Markov Random Fields for Vision and Image Processing

Markov Random Fields for Vision and Image Processing

Author: Andrew Blake

Publisher: MIT Press

ISBN: 9780262015776

Category: Computers

Page: 472

View: 238

State-of-the-art research on MRFs, successful MRF applications, and advanced topics for future study. This volume demonstrates the power of the Markov random field (MRF) in vision, treating the MRF both as a tool for modeling image data and, utilizing recently developed algorithms, as a means of making inferences about images. These inferences concern underlying image and scene structure as well as solutions to such problems as image reconstruction, image segmentation, 3D vision, and object labeling. It offers key findings and state-of-the-art research on both algorithms and applications. After an introduction to the fundamental concepts used in MRFs, the book reviews some of the main algorithms for performing inference with MRFs; presents successful applications of MRFs, including segmentation, super-resolution, and image restoration, along with a comparison of various optimization methods; discusses advanced algorithmic topics; addresses limitations of the strong locality assumptions in the MRFs discussed in earlier chapters; and showcases applications that use MRFs in more complex ways, as components in bigger systems or with multiterm energy functions. The book will be an essential guide to current research on these powerful mathematical tools.

Markov Random Field Modeling in Image Analysis

Markov Random Field Modeling in Image Analysis

Author: Stan Z. Li

Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media

ISBN: 9781848002791

Category: Computers

Page: 362

View: 167

Markov random field (MRF) theory provides a basis for modeling contextual constraints in visual processing and interpretation. It enables us to develop optimal vision algorithms systematically when used with optimization principles. This book presents a comprehensive study on the use of MRFs for solving computer vision problems. Various vision models are presented in a unified framework, including image restoration and reconstruction, edge and region segmentation, texture, stereo and motion, object matching and recognition, and pose estimation. This third edition includes the most recent advances and has new and expanded sections on topics such as: Bayesian Network; Discriminative Random Fields; Strong Random Fields; Spatial-Temporal Models; Learning MRF for Classification. This book is an excellent reference for researchers working in computer vision, image processing, statistical pattern recognition and applications of MRFs. It is also suitable as a text for advanced courses in these areas.

Energy Minimization Methods in Computer Vision and Pattern Recognition

Energy Minimization Methods in Computer Vision and Pattern Recognition

Author: Daniel Cremers

Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media

ISBN: 9783642036408

Category: Computers

Page: 494

View: 632

This book constitutes the refereed proceedings of the 7th International Conference on Energy Minimization Methods in Computer Vision and Pattern Recognition, EMMCVPR 2009, held in Bonn, Germany in August 2009. The 18 revised full papers, 18 poster papers and 3 keynote lectures presented were carefully reviewed and selected from 75 submissions. The papers are organized in topical sections on discrete optimization and Markov random fields, partial differential equations, segmentation and tracking, shape optimization and registration, inpainting and image denoising, color and texture and statistics and learning.

Markov Random Fields

Markov Random Fields

Author: Rama Chellappa

Publisher:

ISBN: UOM:39015029555748

Category: Mathematics

Page: 581

View: 251

Introduces the theory and application of Markov random fields in image processing/computer vision. Modelling images through the local interaction of Markov models produces algorithms for use in texture analysis, image synthesis, restoration, segmentation and surface reconstruction.

Markov Random Field Modeling in Computer Vision

Markov Random Field Modeling in Computer Vision

Author: S.Z. Li

Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media

ISBN: 9784431669333

Category: Computers

Page: 264

View: 104

Markov random field (MRF) modeling provides a basis for the characterization of contextual constraints on visual interpretation and enables us to develop optimal vision algorithms systematically based on sound principles. This book presents a comprehensive study on using MRFs to solve computer vision problems, covering the following parts essential to the subject: introduction to fundamental theories, formulations of various vision models in the MRF framework, MRF parameter estimation, and optimization algorithms. Various MRF vision models are presented in a unified form, including image restoration and reconstruction, edge and region segmentation, texture, stereo and motion, object matching and recognition, and pose estimation. This book is an excellent reference for researchers working in computer vision, image processing, pattern recognition and applications of MRFs. It is also suitable as a text for advanced courses in the subject.

Encyclopedia of Image Processing

Encyclopedia of Image Processing

Author: Phillip A. Laplante

Publisher: CRC Press

ISBN: 9781351032728

Category: Technology & Engineering

Page: 856

View: 781

The Encyclopedia of Image Processing presents a vast collection of well-written articles covering image processing fundamentals (e.g. color theory, fuzzy sets, cryptography) and applications (e.g. geographic information systems, traffic analysis, forgery detection). Image processing advances have enabled many applications in healthcare, avionics, robotics, natural resource discovery, and defense, which makes this text a key asset for both academic and industrial libraries and applied scientists and engineers working in any field that utilizes image processing. Written by experts from both academia and industry, it is structured using the ACM Computing Classification System (CCS) first published in 1988, but most recently updated in 2012.

Stochastic Image Processing

Stochastic Image Processing

Author: Chee Sun Won

Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media

ISBN: 9781441988577

Category: Computers

Page: 166

View: 903

Stochastic Image Processing provides the first thorough treatment of Markov and hidden Markov random fields and their application to image processing. Although promoted as a promising approach for over thirty years, it has only been in the past few years that the theory and algorithms have developed to the point of providing useful solutions to old and new problems in image processing. Markov random fields are a multidimensional extension of Markov chains, but the generalization is complicated by the lack of a natural ordering of pixels in multidimensional spaces. Hidden Markov fields are a natural generalization of the hidden Markov models that have proved essential to the development of modern speech recognition, but again the multidimensional nature of the signals makes them inherently more complicated to handle. This added complexity contributed to the long time required for the development of successful methods and applications. This book collects together a variety of successful approaches to a complete and useful characterization of multidimensional Markov and hidden Markov models along with applications to image analysis. The book provides a survey and comparative development of an exciting and rapidly evolving field of multidimensional Markov and hidden Markov random fields with extensive references to the literature.

Image Textures and Gibbs Random Fields

Image Textures and Gibbs Random Fields

Author: Georgy L. Gimel'farb

Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media

ISBN: 9789401144612

Category: Computers

Page: 251

View: 977

Image analysis is one of the most challenging areas in today's computer sci ence, and image technologies are used in a host of applications. This book concentrates on image textures and presents novel techniques for their sim ulation, retrieval, and segmentation using specific Gibbs random fields with multiple pairwise interaction between signals as probabilistic image models. These models and techniques were developed mainly during the previous five years (in relation to April 1999 when these words were written). While scanning these pages you may notice that, in spite of long equa tions, the mathematical background is extremely simple. I have tried to avoid complex abstract constructions and give explicit physical (to be spe cific, "image-based") explanations to all the mathematical notions involved. Therefore it is hoped that the book can be easily read both by professionals and graduate students in computer science and electrical engineering who take an interest in image analysis and synthesis. Perhaps, mathematicians studying applications of random fields may find here some less traditional, and thus controversial, views and techniques.

Advances in Computer Vision and Information Technology

Advances in Computer Vision and Information Technology

Author: K. V. Kale

Publisher: I. K. International Pvt Ltd

ISBN: 9788189866747

Category: Computer vision

Page: 1688

View: 312

The latest trends in Information Technology represent a new intellectual paradigm for scientific exploration and visualization of scientific phenomena. The present treatise covers almost all the emerging technologies in the field. Academicians, engineers, industralists, scientists and researchers engaged in teaching, research and development of Computer Science and Information Technology will find the book useful for their future academic and research work. The present treatise comprising 225 articles broadly covers the following topics exhaustively. 01. Advance Networking and Security/Wireless Networking/Cyber Laws 02. Advance Software Computing 03. Artificial Intelligence/Natural Language Processing/ Neural Networks 04. Bioinformatics/Biometrics 05. Data Mining/E-Commerce/E-Learning 06. Image Processing, Content Based Image Retrieval, Medical and Bio-Medical Imaging, Wavelets 07. Information Processing/Audio and Text Processing/Cryptology, Steganography and Digital Watermarking 08. Pattern Recognition/Machine Vision/Image Motion, Video Processing 09. Signal Processing and Communication/Remote Sensing 10. Speech Processing & Recognition, Human Computer Interaction 11. Information and Communication Technology

Spatial Computing: Issues in Vision, Multimedia and Visualization Technologies

Spatial Computing: Issues in Vision, Multimedia and Visualization Technologies

Author: T Caelli

Publisher: World Scientific

ISBN: 9789814497923

Category: Computers

Page: 336

View: 418

This book is the result of a special workshop on Spatial Computing which brought together experts in computer vision, visualization, multimedia and geographic information systems to discuss common problems and applications. The common theme of the workshop was the need to integrate human perception and domain knowledge with developing representations and solutions to problems which necessarily involve the interpretation of sensed data. The overwhelming conclusion was that these different areas of spatial computing should be communicating more than is done at present and that such workshops and publications would help this process. Contents:Foreword (T Caelli et al.)Bayesian Paradigms in Image Processing (Z-Q Liu)Robot Navigation by Visual Dead-Reckoning: Inspiration From Insects (M V Srinivasan et al.)Assessing Feature Importance in the Context of Object Recognition (G A W West)Geometric Variations: Analysis, Optimisation and Control (B T Daniel et al.)Using Aspect Graphs to Control the Recovery and Tracking of Deformable Models (S J Dickinson & D Metaxas)The Role of Machine Learning in Building Image Interpretation Systems (T Caelli & W F Bischof)Recent Advances in Graph Matching (H Bunke & B T Messmer)Cooperative Spatial Reasoning for Image Understanding (T Matsuyama & T Wada)Human Understanding Limits in Visualization (A J Maeder)A Strategy and Architecture for the Visualisation of Complex Geographical Datasets (M Gahegan & D O'Bien)Visualizing Spatial Data: The Problem of Paradigms (P K Robertson)The Visitors Guide: A Simple Video Reuse Application (K Shearer et al.)Conceptual Representation for Multimedia Information (R W Smith et al.) Readership: Computer scientists. keywords:Machine Learning and Vision;Visualization;Geograpgic Information Systems;Object Recognition;Surveillance;Multimedia;Image Understanding

Probabilistic Graphical Models for Computer Vision.

Probabilistic Graphical Models for Computer Vision.

Author: Qiang Ji

Publisher: Academic Press

ISBN: 9780128034958

Category: Computers

Page: 294

View: 791

Probabilistic Graphical Models for Computer Vision introduces probabilistic graphical models (PGMs) for computer vision problems and teaches how to develop the PGM model from training data. This book discusses PGMs and their significance in the context of solving computer vision problems, giving the basic concepts, definitions and properties. It also provides a comprehensive introduction to well-established theories for different types of PGMs, including both directed and undirected PGMs, such as Bayesian Networks, Markov Networks and their variants. Discusses PGM theories and techniques with computer vision examples Focuses on well-established PGM theories that are accompanied by corresponding pseudocode for computer vision Includes an extensive list of references, online resources and a list of publicly available and commercial software Covers computer vision tasks, including feature extraction and image segmentation, object and facial recognition, human activity recognition, object tracking and 3D reconstruction

Handbook of Image and Video Processing

Handbook of Image and Video Processing

Author: Alan C. Bovik

Publisher: Academic Press

ISBN: 9780080533612

Category: Technology & Engineering

Page: 1384

View: 717

55% new material in the latest edition of this “must-have for students and practitioners of image & video processing! This Handbook is intended to serve as the basic reference point on image and video processing, in the field, in the research laboratory, and in the classroom. Each chapter has been written by carefully selected, distinguished experts specializing in that topic and carefully reviewed by the Editor, Al Bovik, ensuring that the greatest depth of understanding be communicated to the reader. Coverage includes introductory, intermediate and advanced topics and as such, this book serves equally well as classroom textbook as reference resource. • Provides practicing engineers and students with a highly accessible resource for learning and using image/video processing theory and algorithms • Includes a new chapter on image processing education, which should prove invaluable for those developing or modifying their curricula • Covers the various image and video processing standards that exist and are emerging, driving today’s explosive industry • Offers an understanding of what images are, how they are modeled, and gives an introduction to how they are perceived • Introduces the necessary, practical background to allow engineering students to acquire and process their own digital image or video data • Culminates with a diverse set of applications chapters, covered in sufficient depth to serve as extensible models to the reader’s own potential applications About the Editor... Al Bovik is the Cullen Trust for Higher Education Endowed Professor at The University of Texas at Austin, where he is the Director of the Laboratory for Image and Video Engineering (LIVE). He has published over 400 technical articles in the general area of image and video processing and holds two U.S. patents. Dr. Bovik was Distinguished Lecturer of the IEEE Signal Processing Society (2000), received the IEEE Signal Processing Society Meritorious Service Award (1998), the IEEE Third Millennium Medal (2000), and twice was a two-time Honorable Mention winner of the international Pattern Recognition Society Award. He is a Fellow of the IEEE, was Editor-in-Chief, of the IEEE Transactions on Image Processing (1996-2002), has served on and continues to serve on many other professional boards and panels, and was the Founding General Chairman of the IEEE International Conference on Image Processing which was held in Austin, Texas in 1994. * No other resource for image and video processing contains the same breadth of up-to-date coverage * Each chapter written by one or several of the top experts working in that area * Includes all essential mathematics, techniques, and algorithms for every type of image and video processing used by electrical engineers, computer scientists, internet developers, bioengineers, and scientists in various, image-intensive disciplines