This book gives a straightforward introduction to the field as it is nowadays required in many branches of analysis and especially in probability theory. The first three chapters (Measure Theory, Integration Theory, Product Measures) basically follow the clear and approved exposition given in the author's earlier book on "Probability Theory and Measure Theory". Special emphasis is laid on a complete discussion of the transformation of measures and integration with respect to the product measure, convergence theorems, parameter depending integrals, as well as the Radon-Nikodym theorem. The final chapter, essentially new and written in a clear and concise style, deals with the theory of Radon measures on Polish or locally compact spaces. With the main results being Luzin's theorem, the Riesz representation theorem, the Portmanteau theorem, and a characterization of locally compact spaces which are Polish, this chapter is a true invitation to study topological measure theory. The text addresses graduate students, who wish to learn the fundamentals in measure and integration theory as needed in modern analysis and probability theory. It will also be an important source for anyone teaching such a course.
This text approaches integration via measure theory as opposed to measure theory via integration, an approach which makes it easier to grasp the subject. Apart from its central importance to pure mathematics, the material is also relevant to applied mathematics and probability, with proof of the mathematics set out clearly and in considerable detail. Numerous worked examples necessary for teaching and learning at undergraduate level constitute a strong feature of the book, and after studying statements of results of the theorems, students should be able to attempt the 300 problem exercises which test comprehension and for which detailed solutions are provided. Approaches integration via measure theory, as opposed to measure theory via integration, making it easier to understand the subject Includes numerous worked examples necessary for teaching and learning at undergraduate level Detailed solutions are provided for the 300 problem exercises which test comprehension of the theorems provided
This self-contained treatment of measure and integration begins with a brief review of the Riemann integral and proceeds to a construction of Lebesgue measure on the real line. From there the reader is led to the general notion of measure, to the construction of the Lebesgue integral on a measure space, and to the major limit theorems, such as the Monotone and Dominated Convergence Theorems. The treatment proceeds to $Lp$ spaces, normed linear spaces that are shown to be complete (i.e., Banach spaces) due to the limit theorems. Particular attention is paid to $L2$ spaces as Hilbert spaces, with a useful geometrical structure. Having gotten quickly to the heart of the matter, the text proceeds to broaden its scope. There are further constructions of measures, including Lebesgue measure on $n$-dimensional Euclidean space. There are also discussions of surface measure, and more generally of Riemannian manifolds and the measures they inherit, and an appendix on the integration ofdifferential forms. Further geometric aspects are explored in a chapter on Hausdorff measure. The text also treats probabilistic concepts, in chapters on ergodic theory, probability spaces and random variables, Wiener measure and Brownian motion, and martingales. This text will prepare graduate students for more advanced studies in functional analysis, harmonic analysis, stochastic analysis, and geometric measure theory.
Significantly revised and expanded, this authoritative reference/text comprehensively describes concepts in measure theory, classical integration, and generalized Riemann integration of both scalar and vector types-providing a complete and detailed review of every aspect of measure and integration theory using valuable examples, exercises, and applications. With more than 170 references for further investigation of the subject, this Second Edition provides more than 60 pages of new information, as well as a new chapter on nonabsolute integrals contains extended discussions on the four basic results of Banach spaces presents an in-depth analysis of the classical integrations with many applications, including integration of nonmeasurable functions, Lebesgue spaces, and their properties details the basic properties and extensions of the Lebesgue-Carathéodory measure theory, as well as the structure and convergence of real measurable functions covers the Stone isomorphism theorem, the lifting theorem, the Daniell method of integration, and capacity theory Measure Theory and Integration, Second Edition is a valuable reference for all pure and applied mathematicians, statisticians, and mathematical analysts, and an outstanding text for all graduate students in these disciplines.
A superb text on the fundamentals of Lebesgue measure and integration. This book is designed to give the reader a solid understanding of Lebesgue measure and integration. It focuses on only the most fundamental concepts, namely Lebesgue measure for R and Lebesgue integration for extended real-valued functions on R. Starting with a thorough presentation of the preliminary concepts of undergraduate analysis, this book covers all the important topics, including measure theory, measurable functions, and integration. It offers an abundance of support materials, including helpful illustrations, examples, and problems. To further enhance the learning experience, the author provides a historical context that traces the struggle to define "area" and "area under a curve" that led eventually to Lebesgue measure and integration. Lebesgue Measure and Integration is the ideal text for an advanced undergraduate analysis course or for a first-year graduate course in mathematics, statistics, probability, and other applied areas. It will also serve well as a supplement to courses in advanced measure theory and integration and as an invaluable reference long after course work has been completed.
This collection of Heinz König’s publications connects to his book of 1997 “Measure and Integration” and presents significant developments in the subject from then up to the present day. The result is a consistent new version of measure theory, including selected applications. The basic step is the introduction of the inner • (bullet) and outer • (bullet) premeasures and their extension to unique maximal measures. New “envelopes” for the initial set function (to replace the traditional Carathéodory outer measures) have been created, which lead to much simpler and more explicit treatment. In view of these new concepts, the main results are unmatched in scope and plainness, as well as in explicitness. Important examples are the formation of products, a unified Daniell-Stone-Riesz representation theorem, and projective limits. Further to the contributions in this volume, after 2011 Heinz König published two more articles that round up his work: On the marginals of probability contents on lattices (Mathematika 58, No. 2, 319-323, 2012), and Measure and integration: the basic extension and representation theorems in terms of new inner and outer envelopes (Indag. Math., New Ser. 25, No. 2, 305-314, 2014).
This is a sequel to Dr Weir's undergraduate textbook on Lebesgue Integration and Measure (CUP. 1973) in which he provided a concrete approach to the Lebesgue integral in terms of step functions and went on from there to deduce the abstract concept of Lebesgue measure. In this second volume, the treatment of the Lebesgue integral is generalised to give the Daniell integral and the related general theory of measure. This approach via integration of elementary functions is particularly well adapted to the proof of Riesz's famous theorems about linear functionals on the classical spaces C (X) and LP and also to the study of topological notions such as Borel measure. This book will be used for final year honours courses in pure mathematics and for graduate courses in functional analysis and measure theory.
The core of the first edition of this book was devoted to what is commonly called "Caratheodory" measure theory, as contrasted with "Bourbaki" measure theory or "Daniell" integral theory. Without debating the relative merits of these various approaches to a modern theory of the integral, we see no point in changing our basic approach to the subject and, therefore, have made relatively few changes in the central portion of the book. Those who have used the first edition will certainly recognize the chapters on measure (general and specific), measurable functions, integrals, and derivatives. The beginning and the end have undergone some changes. Chapter 1 of the first edition was written in such a way as to make the book essentially self-contained. In 1953 this seemed realistic because, at that time, the chances were that some of this background material would have to be actively taught as part of a measure theory course. Since then there have appeared a number of adequate texts iJ?- undergraduate real analysis, so that today it seems appropriate to summarize this background material in capsule form-definitions and theorems, with proofs and exercises deleted. ; The major changes in the present edition come at the end. In the first edition we had a couple of sections designed to inform the student that there is such a thing as functional analysis. In the light of recent recommendations by the Committee on the Undergraduate Program in Mathematics; it now ·seems desirable to incorporate into the book a genuine introduction to this subject. Accordingly, we have added a new chapter giving the "big three" theorems (Hahn-Banach, Banach-Steinhaus, and closed-graph) together with a fairly thorough discussion of weak and weak* convergence in the standard function spaces.
Well-known, concise lecture notes present fundamentals of the Lebesgue theory of integration and introduce some applications. Topics include measures, integration, theorems of Fubini, representations of measures, Lebesgue spaces, differentiation, Fourier series. 1969 edition.
Consists of two separate but closely related parts. Originally published in 1966, the first section deals with elements of integration and has been updated and corrected. The latter half details the main concepts of Lebesgue measure and uses the abstract measure space approach of the Lebesgue integral because it strikes directly at the most important results—the convergence theorems.
This text contains a basic introduction to the abstract measure theory and the Lebesgue integral. Most of the standard topics in the measure and integration theory are discussed. In addition, topics on the Hewitt-Yosida decomposition, the Nikodym and Vitali-Hahn-Saks theorems and material on finitely additive set functions not contained in standard texts are explored. There is an introductory section on functional analysis, including the three basic principles, which is used to discuss many of the classic Banach spaces of functions and their duals. There is also a chapter on Hilbert space and the Fourier transform.