This textbook is intended for a one-semester course in corrosion science at the graduate or advanced undergraduate level. The approach is that of a physical chemist or materials scientist, and the text is geared toward students of chemistry, materials science, and engineering. This textbook should also be useful to practicing corrosion engineers or materials engineers who wish to enhance their understanding of the fundamental principles of corrosion science. It is assumed that the student or reader does not have a background in electrochemistry. However, the student or reader should have taken at least an undergraduate course in materials science or physical chemistry. More material is presented in the textbook than can be covered in a one-semester course, so the book is intended for both the classroom and as a source book for further use. This book grew out of classroom lectures which the author presented between 1982 and the present while a professorial lecturer at George Washington University, Washington, DC, where he organized and taught a graduate course on “Environmental Effects on Materials.” Additional material has been provided by over 30 years of experience in corrosion research, largely at the Naval Research Laboratory, Washington, DC and also at the Bethlehem Steel Company, Bethlehem, PA and as a Robert A. Welch Postdoctoral Fellow at the University of Texas. The text emphasizes basic principles of corrosion science which underpin extensions to practice.
This Fourth Edition presents an updated overview of the essential aspects of corrosion science and engineering that underpin the tools and technologies used for managing corrosion, enhancing reliability, and preventing failures. Select features of this new edition include: expanded discussions on electrochemical polarization, predicting corrosion using thermodynamics, steel reinforcements in concrete, and applications of corrosion control technologies in various industries; and a stronger emphasis on environmental concerns and regulations in the context of their impact on corrosion engineering.
The classic book on corrosion science and engineering—now in a valuable new edition The ability to prevent failures by managing corrosion is one of the main global challengesof the twenty-first century. However, most practicing engineers and technologists have only a basic understanding of how they can actively participate in this urgent economic and environmental issue. Now, students and professionals can turn to this newly revised edition of the trusted Corrosion and Corrosion Control for coverage of the latest developments in the field, including advances in knowledge, new alloys for corrosion control, and industry developments in response to public demand. This Fourth Edition presents an updated overview of the essential aspects of corrosion science and engineering that underpin the tools and technologies used for managing corrosion, enhancing reliability, and preventing failures. Although the basic organization of the book remains unchanged from the previous edition, this new update includes: An introduction to new topics, including the element of risk management in corrosion engineering and new advanced alloys for controlling corrosion Expanded discussions on electrochemical polarization, predicting corrosion using thermodynamics, steel reinforcements in concrete, and applications of corrosion control technologies in automotive, nuclear, and other industries A stronger emphasis on environmental concerns and regulations in the context of their impact on corrosion engineering A discussion of the challenge of reliability in nuclear reactors; stainless steels; the concept of critical pitting temperature; and information on critical pitting potential (CPP) Complemented with numerous examples to help illustrate important points, Corrosion and Corrosion Control, Fourth Edition enables readers to fully understand corrosion and its control and, in turn, help reduce massive economic and environmental loss. It is a must-read for advanced undergraduates and graduate students in engineering and materials science courses, as well as for engineers, technologists, researchers, and other professionals who need information on this timely topic.
Corrosion of nuclear materials, i.e. the interaction between these materials and their environments, is a major issue for plant safety as well as for operation and economic competitiveness. Understanding these corrosion mechanisms, the systems and materials they affect, and the methods to accurately measure their incidence is of critical importance to the nuclear industry. Combining assessment techniques and analytical models into this understanding allows operators to predict the service life of corrosion-affected nuclear plant materials, and to apply the most appropriate maintenance and mitigation options to ensure safe long term operation. This book critically reviews the fundamental corrosion mechanisms that affect nuclear power plants and facilities. Initial sections introduce the complex field of nuclear corrosion science, with detailed chapters on the different types of both aqueous and non aqueous corrosion mechanisms and the nuclear materials susceptible to attack from them. This is complemented by reviews of monitoring and control methodologies, as well as modelling and lifetime prediction approaches. Given that corrosion is an applied science, the final sections review corrosion issues across the range of current and next-generation nuclear reactors, and across such nuclear applications as fuel reprocessing facilities, radioactive waste storage and geological disposal systems. With its distinguished editor and international team of expert contributors, Nuclear corrosion science and engineering is an invaluable reference for nuclear metallurgists, materials scientists and engineers, as well as nuclear facility operators, regulators and consultants, and researchers and academics in this field. Comprehensively reviews the fundamental corrosion mechanisms that affect nuclear power plants and facilities Chapters assess different types of both aqueous and non aqueous corrosion mechanisms and the nuclear materials susceptible to attack from them Considers monitoring and control methodologies, as well as modelling and lifetime prediction approaches
Damage from corrosion costs billions of dollars per year. Controlling corrosion requires a fundamental, in-depth understanding of the mechanisms and phenomena involved, and this understanding is best achieved through advanced analytical methods. The first book to treat both surface analytical and electrochemical techniques in a single reference, Analytical Methods in Corrosion Science and Engineering equips you with hands-on tools for solving corrosion problems and improving corrosion resistance. The book begins with the major surface analytical techniques, their principles, instrumentation, and the exact nature of the information derived from their measurements. Individual chapters are devoted to electron spectroscopy, ion analytical methods, nanoprobes, synchrotron methods, infrared spectroscopy, and glow discharge optical emission spectroscopy followed by recent developments in the application of radiotracer methods, nanoscratching, and nanoindentation. Coverage then moves to electrochemical techniques, beginning with an introduction to electrochemical instrumentation that reveals the requirements for accurate and meaningful measurements as well as potential errors and how to avoid them. The authors provide a thorough background of each technique and illustrate its use for a variety of corrosion systems, in many cases using examples of practical industrial applications. Contributed by a team of prominent experts from major universities and national research laboratories around the world, Analytical Methods in Corrosion Science and Engineering is the most comprehensive guide available for investigating surface corrosion.
The advent of Industry 4.0 has opened a data-rich avenue of predicting and controlling premature degradation of industrial materials. For any industrial construction or manufacturing projects, performing analysis on the structural integrity of materials is crucial for their sustainability. Corrosion Science: Modern Trends and Applications gives scholars a snapshot of recent contributions and development in the field of material corrosion. The book presents 12 chapters that cover topics such as corrosion testing methods, anti-corrosive coating mechanisms, corrosion in different types of products (electronics, polymers), industrial systems (power plants, concrete constructions, and hydraulic systems), and corrosion as a result of environmental characteristics (such as marine surroundings). The breadth of topics covered coupled with the reader-friendly presentation of the book make it highly beneficial for students, research scholars, faculty members, and R&D specialists working in the area of corrosion science, material science, solid-state science, chemical engineering, and nanotechnology. Readers will be equipped with the knowledge to understand and plan industrial processes that involve measuring the reliability and integrity of material structures which are impacted by corrosive factors.
Inorganic Anticorrosive Materials (IAMs): Past, Present, and Future Perspectives covers the anticorrosive effects of?inorganic materials and metal?oxides in particular. The book?presents?the?latest?developments?in corrosion inhibition and?discusses?future opportunities.?It?also addresses?the fundamental characteristics, synthesis, inhibition mechanisms,?and applications of?metal oxides as?corrosion inhibitors in industry?and provides a chronological overview of the growth of the field.?The book concludes with discussions about commercialization and economics. This book is an indispensable reference for scholars, chemical engineers, chemists, and materials scientists working in research and development and in academia who require comprehensive knowledge of corrosion-inhibition mechanisms. Utilizes metal oxides as corrosion inhibitors for usage in modern industrial platforms Evaluates corrosion inhibitors as prime options for sustainable and transformational opportunities Provides up-to-date reference materials, including websites of interest and information about ongoing research
This book describes the origin, use, and limitations of electrochemical phase diagrams, testing schemes for active, passive, and localized corrosion, the development and electrochemical characterization of passivity, and methods in process alteration, failure prediction, and materials selection. It offers useful guidelines for assessing the efficacy of corrosion inhibitors and coatings for metals and alloys, developing effective corrosion prediction models, calculating the corrosion rates of various materials, determining the resistance of alloys to pitting and crevice corrosion, and considering current and potential distribution effects on corrosion.
The purpose of this book is to stimulate thinking among corrosion scientists and engineers to examine corrosion mechanisms and corro sion control from another perspective. While the presence of corro sion films in electrochemical corrosion has been recognized for over a century, the contribution of these films to all facets of corrosion has not been explored to a significant degree. Rather the role of films in certain mechanisms (i.e., stress corrosion cracking) has been empha sized, yet almost ignored for other corrosion mechanisms. This is viewed by the author as solely attributable to the lack of investigation into, and an understanding of, the contribution of films to these mech anisms or forms of attack. The lack of emphasis and study of corrosion films and their contribution to all forms of corrosion attack are probably the result of current university instruction that utilizes two popular corrosion texts (Uhlig and Fontana and Greene) for teaching. These texts provide an excellent understanding at the undergraduate level of corrosion funda mentals; however, the major implicit premise in these texts is that bulk properties of an alloy or metal control the corrosion resistance in a particular environment. For many applications and for a simple under standing of corrosion mechanics, this approach is sufficient. Yet, research on corrosion films indicate these films often have an entirely different composition than the bulk metal (ratio of alloying elements).
This textbook discusses the latest advances in the corrosion of metals and related protection methods, and explores all corrosion-related aspects used in natural and industrial environments, including monitoring and testing. Throughout the textbook, the science and engineering of corrosion are merged to help readers perform correct corrosion assessments in both the design phase and plant management phase, and to define the optimal protection technique. In addition, the book addresses basic aspects of corrosion science, including the electrochemical mechanism, thermodynamic and kinetic aspects, the use of Pourbaix and Evans diagrams, and various forms of corrosion (from uniform to localised to stress corrosion phenomena); as well as the protection systems adopted to combat corrosion, including inhibitors, coatings and cathodic protection. Such basic knowledge is fundamental to understanding the “corrosion engineering” approach applied to the durability of metals immersed in water, buried in soil, exposed to the atmosphere, used in reinforced concrete, in the human body and in petrochemical plants, or at risk of high-temperature corrosion. A final chapter is dedicated to the use of statistics in corrosion. All chapters include exercises and practical examples to help students understand, predict, evaluate and mitigate corrosion problems. As such, the book offers the ideal learning resource for all students of corrosion courses in chemical, mechanical, energy and materials engineering at the graduate and advanced undergraduate level, as well as a valuable reference guide for engineers whose work involves real-world applications.