Knowledge Flows, Technological Change and Regional Growth in the European Union

Knowledge Flows, Technological Change and Regional Growth in the European Union

Author: Małgorzata Runiewicz-Wardyn

Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media

ISBN: 9783319003429

Category: Business & Economics

Page: 231

View: 671

The book provides conceptual and empirical insights into the complex relationship between knowledge flows and regional growth in the EU. The author critically scrutinizes and enhances the RIS (Regional Innovation System) approach, discussing innovation as a technological, institutional and evolutionary process. Moreover, she advances the ongoing discourse on the role of space and technological proximity in the process of innovation and technological externalities. The book closes with an investigation of the role of technological change and knowledge spillovers in the dynamic growth and “catching-up” of EU regions. ​

Innovation and Regional Growth in the European Union

Innovation and Regional Growth in the European Union

Author: Riccardo Crescenzi

Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media

ISBN: 9783642177613

Category: Business & Economics

Page: 218

View: 147

This book investigates the EU’s regional growth dynamics and, in particular, the reasons why peripheral and socio-economically disadvantaged areas have persistently failed to catch up with the rest of the Union. It shows that the capability of the knowledge-based growth model to deliver its expected benefits to these areas crucially depends on tackling a specific set of socio-institutional factors which prevents innovation from being effectively translated into economic growth. The book takes an eclectic approach to the territorial genesis of innovation and regional growth by combining different theoretical strands into one model of empirical analysis covering the whole EU-25. An in-depth comparative analysis with the United States is also included, providing significant insights into the distinctive features of the European process of innovation and its territorial determinants. The evidence produced in the book is extensively applied to the analysis of EU development policies.

Knowledge Spillovers and Economic Growth

Knowledge Spillovers and Economic Growth

Author: Marjolein C. J. Caniëls

Publisher: Edward Elgar Publishing

ISBN: STANFORD:36105025149167

Category: Business & Economics

Page: 201

View: 629

Caniels (Eindhoven U. of Technology, the Netherlands) implements concepts from geography into a technology-gap model in order to broaden the understanding of knowledge spillovers across space, and specifically the impact of local knowledge spillovers on regional growth. She begins by examining the literature on the diffusion of knowledge and constructing a methodological framework. Then she analyzes the influence of local knowledge spillovers on regional gaps, presents a model that gives an impression of these effects, and uses computer simulations to demonstrate the implications of the model. Finally she deals with the current situation in Europe using empirical analysis to demonstrate regional gaps and differences in economic and innovative activity across regions. Annotation copyrighted by Book News, Inc., Portland, OR

Open Innovation Ecosystem and Open Innovation Collaboration from the Perspective of the Polish High-Tech and Knowledge-Intensive Small and Medium-Sized Enterprises

Open Innovation Ecosystem and Open Innovation Collaboration from the Perspective of the Polish High-Tech and Knowledge-Intensive Small and Medium-Sized Enterprises

Author: Małgorzata Runiewicz-Wardyn

Publisher: Akademia Leona Kozminskiego

ISBN: 9788381753548

Category: Business & Economics

Page: 145

View: 183

This monograph shares the latest empirical insights and knowledge about attitudes towards open innovations, as well as drivers and barriers of open innovation collaboration from the perspective of the Polish and knowledge-intensive SMEs sector. The introduction is followed by a presentation of the theoretical and conceptual framework of the open innovation paradigm, open innovation ecosystem and its major dimensions. The next section focuses on the specific features of high-tech and knowledge-intensive SMEs and their innovative collaboration with key stakeholders (with firms, academia, public authorities, end users etc.) as well as the problem of knowledge sharing. Section three presents the dynamics, structure and development of the selected R&D and knowledge-intensive industries in Poland. It introduces the specifics of four selected sectors: biotechnological and pharmaceutical sectors, electronics and computer industries, the chemical industry, as well as the media, publishing and printing industries, from the global perspective as well as that of the Polish market perspectives. Finally, chapter four presents the results of the research survey conducted on the Polish market. It provides insights on major drivers and barriers of open innovation in a high and medium-high tech SMEs, as well as the description of attitudes, behaviours and experiences observed in this group of entrepreneurs. The monograph ends with conclusions and policy implications.

Handbook of Regional Growth and Development Theories

Handbook of Regional Growth and Development Theories

Author: Roberta Capello

Publisher: Edward Elgar Publishing

ISBN: 9781788970020

Category: Social Science

Page: 688

View: 729

Regional economics – an established discipline for several decades – has undergone a period of rapid change in the last ten years resulting in the emergence of several new perspectives. At the same time the methodology of regional economics has also experienced some surprising developments. This fully revised and updated Handbook brings together contributions looking at new pathways in regional economics, written by many well-known international scholars. The aim is to present the most cutting-edge theories explaining regional growth and local development. The authors highlight the recent advances in theories, the normative potentialities of these theories and the cross-fertilization of ideas between regional and mainstream economists. It will be an essential source of reference and information for both scholars and students in the field.

Challenges, Performances and Tendencies in Organisation Management

Challenges, Performances and Tendencies in Organisation Management

Author: Ovidiu Nicolescu

Publisher: World Scientific

ISBN: 9789814656023

Category: Business & Economics

Page: 444

View: 304

International management and cultural diversity -- Sustainable development and business sustainability -- University governance and management -- Knowledge-based organization, intellectual capital, information and management documents -- Entrepreneurship, social enterprise and smes -- Leadership and human resources management -- Management of change, innovation and quality.

Handbook of Regions and Competitiveness

Handbook of Regions and Competitiveness

Author: Robert Huggins

Publisher: Edward Elgar Publishing

ISBN: 9781783475018

Category:

Page: 592

View: 850

The aim of this Handbook is to take stock of regional competitiveness and complementary concepts as a means of presenting a state-of-the-art discussion of the contemporary theories, perspectives and empirical explanations that help make sense of the determinants of uneven development across regions. Drawing on an international field of leading scholars, the book is assembled and organized so that readers can first learn about the theoretical underpinnings of regional competitiveness and development theory, before moving on to deeper discussions of key factors and principal elements, the emergence of allied concepts, empirical applications, and the policy context.

Growth and Innovation of Competitive Regions

Growth and Innovation of Competitive Regions

Author: Ugo Fratesi

Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media

ISBN: 9783540709244

Category: Business & Economics

Page: 368

View: 958

Time Time b a Space Space Time Time c d Space Space Fig. 1 Different possible scales for growth and innovation analyses spatial dimension, the sectoral dimension and the time dimension are represented. In Fig. 1a, regional developmentanalyses are revealed, where the economyis sliced vertically into regions and their dynamics are investigated. The study of the evolution of industries, typical of evolutionary industrial e- nomics, is represented in Fig. 1b, where the economy is divided horizontally into sectoral slices. This approach has progressed considerably in recent years (see Malerba 2006, for a recent survey). Modi?cations of industries have important spatial implications, which however are not normally at the core of these ana- ses even though spatial patterns of innovation differ greatly from sector to sector (Breschi 2000). Our approach operates in the manner of Fig. 1a and we will focus on regions, extending the analysis to industries only where this is regionally and structurally relevant. Hence, the approach in the book belongs to the tradition of regional development theories, but, in contrast to the more traditional analyses, we will not consider the region as an economic unit per se. Rather, interactions between and within regions are very relevant to the performance of individual regions in an integrated world and will be at the core of the analyses of the following chapters.

Knowledge Flows in National Systems of Innovation

Knowledge Flows in National Systems of Innovation

Author: Roberto E. López

Publisher: Edward Elgar Pub

ISBN: UCSD:31822029877487

Category: Business & Economics

Page: 330

View: 690

Uses new empirical evidence to propose an integrated approach for achieving strong industrial and technological capabilities to form the basis for regional and national economic development. Draws on the experiences of European and Latin American countries to show that sociotechnical constituencies play a crucial role in innovation-based economic development at both regional and national levels. Discussion integrates long-standing debates on areas such as agency structure and micro-meso-macro analysis. Lopez-Martinez is affiliated with the National University of Mexico. Piccaluga is affiliated with the University of Lecce. Annotation copyrighted by Book News Inc., Portland, OR

Regional Disparities in the Enlarged European Union

Regional Disparities in the Enlarged European Union

Author: Valentina Meliciani

Publisher: Routledge

ISBN: 9781317806646

Category: Business & Economics

Page: 190

View: 627

The last twenty years have seen an increase in European integration and the emergence of the technological revolution. Although tighter integration coupled with technological innovation should facilitate cross-regional convergence, some European regions have managed to jump ahead while others have been left behind. This book examines the regional characteristics that favour growth and analyses the relevance of innovation, socio-economic and structural factors in shaping regional economic disparities. In this book, particular attention is devoted to the EU enlargement towards the East, to its consequences on Europe’s traditional North-South divide, and to the increasing regional disparities in new member states after the transition. It demonstrates the growing importance of innovation and human capital in explaining the increase in income and employment disparities in old EU members, particularly after the 2008 financial crisis. It also shows that for newcomers, regional disparities are essentially linked to socio-economic factors as capital regions approach Western standards, while others - mainly old industrial regions and peripheral ones - lag behind. This book integrates theoretical discussion with empirical evidence and will appeal to regional scientists interested in regional inequalities, and to policy makers concerned with devising effective strategies to tackle regional disparities in Europe.