Handbook of Neuroprosthetic Methods

Handbook of Neuroprosthetic Methods

Author: Warren E Finn

Publisher: CRC Press

ISBN: 0367395592

Category:

Page: 456

View: 207

Work in the field of neuroprosthetics requires multidisciplinary teams, but these collaborators must meet on common ground to develop an understanding of the capabilities and limitations of each part of a bioengineering project. The Handbook of Neuroprosthetic Methods provides a comprehensive resource for the techniques, methodologies, and options available to properly design and undertake experiments within the field of neuroprosthetics. It combines the most commonly employed concepts, applications, and knowledge from the many disciplines associated with neuroprosthetic research to foster more effective, profitable, and productive collaborations. From basic neurophysiology to emerging technologies, this book provides a clear introduction to the entire range of neuroprosthetic systems. Each chapter includes background information, methodology, illustrative figures that clarify experimental methods, and tables that outline and compare experimental choices. The last part of each chapter provides practical applications and examples that relate the topic to the actual design and implementation of a neuroprosthetic system or device. Through its exploration of a variety of developmental processes, the book provides guidance on issues that have yet to be solved, strategies for solving such problems, and the pitfalls often encountered when developing neural prostheses. Whether you are new to or a veteran of the field, whether you work directly or indirectly with neuroprosthesis projects, the Handbook of Neuroprosthetic Methods provides an accessible common ground for all involved in neuroprosthetic design and research.

Handbook of Neuroprosthetic Methods

Handbook of Neuroprosthetic Methods

Author: Warren E. Finn

Publisher: CRC Press

ISBN: 9781420040876

Category: Medical

Page: 456

View: 620

Work in the field of neuroprosthetics requires multidisciplinary teams, but these collaborators must meet on common ground to develop an understanding of the capabilities and limitations of each part of a bioengineering project. The Handbook of Neuroprosthetic Methods provides a comprehensive resource for the techniques, methodologies, and options available to properly design and undertake experiments within the field of neuroprosthetics. It combines the most commonly employed concepts, applications, and knowledge from the many disciplines associated with neuroprosthetic research to foster more effective, profitable, and productive collaborations. From basic neurophysiology to emerging technologies, this book provides a clear introduction to the entire range of neuroprosthetic systems. Each chapter includes background information, methodology, illustrative figures that clarify experimental methods, and tables that outline and compare experimental choices. The last part of each chapter provides practical applications and examples that relate the topic to the actual design and implementation of a neuroprosthetic system or device. Through its exploration of a variety of developmental processes, the book provides guidance on issues that have yet to be solved, strategies for solving such problems, and the pitfalls often encountered when developing neural prostheses. Whether you are new to or a veteran of the field, whether you work directly or indirectly with neuroprosthesis projects, the Handbook of Neuroprosthetic Methods provides an accessible common ground for all involved in neuroprosthetic design and research.

The Handbook of Information Security for Advanced Neuroprosthetics

The Handbook of Information Security for Advanced Neuroprosthetics

Author: Matthew E. Gladden

Publisher: Synthypnion Academic

ISBN: 9781944373108

Category: Computers

Page: 324

View: 220

How does one ensure information security for a computer that is entangled with the structures and processes of a human brain – and for the human mind that is interconnected with such a device? The need to provide information security for neuroprosthetic devices grows more pressing as increasing numbers of people utilize therapeutic technologies such as cochlear implants, retinal prostheses, robotic prosthetic limbs, and deep brain stimulation devices. Moreover, emerging neuroprosthetic technologies for human enhancement are expected to increasingly transform their human users’ sensory, motor, and cognitive capacities in ways that generate new ‘posthumanized’ sociotechnological realities. In this context, it is essential not only to ensure the information security of such neuroprostheses themselves but – more importantly – to ensure the psychological and physical health, autonomy, and personal identity of the human beings whose cognitive processes are inextricably linked with such devices. InfoSec practitioners must not only guard against threats to the confidentiality and integrity of data stored within a neuroprosthetic device’s internal memory; they must also guard against threats to the confidentiality and integrity of thoughts, memories, and desires existing within the mind the of the device’s human host. This second edition of The Handbook of Information Security for Advanced Neuroprosthetics updates the previous edition’s comprehensive investigation of these issues from both theoretical and practical perspectives. It provides an introduction to the current state of neuroprosthetics and expected future trends in the field, along with an introduction to fundamental principles of information security and an analysis of how they must be re-envisioned to address the unique challenges posed by advanced neuroprosthetics. A two-dimensional cognitional security framework is presented whose security goals are designed to protect a device’s human host in his or her roles as a sapient metavolitional agent, embodied embedded organism, and social and economic actor. Practical consideration is given to information security responsibilities and roles within an organizational context and to the application of preventive, detective, and corrective or compensating security controls to neuroprosthetic devices, their host-device systems, and the larger supersystems in which they operate. Finally, it is shown that while implantable neuroprostheses create new kinds of security vulnerabilities and risks, they may also serve to enhance the information security of some types of human hosts (such as those experiencing certain neurological conditions).

Using the Engineering Literature

Using the Engineering Literature

Author: Bonnie A. Osif

Publisher: CRC Press

ISBN: 9780203966167

Category: Language Arts & Disciplines

Page: 636

View: 623

The field of engineering is becoming increasingly interdisciplinary, and there is an ever-growing need for engineers to investigate engineering and scientific resources outside their own area of expertise. However, studies have shown that quality information-finding skills often tend to be lacking in the engineering profession. Using the Engineerin

Neuroprosthetics: Theory And Practice (Second Edition)

Neuroprosthetics: Theory And Practice (Second Edition)

Author: Horch Kenneth W

Publisher: World Scientific

ISBN: 9789813207165

Category: Technology & Engineering

Page: 936

View: 452

This is an updated and abridged edition of the original volume published in 2004. Like its predecessor it is targeted for students of bioengineering, biomedical engineering, applied physiology, biological cybernetics and related fields; for engineers and scientists who have an interest in neuroprosthetics; and for medical practitioners using products of that field. The practice of neuroprosthetics requires a fundamental understanding of the anatomy and physiology of the nervous system, mathematical neurobiology, material science, electrochemistry, and electrophysiology. The text assumes some familiarity with basic anatomy, physiology, calculus, electrophysiology and bioinstrumentation, which typically are covered in undergraduate and first year graduate bioengineering curricula. These areas are also reviewed here, with the aim of consolidating principles fundamental to understanding the field. With that as background, the book then presents an overview of the field with detailed emphasis in selected areas of neural interfaces and neuroprostheses. The covered topics provide readers with sufficient information to understand the theory, rationale, design, and functioning of neuroprosthetic devices currently in clinical use and under development. The current volume is shorter than its predecessor. This has been achieved by reducing some of the repetition present in certain chapters of the earlier edition and eliminating a few chapters whose topics are now well covered in review literature readily available on the internet and elsewhere. Two chapters have been retained in their original versions to provide important background material, but the remaining chapters have either been revised by their original authors or replaced by new versions written by different authors. In addition new topics have been added to the section on existing systems.

Handbook of Neuroengineering

Handbook of Neuroengineering

Author: Nitish V. Thakor

Publisher: Springer Nature

ISBN: 9789811655401

Category: Technology & Engineering

Page: 3686

View: 646

This Handbook serves as an authoritative reference book in the field of Neuroengineering. Neuroengineering is a very exciting field that is rapidly getting established as core subject matter for research and education. The Neuroengineering field has also produced an impressive array of industry products and clinical applications. It also serves as a reference book for graduate students, research scholars and teachers. Selected sections or a compendium of chapters may be used as “reference book” for a one or two semester graduate course in Biomedical Engineering. Some academicians will construct a “textbook” out of selected sections or chapters. The Handbook is also meant as a state-of-the-art volume for researchers. Due to its comprehensive coverage, researchers in one field covered by a certain section of the Handbook would find other sections valuable sources of cross-reference for information and fertilization of interdisciplinary ideas. Industry researchers as well as clinicians using neurotechnologies will find the Handbook a single source for foundation and state-of-the-art applications in the field of Neuroengineering. Regulatory agencies, entrepreneurs, investors and legal experts can use the Handbook as a reference for their professional work as well.​

Neuroprosthetic Supersystems Architecture

Neuroprosthetic Supersystems Architecture

Author: Matthew E. Gladden

Publisher: Synthypnion Academic

ISBN: 9781944373085

Category: Business & Economics

Page: 312

View: 723

This volume serves a resource for the design and analysis of neuroprosthetic supersystems, which can be defined as organizations – either small or large, simple or complex – whose human members have been neuroprosthetically augmented. While numerous other texts focus on the biomedical engineering of neuroprostheses as technological devices or on the biocybernetic engineering of the host-device system comprising a neuroprosthesis and its human host, this volume presents a unique investigation of the intentional creation of higher-order supersystems that allow multiple neuroprosthetically augmented human beings to interact with one another and with external information systems in order to accomplish some shared task. In essence, this can be understood as the work of designing and managing neuroprosthetically enhanced organizations. Individual chapters present an ontology of the neuroprosthesis as a computing device; a biocybernetic ontology of the host-device system; an ontology of the neuroprosthesis as an instrument of ‘cyborgization’; motivating and inhibiting factors for the organizational deployment of posthumanizing neuroprostheses by military organizations and other early adopters; an introduction to enterprise architecture in the context of technological posthumanization; an exploration of the implications of neuroprosthetic augmentation for enterprise architecture; and considerations for the development of effective network topologies for neuroprosthetically augmented organizations. The conceptual frameworks formulated within this book offer a wide range of tools that can be of use to policymakers, ethicists, neuroprosthetic device manufacturers, organizational decision-makers, and others who must analyze or manage the complex legal, ethical, and managerial implications that result from the use of emerging neuroprosthetic technologies within an organizational context.

Neuroprosthetics

Neuroprosthetics

Author: Kenneth W Horch

Publisher: World Scientific

ISBN: 9789814488419

Category: Medical

Page: 1288

View: 131

Neuroprosthetics is an area of intense scientific and clinical interest and rapid progress. Since the introduction of the cardiac pacemaker in 1932, we have seen developments that include cochlear prostheses, techniques for bladder and bowel control, deep brain stimulation, and restoration of mobility and respiration to paralyzed individuals. The chapters in this book have been contributed by authors who are recognized internationally in their fields. The result is a comprehensive and up-to-date review that will be invaluable to graduate students, clinicians and researchers in neuroprosthetics. It is broadly divided into three sections: Section 1 provides a core of knowledge that forms a foundation for the rest of the book, and covers the basics of neuroanatomy and neurophysiology, biomaterials and biocompatibility, stimulation and recording techniques; Section 2 describes current clinical applications of neuroprosthetics; Section 3 looks at future developments in the field. Contents:Neuroanatomy and Physiology:Passive Models of Excitable Cells (J J Struijk)Peripheral Nervous System (K W Horch & P R Burgess)Anatomy and Physiology of the Central Nervous System (V K Mushahwar, T Hanania, J Ingram, K E Jones, S K Patrick & K W Horch)Autonomic Nervous System (G S Dhillon & K W Horch)Skeletal Muscle (S Salmons)Voluntary Motor Control (R R Riso)The Visual System as a Neuroprosthesis Substrate: Anatomy, Physiology, Function (G Dagnelie & E Margalit)The Auditory System (R K Shepherd)Neuroplasticity (P A Celnik, M J Makley, E Fridman & L G Cohen)Spinal Plasticity (V Pikov)Extracellular Stimulation and Recording:Electrical Stimulation of the Peripheral Nervous System: Biophysics and Excitation Properties (W M Grill)The Theory of Peripheral Nerve Recording (K Yoshida & J Struijk)Central Nervous System Stimulation (F Rattay)The Theory of Central Nervous System Recording (S Shoham & S Nagarajan)Materials for Stimulation and Recording:Electrode Materials for Recording and Stimulation (T Stieglitz)Insulating Biomaterials (D J Edell)Vapor Deposition of Biopassivation Coatings for Neuroprostheses (S K Murthy, D J Edell & K K Gleason)Tissue Reaction to Electrodes: The Problem of Safe and Effective Stimulation of Neural Tissue (D McCreery)Peripheral Stimulation and Recording:Functional Adaptation of Skeletal Muscle and Its Application to Cardiac Assistance (E Monnet & S Salmons)Peripheral Nerve and Muscle Stimulation (J T Mortimer & N Bhadra)Peripheral Nerve Recording Electrodes and Techniques (K Yoshida & R Riso)Central Stimulation and Recording:Neural Stimulation Electrodes: Geometric Factors (D J Anderson & J Weiland)CNS Recording Electrodes and Techniques (D R Kipke, D S Pellinen & P J Rousche)Spinal Cord and Rootlets (A Prochazka & V K Mushahwar)Existing FES Systems:Control Issues for Motor Neuroprostheses (D B Popovic)Upper and Lower Extremity Motor Neuroprostheses (K L Kilgore & R F Kirsch)Cochlear Implants (P M Seligman & R K Shepherd)Neuromodulation and Other Electrostimulatory Techniques (P E V Van Kerrebroeck)Deep Brain Stimulation (E B Montgomery Jr. & K B Baker)Neural Recording on Close Spaced Arrays (D J Anderson)Respiratory Muscle Stimulation in Patients with Spinal Cord Injury (A F DiMarco)Future FES Systems:The Future of Motor Neuroprostheses (R F Kirsch & K L Kilgore)Challenges to Developing a Neurally Controlled Upper Limb Prosthesis (G S Dhillon & S Meek)Spinal Cord Stimulation for Restoring Lower Extremity Function (V K Mushahwar & A Prochazka)Emerging FES Applications for Control of the Urinary Bladder (N J M Rijkhoff)Can Vision be Restored by Electrical Stimulation? (E Margalit, G Dagnelie, J D Weiland, E de Juan, Jr. & M S Humayun)Central Auditory Prostheses (R K Shepherd)Vestibular Prosthetics (D M Merfeld & R D Rabbitt)Brain-Computer-Interfaces for Verbal Communication (N Birbaumer, U Strehl & T Hinterberger)Design Principles of a Neuromotor Prosthetic Device (M Serruya & J Donoghue)Next Generation of Cortical Devices (P J Rousche & D R Kipke)Regulatory Issues:Biocompatibility of Neuroprotheses (Jeffery R Nelson & Jerry R Nelson) Readership: Graduate students, academics, researchers and clinicians in biomedical engineering/bioengineering, neurobiology, neurology/neuroscience and human physiology. Keywords:

Emerging Theory and Practice in Neuroprosthetics

Emerging Theory and Practice in Neuroprosthetics

Author: Naik, Ganesh R.

Publisher: IGI Global

ISBN: 9781466660953

Category: Medical

Page: 377

View: 943

Neuroprosthetics is a fast-growing area that brings together the fields of biomedical engineering and neuroscience as a means to interface the neural system directly to prostheses. Advancing research and applications in this field can assist in successfully restoring motor, sensory, and cognitive functions. Emerging Theory and Practice in Neuroprosthetics brings together the most up-to-date research surrounding neuroprosthetics advances and applications. Presenting several new results, concepts, and further developments in the area of neuroprosthetics, this book is an essential publication for researchers, upper-level students, engineers, and medical practitioners.

Implantable Neuroprostheses for Restoring Function

Implantable Neuroprostheses for Restoring Function

Author: Kevin Kilgore

Publisher: Elsevier

ISBN: 9781782421092

Category: Medical

Page: 456

View: 237

Research and developments in neuroprostheses are providing scientists with the potential to greatly improve the lives of individuals who have lost some function. Neuroprostheses can help restore or substitute motor and sensory functions which may have been damaged as a result of injury or disease. However, these minute implantable sensors also provide scientists with challenges. This important new book provides readers with a comprehensive review of neuroprostheses. Chapters in part one are concerned with the fundamentals of these devices. Part two looks at neuroprostheses for restoring sensory function whilst part three addresses neuroprostheses for restoring motor function. The final set of chapters discusses significant considerations concerning these sensors. Systematic and comprehensive coverage of neuroprostheses Covers the fundamentals of neuroprostheses, their application in restoring sensory and motor function and an analysis of the future trends Keen focus on industry needs in the field of biomaterials

Using the Engineering Literature, Second Edition

Using the Engineering Literature, Second Edition

Author: Bonnie A. Osif

Publisher: CRC Press

ISBN: 9781439850022

Category: Technology & Engineering

Page: 602

View: 162

With the encroachment of the Internet into nearly all aspects of work and life, it seems as though information is everywhere. However, there is information and then there is correct, appropriate, and timely information. While we might love being able to turn to Wikipedia® for encyclopedia-like information or search Google® for the thousands of links on a topic, engineers need the best information, information that is evaluated, up-to-date, and complete. Accurate, vetted information is necessary when building new skyscrapers or developing new prosthetics for returning military veterans While the award-winning first edition of Using the Engineering Literature used a roadmap analogy, we now need a three-dimensional analysis reflecting the complex and dynamic nature of research in the information age. Using the Engineering Literature, Second Edition provides a guide to the wide range of resources available in all fields of engineering. This second edition has been thoroughly revised and features new sections on nanotechnology as well as green engineering. The information age has greatly impacted the way engineers find information. Engineers have an effect, directly and indirectly, on almost all aspects of our lives, and it is vital that they find the right information at the right time to create better products and processes. Comprehensive and up to date, with expert chapter authors, this book fills a gap in the literature, providing critical information in a user-friendly format.

Information and Technology Literacy: Concepts, Methodologies, Tools, and Applications

Information and Technology Literacy: Concepts, Methodologies, Tools, and Applications

Author: Management Association, Information Resources

Publisher: IGI Global

ISBN: 9781522534181

Category: Computers

Page: 2349

View: 437

People currently live in a digital age in which technology is now a ubiquitous part of society. It has become imperative to develop and maintain a comprehensive understanding of emerging innovations and technologies. Information and Technology Literacy: Concepts, Methodologies, Tools, and Applications is an authoritative reference source for the latest scholarly research on techniques, trends, and opportunities within the areas of digital literacy. Highlighting a wide range of topics and concepts such as social media, professional development, and educational applications, this multi-volume book is ideally designed for academics, technology developers, researchers, students, practitioners, and professionals interested in the importance of understanding technological innovations.