Mirror with a Memory

Mirror with a Memory


Publisher: Carnegie Museum of Art

ISBN: 0880390662

Category: Photography


View: 921

The complicity of the image: photography at the intersection of police surveillance, corporate/state control and artificial intelligence How are images being utilized to gather data on our daily activities? With the development and advancement of artificial intelligence, there has been a radical change in the way surveillance systems capture, categorize and synthesize photographs. Mirror with a Memory explores the intersection between AI, photography and surveillance--its past, present and future--to underscore concerns about implicit bias, right to privacy and police monitoring embedded in corporate, military and law enforcement applications. Contributors include: Zach Blas, Simone Brown, Joy Buolamwini, Oliver Chanarin, Adrian Chen, Harun Farocki, Forensic Architecture, Lynn Hershman Leeson, Trevor Paglen, Martha Rosler and Martine Syms.

Mirrors of Memory

Mirrors of Memory

Author: Mary Bergstein

Publisher: Cornell University Press

ISBN: 0801448190

Category: Biography & Autobiography

Page: 352

View: 655

A significant contribution to our understanding of early twentieth century visual culture and an exploration of how photography shaped the ways in which the great archaeologist of the human mind saw and thought about the world.

Mirrors of Memory

Mirrors of Memory

Author: James W. White

Publisher: University of Virginia Press

ISBN: 9780813930794

Category: Architecture

Page: 296

View: 856

As society becomes more global, many see the world’s great cities as becoming increasingly similar. But while contemporary cultures do depend on and resemble each other in previously unimagined ways, homogenization is sometimes overestimated. In his compelling new book, James W. White considers how two of the world’s great cities, Paris and Tokyo, may appear to be growing more alike--both are vast, modern, dominating, capitalist cities--but in fact remain profoundly different places. Tokyo’s growth appears particularly organic, with a pronounced austerity and boundaries far less clear than those of Paris, which has been planned and manipulated constantly. Paris has a thriving center and a noticeably more contentious relationship with its nation, and its own suburbs, than Tokyo does. White explores how the roles of cities and urbanism in each society, and the balance between nature and artifice, account for some of these differences. He also examines the role of authority in each location and considers the way catastrophes, such as war, alter a city--as well as the role fear plays in a city’s construction. While the author acknowledges that Tokyo is more physically fluid and superficially chaotic than Paris, he also demonstrates that it has an invisible order of its own (including a center that, contrary to most assumptions, is not empty at all). White depicts a Tokyo that relies less on the monumental, and is less influenced by government, than most cities in the West. Where the culture of Paris emphasizes clarity, exclusion, and marginality, the public spaces of Tokyo express ambiguity, inclusiveness, and impermanence. In the end, White makes us reconsider which city better deserves the name "City of Light." Nonetheless, he warns, several factors may combine to discourage Tokyo’s international ascendance and even to threaten the future of provincial Japan. Thus it may be Paris, paradoxically, that is better poised to improve both its own position and its country’s in the years ahead.

The Healing of Memories

The Healing of Memories

Author: Mohammed Girma

Publisher: Lexington Books

ISBN: 9781498572644

Category: Political Science

Page: 208

View: 828

This volume is a comprehensive and balanced examination of the African Christian response to political conflicts. Its strength lies on its focus on the healing of memories from theological, philosophical, cultural and scientific points of view.

Object Oriented Mind

Object Oriented Mind

Author: Dr. Jerome Heath

Publisher: UberMann


Category: Psychology

Page: 73

View: 840

Degrees of Freedom Uncertainty This is the degrees of freedom uncertainty rule [which actually allows us freedom]. We can never be sure which individual went this way and which went the other way [that is what entropy and Carnot’s ‘jinks’ on Maxwell’s demons is all about]. This is a statistical population; there are enough members to apply the statistical rule [the rule of large numbers]. That is the same rule [just inverted] as the degrees of freedom uncertainty principle [which says that you cannot specify Newtonian activity on populations that provide excellent statistical results because of the same theory of large numbers. - You can’t have your cake and eat it too [precisely what Carnoy meant]. Also, the difficulties with this rule could be resolved easily; by applying the viewpoint of harmonics. So, under the degrees of freedom uncertainty [when that applies {strongly enough}] you have harmonics. This is the fact that systems under the rule of degrees of freedom uncertainty and that are constrained [in certain natural or “harmonics” ways.] can form “natural” patterns. Harmonics [the name] refers to the patterns since they form in harmonic kine [a set of eigenfunctions]. The pattern does not specify where any part [molecule] is at or how fast it is going. The pattern is an envelope of probability distribution for the randomly distributed contents. This does not allow Maxwell's Demons to sneak some particles into a special place to violate equilibrium rules. Demythologizing Jung Demythologizing and deconstruction is the territory of the post-structuralist. But reconstruction should be the goal of such endeavors. Here the deconstruction of Jung's archetypes is reconstructed into a meaningful, workable, and useful concept of how the mind works. This effort is about the mind and the algorithms that the mind uses to process information. In the brain, pictures are a very important part of the information processing; but computer processing is approaching that state now as well. Here the mind is the program. That mind can use different algorithms in its programming to solve its “problems”. Recognizing these algorithms is our desire for this study. I start with Jung’s Archetype algorithms and proceed to expand that into a more complete recognition of mental algorithms. The process of understanding conversation is to compare the text of a sentence with contextual information we have. The question is: “How do we store and retrieve the context in our grammar?” It is not stored using relational algebra, which is the method we use to store computer database data for efficient computer store and retrieve mechanisms. Relational data storage is not fast enough and it is not broad enough in its combinatorial strength to explain the minds process. The mind has a way of producing mental objects out of the interpretation of external information. A fresh encounter with the outer world is analyzed by a neural network. The information is carried by nerves from the sensing point. These nerve signals are then filtered through neural networks. The archetype [Jung] for that area of mental processing is the link with the conscious. From this link, a memory object can be extended from the archetype (as base class). Then the extended archetype layer becomes the output layer of the neural network. Note the archetype layer serves both as the interpretation function determining layer (how the input is interpreted) and, in the instantiation of the object from the base class extended to a memory object from (based on the neural interpretation). This is a probabilistic process that is under constraints. The process is probabilistic but the constraints provide limitations so the result that is controlled by these limitations produces a meaningful pattern. Thus the constraints prevent dissipation, and encourage meaningful results. The constraints in the young child are the archetypes. As we grow older our minds develop aggregate (abstract) classes that are useful as though they were archetypes. These archetypes and aggregates constrain the mental process so that meaningful patterns result from the interpretation process. The features of the archetypal classes, relating to the attributes and methods of a class, are then the similar to the neural network activation functions. With input (our nerves send these signals about our present context) these features are used to interpret the signals (our internal program adapts them to interpretation of the input signals). When applied to a memory object in our conscious mind, the features (activation functions) are used in a way that they make the memory object useful and meaningful in our thought process. Remember the class here is a (hidden) layer of the neural network not a single node. Also an abstract class can be extended into a memory object (as a real [visible] class). (Also see books by Dr. Jerome Heath: https://sites.google.com/site/jbhcontextcalculus/)

Learning and Memory

Learning and Memory

Author: W. Scott Terry

Publisher: Routledge

ISBN: 9781317224051

Category: Psychology

Page: 410

View: 998

This thoroughly updated edition provides a balanced review of the core methods and the latest research on animal learning and human memory. The relevance of basic principles is highlighted throughout via everyday examples to ignite student interest, along with more traditional examples from human and animal laboratory studies. Individual differences in age, gender, learning style, cultural background, or special abilities (such as the math gifted) are highlighted within each chapter to help students see how the principles may be generalized to other subject populations. The basic processes of learning – such as classical and instrumental conditioning and encoding and storage in long-term memory in addition to implicit memory, spatial learning, and remembering in the world outside the laboratory – are reviewed. The general rules of learning are described along with the exceptions, limitations, and best applications of these rules. The relationship between the fields of neuropsychology and learning and memory is stressed throughout. The relevance of this research to other disciplines is reflected in the tone of the writing and is demonstrated through a variety of examples from education, neuropsychology, rehabilitation, psychiatry, nursing and medicine, I/O and consumer psychology, and animal behavior. Each chapter begins with an outline and concludes with a detailed summary. A website for instructors and students accompanies the book. Updated throughout with new research findings and examples the new edition features: A streamlined presentation for today’s busy students. As in the past, the author supports each concept with a research example and real-life application, but the duplicate example or application now appears on the website so instructors can use the additional material to illustrate the concepts in class. Expanded coverage of neuroscience that reflects the current research of the field including aversive conditioning (Ch. 5) and animal working memory (Ch. 8). More examples of research on student learning that use the same variables discussed in the chapter, but applies them in a classroom or student’s study environment. This includes research that applies encoding techniques to student learning, for example: studying: recommendations from experts (Ch. 1); the benefits of testing (Ch. 9); and Joshua Foer’s Moonwalking with Einstein, on his quest to become a memory expert (Ch. 6). More coverage of unconscious learning and knowledge (Ch. 11). Increased coverage of reinforcement and addiction (Ch. 4), causal and language learning (Ch. 6), working memory (WM) and the effects of training on WM, and the comparative evolution of WM in different species (Ch. 8), and genetics and learning (Ch. 12).

Temporality and Film Analysis

Temporality and Film Analysis

Author: Matilda Mroz

Publisher: Edinburgh University Press

ISBN: 9780748643479

Category: Performing Arts

Page: 240

View: 906

Matilda Mroz argues that cinema provides an ideal opportunity to engage with ideas of temporal flow and change. Temporality, however, remains an underexplored area of film analysis, which frequently discusses images as though they were still rather than moving. This book traces the operation of duration in cinema, and argues that temporality should be a central concern of film scholarship. In close readings of Michelangelo Antonioni's L'Avventura, Andrei Tarkovsky's Mirror, and the ten short films that make up Krzysztof Kie?lowski's Decalogue series, Mroz highlights how film analysis must consider both particular moments in cinema which are critically significant, and the way in which such moments interrelate in temporal flux. She explores the concepts of duration and rhythm, resonance and uncertainty, affect, sense and texture, to bring a fresh perspective to film analysis and criticism.Essential reading for students and scholars in Film Studies, this engaging study will also be a valuable resource for critical theorists.

Memory Systems

Memory Systems

Author: Bruce Jacob

Publisher: Morgan Kaufmann

ISBN: 0080553842

Category: Computers

Page: 900

View: 789

Is your memory hierarchy stopping your microprocessor from performing at the high level it should be? Memory Systems: Cache, DRAM, Disk shows you how to resolve this problem. The book tells you everything you need to know about the logical design and operation, physical design and operation, performance characteristics and resulting design trade-offs, and the energy consumption of modern memory hierarchies. You learn how to to tackle the challenging optimization problems that result from the side-effects that can appear at any point in the entire hierarchy. As a result you will be able to design and emulate the entire memory hierarchy. Understand all levels of the system hierarchy -Xcache, DRAM, and disk. Evaluate the system-level effects of all design choices. Model performance and energy consumption for each component in the memory hierarchy.

Mirror with a Memory

Mirror with a Memory

Author: Janice Weaver

Publisher: Tundra Books (NY)

ISBN: 0887767478

Category: Juvenile Nonfiction

Page: 159

View: 761

A photographic journey through the history of Canada, which came into existence along with the art of photography in the middle of the nineteenth century, features famous shots that have defined a nation as well as the faces of ordinary Canadians going about their everyday lives.