The theory of one-dimensional ergodic operators involves a beautiful synthesis of ideas from dynamical systems, topology, and analysis. Additionally, this setting includes many models of physical interest, including those operators that model crystals, disordered media, or quasicrystals. This field has seen substantial progress in recent decades, much of which has yet to be discussed in textbooks. Beginning with a refresher on key topics in spectral theory, this volume presents the basic theory of discrete one-dimensional Schrödinger operators with dynamically defined potentials. It also includes a self-contained introduction to the relevant aspects of ergodic theory and topological dynamics. This text is accessible to graduate students who have completed one-semester courses in measure theory and complex analysis. It is intended to serve as an introduction to the field for junior researchers and beginning graduate students as well as a reference text for people already working in this area. It is well suited for self-study and contains numerous exercises (many with hints).
The theory of one-dimensional ergodic operators involves a beautiful synthesis of ideas from dynamical systems, topology, and analysis. Additionally, this setting includes many models of physical interest, including those operators that model crystals, disordered media, or quasicrystals. This field has seen substantial progress in recent decades, much of which has yet to be discussed in textbooks. Beginning with a refresher on key topics in spectral theory, this volume presents the basic theory of discrete one-dimensional Schrodinger operators with dynamically defined potentials. It also includes a self-contained introduction to the relevant aspects of ergodic theory and topological dynamics. This text is accessible to graduate students who have completed one-semester courses in measure theory and complex analysis. It is intended to serve as an introduction to the field for junior researchers and beginning graduate students as well as a reference text for people already working in this area. It is well suited for self-study and contains numerous exercises (many with hints).
This volume gathers the articles based on a series of lectures from a workshop held at the Institute of Applied Mathematics of the National University of Mexico. The aim of the book is to present to a non-specialized audience the basic tools needed to understand and appreciate new trends of research on Schrodinger operator theory. Topics discussed include various aspects of the spectral theory of differential operators, the theory of self-adjoint operators, finite rank perturbations, spectral properties of random Schrodinger operators, and scattering theory for Schrodinger operators. The material is suitable for graduate students and research mathematicians interested in differential operators, in particular, spectral theory of Schrodinger operators.
In 2003 the XIV International Congress on Mathematical Physics (ICMP) was held in Lisbon with more than 500 participants. Twelve plenary talks were given in various fields of Mathematical Physics: E Carlen «On the relation between the Master equation and the Boltzmann Equation in Kinetic Theory»; A Chenciner «Symmetries and “simple” solutions of the classical n-body problem»; M J Esteban «Relativistic models in atomic and molecular physics»; K Fredenhagen «Locally covariant quantum field theory»; K Gawedzki «Simple models of turbulent transport»; I Krichever «Algebraic versus Liouville integrability of the soliton systems»; R V Moody «Long-range order and diffraction in mathematical quasicrystals»; S Smirnov «Critical percolation and conformal invariance»; J P Solovej «The energy of charged matter»; V Schomerus «Strings through the microscope»; C Villani «Entropy production and convergence to equilibrium for the Boltzmann equation»; D Voiculescu «Aspects of free probability». The book collects as well carefully selected invited Session Talks in: Dynamical Systems, Integrable Systems and Random Matrix Theory, Condensed Matter Physics, Equilibrium Statistical Mechanics, Quantum Field Theory, Operator Algebras and Quantum Information, String and M Theory, Fluid Dynamics and Nonlinear PDE, General Relativity, Nonequilibrium Statistical Mechanics, Quantum Mechanics and Spectral Theory, Path Integrals and Stochastic Analysis. Contents:OpeningHenri Poincaré PrizesPlenary TalksInvited Session Talks Readership: Mathematical physicists, mathematicians and theoretical physicists. Keywords:Mathematical Physics;ICMPKey Features:Provides a list of the most recent progress in all fields of Mathematical PhysicsWritten by the best international experts in these fieldsIndicates the “hot” directions of research in Mathematical Physics for years to come
The series is aimed specifically at publishing peer reviewed reviews and contributions presented at workshops and conferences. Each volume is associated with a particular conference, symposium or workshop. These events cover various topics within pure and applied mathematics and provide up-to-date coverage of new developments, methods and applications.
The origins of the harmonic analysis go back to an ingenious idea of Fourier that any reasonable function can be represented as an infinite linear combination of sines and cosines. Today's harmonic analysis incorporates the elements of geometric measure theory, number theory, probability, and has countless applications from data analysis to image recognition and from the study of sound and vibrations to the cutting edge of contemporary physics. The present volume is based on lectures presented at the summer school on Harmonic Analysis. These notes give fresh, concise, and high-level introductions to recent developments in the field, often with new arguments not found elsewhere. The volume will be of use both to graduate students seeking to enter the field and to senior researchers wishing to keep up with current developments.
This interdisciplinary work on condensed matter physics, the continuum mechanics of novel materials, and partial differential equations, discusses the mathematical theory of elasticity and hydrodynamics of quasicrystals, as well as its applications. By establishing new partial differential equations of higher order and their solutions under complicated boundary value and initial value conditions, the theories developed here dramatically simplify the solution of complex elasticity problems. Comprehensive and detailed mathematical derivations guide readers through the work. By combining theoretical analysis and experimental data, mathematical studies and practical applications, readers will gain a systematic, comprehensive and in-depth understanding of condensed matter physics, new continuum mechanics and applied mathematics. This new edition covers the latest developments in quasicrystal studies. In particular, it pays special attention to the hydrodynamics, soft-matter quasicrystals, and the Poisson bracket method and its application in deriving hydrodynamic equations. These new sections make the book an even more useful and comprehensive reference guide for researchers working in Condensed Matter Physics, Chemistry and Materials Science.
The C.I.M.E. session on Dynamical Systems, held in Cetraro (Italy), June 19-26, 2000, focused on the latest developments in several important areas in dynamical systems, with full development and historical context. The lectures of Chow and Mallet-Paret focus on the area of lattice differential systems, the lectures of Conto and Galleotti treat the classical problem of classification of orbits for two-dimensional autonomous systems with polynomial right sides, the lectures of Nussbaum focus on applications of fixed point theorems to the problem of limiting profiles for the solutions of singular perturbations of delay differential equations, and the lectures of Johnson and Mantellini deal with the existence of periodic and quasi-periodic orbits to non-autonomous systems. The volume will be of interest to researchers and graduate students working in these areas.
The plenary lectures in this volume give a fairly complete overview of present research in mathematical physics. The contributions cover classical mechanics on manifolds, non-commutative differential geometry and quantum groups, chaotic quantum systems, various topics in equilibrium and non-equilibrium statistical mechanics, quantum field theory, including topological field theory, and classical field theory.
Stochastic analysis, a branch of probability theory stemming from the theory of stochastic differential equations, is becoming increasingly important in connection with partial differential equations, non-linear functional analysis, control theory and statistical mechanics.
Focusing on the mathematical description of stochastic dynamics in discrete as well as in continuous time, this book investigates such dynamical phenomena as perturbations, bifurcations and chaos. It also introduces new ideas for the exploration of infinite dimensional systems, in particular stochastic partial differential equations. Example applications are presented from biology, chemistry and engineering, while describing numerical treatments of stochastic systems.