commission for the Mediterranean (GFCM) held in Cairo, Egypt, from 24 to 27 June 2019. During the session, the Committee reviewed the work carried out during the 2018–2019 intersession, including within its four subregional subsidiary bodies. Ce rapport présente les résultats de la vingt et unième session du Comité scientifique consultatif des pêches (CSC) de la Commission générale des pêches pour la Méditerranée (CGPM) tenue au Caire, Égypte, du 24 au 27 juin 2019. Au cours de la session, le Comité a passé en revue les travaux réalisés pendant la période intersessions 2018-2019, notamment dans le cadre de ses quatre organes subsidiaires sous-régionaux.

Chilika

Chilika

Author: Soumen Ray

Publisher: Routledge

ISBN: 9781000482867

Category: Social Science

Page: 198

View: 338

From Chilika, India's largest coastal lake, the echoes of poetry, the reflections of festive lamps, its ever-present turmoil and biodiverse bounty have come together to portray livelihoods and lives, half full and half empty. After a broad conceptual framework about fish, fishery and fishing livelihoods, this book has explicitly focused on the lake's ecosystem in Odisha and sustainability in fishing communities. The voices of the fishers have lent credence to the socio-cultural belief systems, right of commons, and disputes over conservation at individual and community levels. The volatility over the common user rights is underscored by lack of protection to the locals, absence of guiding principles, and powerful usurpers. The disruption of livelihoods through insufficient economic support is underlined by the lack of viable, equitable and regulated credit structures in the region. Issues of mechanization, ecological hazards, adverse impact of climate change and environmental degradation are explained through their own bearing on bionomic and traditional livelihood disruptions, and in-situ footprints on common property resources. In the final countdown, the sustained coexistence of Chilika lake and its varied community is narrated through an integrated socio-economic lens that accommodates extant challenges into its field of vision. Please note: Taylor & Francis does not sell or distribute the Hardback in India, Pakistan, Nepal, Bhutan, Bangladesh and Sri Lanka.

Rural poverty analysis

Rural poverty analysis

Author: Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations

Publisher: Food & Agriculture Org.

ISBN: 9789251349687

Category: Social Science

Page: 184

View: 605

Reducing rural poverty is a key objective of FAO. To achieve this goal, the Organization must reach the poor and the extremely poor in rural areas, analysing their needs and aspirations and providing effective guidance for the design of policies and investments that foster inclusive and sustainable development. This guide was developed to strengthen the Organization’s work on rural poverty reduction and inclusivity over the coming years. It provides key information to measure poverty, characterize rural populations, and identify their constraints to target them more accurately. The guide includes five chapters. Chapter 1 explains the structure, content, and use of the guide, as well as its intended users and objectives. Chapter 2 discusses how poverty is measured, focusing on the different indicators that can be used, depending on the context, specific circumstances, data availability and policy objectives. Chapter 3 provides guidance on how to build a poverty profile and produce poverty maps to understand who the poor are and where they are located. Chapter 4 focuses on the targeting process, on various targeting techniques and on how to choose one over another to ensure that programmes and projects effectively combat poverty, particularly in rural areas. Finally, Chapter 5 sets the next steps for the development of further analytical guides. The various chapters provide an overview of both widely used and emerging techniques in poverty analysis, focusing on quantitative methods, and giving constant attention to FAO’s areas of work and the challenges posed by operating in rural areas.

Socio-economics of trawl fisheries in Southeast Asia and Papua New Guinea

Socio-economics of trawl fisheries in Southeast Asia and Papua New Guinea

Author: Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations

Publisher: Food & Agriculture Org.

ISBN: 9789251099292

Category: Technology & Engineering

Page: 249

View: 732

These studies on the role of trawl fisheries for food security and the potential impacts of management measures reveal major differences across countries in fishing practices, including crew demographics and income-sharing arrangements.

Handbook of Research on Climate Change Impact on Health and Environmental Sustainability

Handbook of Research on Climate Change Impact on Health and Environmental Sustainability

Author: Dinda, Soumyananda

Publisher: IGI Global

ISBN: 9781466688155

Category: Science

Page: 712

View: 300

Climate change is not only one of the greatest threats to modern civilization; it is also a great challenge to economic development in the 21st century. Global warming can lead to periods of both drought and intense rain, causing crops to fail and ruining the livelihoods of many in underdeveloped countries. The Handbook of Research on Climate Change Impact on Health and Environmental Sustainability is an authoritative reference source that offers a comprehensive and timely analysis of various aspects of global warming and its consequences. Featuring such topics as assessment of and adaption to climate change, water and its socio-economic impact, the environmental effects of climate change on human health, and the mitigation of climate change on both a local and global level, this expansive handbook is an essential reference source for students, researchers, academicians, engineers, government executives, and other practitioners looking to make a difference in the treatment of our environment. This publication features timely research on subjects including, but not limited to, climate change and its effect on both urbanization and the trade competitiveness of different regions, water-related diseases flourishing due to climate change, health risks and rethinking health service provision, losses from natural disasters, farmers’ views on the environment, drought management policies, groundwater resource management, trends in long-term rainfall, fishery management and productivity, preserving biodiversity, and sustainable forest use.