Following an introduction to biogenic metal nanoparticles, this book presents how they can be biosynthesized using bacteria, fungi and yeast, as well as their potential applications in biomedicine. It is shown that the synthesis of nanoparticles using microbes is eco-friendly and results in reproducible metal nanoparticles of well-defined sizes, shapes and structures. This biotechnological approach based on the process of biomineralization exploits the effectiveness and flexibility of biological systems. Chapters include practical protocols for microbial synthesis of nanoparticles and microbial screening methods for isolating a specific nanoparticle producer as well as reviews on process optimization, industrial scale production, biomolecule-nanoparticle interactions, magnetosomes, silver nanoparticles and their numerous applications in medicine, and the application of gold nanoparticles in developing sensitive biosensors.
A much-needed summary of the importance, synthesis and applications of metal nanoparticles in pharmaceutical sciences, with a focus on gold, silver, copper and platinum nanoparticles. After a brief introduction to the history of metal complexes in medicine and fundamentals of nanotechnology, the chapters continue to describe different methods for preparation of metal nanoparticles. This section is followed by representative presentations of current biomedical applications, such as drug delivery, chemotherapy, and diagnostic imaging. Aimed at stimulating further research in this field, the book serves as an reference guide for academics and professionals working in the field of chemistry and nanotechnology.
The use of biological sources such as microbes and plants can help in synthesizing nanoparticles in a reliable and eco-friendly way. The synthesis of nanoparticles by these natural sources is characterized by processes that take place near to ambient temperature and pressures and also near neutral pH. This edited volume authored by subject specialists, provides all the latest research and builds a database of bioreduction agents to various metal nanoparticles using different precursor systems. The book also highlights the different strategies such as simplicity, cost-effectiveness, environment-friendly and easily scalable, and includes parameters for controlling the size and shape of the materials developed from the various greener methods. In order to exploit the utmost potential metal nanoparticles synthesis from the different sources such as agricultural waste, flora and fauna, food waste, microbes and biopolymer systems, it is also crucial to recognize the biochemical and molecular mechanisms of production of nanoparticles and their characterization.
This book introduces the reader the chemistry of reaction approaches by which noble metal nanoparticles are synthesized, including synthetic approaches using the Brust–Schiffrin method , a high-temperature solution-phase synthesis, polymer and biological entities, weak and strong reducing and capping agents, the low and high temperatures, various additives and various novel approaches such as plasma, ionic liquids, UV light and gamma rays and others. This book starts with a brief overview of foundation work concerned with the chapter topics such as nanomaterials, nanoscience, surface-capping molecules, traditional and nontraditional reduction agents, In addition, chemical and physical properties of noble metal nanoparticles with different structures and elements such as monolayered clusters, nanorods, and bimetallic nanoparticles are described comprehensively. The aim is to summarize the fundamentals and mechanistic approaches in the preparation and characterization of metal colloidal nanoparticles and dispersions. In this way the reader is provided with a systematic and coherent picture of the interesting field of nanoscience based on noble metal colloidal nanoparticles. Intended as a wide-ranging overview, the book is a resource for novices in the field as well as for specialists, particularly those scientists working in the area of nanoparticle synthesis. Nanoscience and nanotechnology are discussed from the chemist’s point of view. Therefore, this volume describes in detail the terms, definitions, theories, experiments, and techniques dealing with the synthesis of noble metal nanoparticles. The material presented here is essential reading for research chemists, technologists, and engineers in the fields of specialty nanomaterials and metal industries, and also is highly valuable for researchers in university, institutional, and governmental laboratories, especially for those at advanced stages of their careers.
This book offers a comprehensive overview of recent studies conducted on the biological effects of metal nanoparticles. It also provides a solid theoretical foundation and various metal nanoparticle synthesis methods. Part I reviews the main chemical methods used for synthesizing metal nanoparticles in a solution and describes original method of biochemical synthesis, as well as some special procedures developed specifically for studying the biological activity of nanoparticles. Part II analyzes current literature on the effects of metal nanoparticles observed in microorganisms and addresses the influence of silver nanoparticles obtained by biochemical synthesis on biological objects on various organization levels, namely on microorganisms, acellular slim mold, unicellular alga, plant seeds and mammalian cells. The last section explains the central problems common in studies on the biological effects of metal nanoparticles and outlines potential uses of this trend in bio-nanotechnologies. This book is aimed at specialists, professors and students aspiring to expand their knowledge about the biological activities of metal nanoparticles and nanoparticle-containing materials.
Catalysis is a central topic in chemical transformation and energy conversion. Thanks to the spectacular achievements of colloidal chemistry and the synthesis of nanomaterials over the last two decades, there have also been significant advances in nanoparticle catalysis. Catalysis on different metal nanostructures with well-defined structures and composition has been extensively studied. Metal nanocrystals synthesized with colloidal chemistry exhibit different catalytic performances in contrast to metal nanoparticles prepared with impregnation or deposition precipitation. Additionally, theoretical approaches in predicting catalysis performance and understanding catalytic mechanism on these metal nanocatalysts have made significant progress. Metal Nanoparticles for Catalysis is a comprehensive text on catalysis on Nanoparticles, looking at both their synthesis and applications. Chapter topics include nanoreactor catalysis; Pd nanoparticles in C-C coupling reactions; metal salt-based gold nanocatalysts; theoretical insights into metal nanocatalysts; and nanoparticle mediated clock reaction. This book bridges the gap between nanomaterials synthesis and characterization, and catalysis. As such, this text will be a valuable resource for postgraduate students and researchers in these exciting fields.
Completely dedicated to the biomedical applications of metal nanoparticles, this book covers the different toxicity problems found in healthcare situations and also provides comprehensive info on the use of metal nanoparticles in treating various diseases. Metal Nanoparticles in Pharma is the first edited volume to set up the discussion for a clinical setting and to target a pharmaceutical audience of academic and industry-based researchers.
This timely publication bridges and presents the latest trends and updates in three hot topics of current and future society: nanomaterials, energy and environment. It provides the state-of-the-art as well as current challenges and advances in the sustainable preparation of metal nanoparticles and their applications. The book fills a critical gap in a multidisciplinary area of high economic, social and environmental importance. Currently, there are no books published that deal with these ever increasing important topics, as most books in this area focus on a particular topic (eg. nanomaterials or catalysis or energy or environment). This is the first multidisciplinary edited book covering the very basics to the more advanced, trendy developments, containing a unique blend of nano, green, renewable and bio.
There is a growing interest in the use of nanoparticles modifiedwith DNAs, viruses, peptides and proteins for the rational designof nanostructured functional materials and their use in biosensorapplications. The challenge is to control the organization ofbiomolecules on nanoparticles while retaining their biologicalactivity as potential chemical and gene therapeutics. Thesenoble metal nanoparticles/biomolecules conjugates have specificproperties and therefore they are attractive materials fornanotechnology in biochemistry and medicine. In this book, the author review work performed dealing with theDNA structure and functionalities, interactions between DNA, noblemetal nanoparticles, surface active agents, solvents and otheradditives. Particular attention is given to how the DNA’schain length and the DNA conformation affect the interaction andstructure of the nanoconjugates and nanostructures that are formed.Also discussed are the recent advances in the preparation,characterization, and applications of noble metal nanoparticlesthat are conjugated with DNA aptamers and oligomers. The advantagesand disadvantages of functionalized nanoparticles through variousdetection modes are highlighted, including colorimetry,fluorescence, electrochemistry, SPR, and, mass spectrometry for thedetection of small molecules and biomolecules. The functionalizednoble metal nanoparticles are selective and sensitive for theanalytes, showing their great potential in biosensing. Furthermore,this book reviews recent progress in the area of DNA-noble metalnanoparticles based artificial nanostructures, that is, thepreparation, collective properties, and applications of variousDNA-based nanostructures are also described.
This book covers the continually expanding field of metal nanoparticles and clusters, in particular their size-dependent properties and quantum phenomena. The approaches to the organization of atoms that form clusters and nanoparticles have been advancing rapidly in recent times. These advancements are described through a combination of experimental and computational approaches and are covered in detail by the authors. Recent highlights of the various emerging properties and applications ranging from plasmonics to catalysis are showcased.
Semiconductor nanocrystals and metal nanoparticles are the building blocks of the next generation of electronic, optoelectronic, and photonic devices. Covering this rapidly developing and interdisciplinary field, the book examines in detail the physical properties and device applications of semiconductor nanocrystals and metal nanoparticles. It begins with a review of the synthesis and characterization of various semiconductor nanocrystals and metal nanoparticles and goes on to discuss in detail their optical, light emission, and electrical properties. It then illustrates some exciting applications of nanoelectronic devices (memristors and single-electron devices) and optoelectronic devices (UV detectors, quantum dot lasers, and solar cells), as well as other applications (gas sensors and metallic nanopastes for power electronics packaging). Focuses on a new class of materials that exhibit fascinating physical properties and have many exciting device applications. Presents an overview of synthesis strategies and characterization techniques for various semiconductor nanocrystal and metal nanoparticles. Examines in detail the optical/optoelectronic properties, light emission properties, and electrical properties of semiconductor nanocrystals and metal nanoparticles. Reviews applications in nanoelectronic devices, optoelectronic devices, and photonic devices.
This book presents an overview of nanostructure determination and ways to find relationships to the electronic and optical properties. The methods described can be applied to a large number of other granular metal-insulator systems and used as a guideline for characterisation and modelling. In addition, the book describes the manufacture of artificially structured nanomaterials using laser or electron-beam irradiation.