Summary Practical Probabilistic Programming introduces the working programmer to probabilistic programming. In it, you'll learn how to use the PP paradigm to model application domains and then express those probabilistic models in code. Although PP can seem abstract, in this book you'll immediately work on practical examples, like using the Figaro language to build a spam filter and applying Bayesian and Markov networks, to diagnose computer system data problems and recover digital images. Purchase of the print book includes a free eBook in PDF, Kindle, and ePub formats from Manning Publications. About the Technology The data you accumulate about your customers, products, and website users can help you not only to interpret your past, it can also help you predict your future! Probabilistic programming uses code to draw probabilistic inferences from data. By applying specialized algorithms, your programs assign degrees of probability to conclusions. This means you can forecast future events like sales trends, computer system failures, experimental outcomes, and many other critical concerns. About the Book Practical Probabilistic Programming introduces the working programmer to probabilistic programming. In this book, you’ll immediately work on practical examples like building a spam filter, diagnosing computer system data problems, and recovering digital images. You’ll discover probabilistic inference, where algorithms help make extended predictions about issues like social media usage. Along the way, you’ll learn to use functional-style programming for text analysis, object-oriented models to predict social phenomena like the spread of tweets, and open universe models to gauge real-life social media usage. The book also has chapters on how probabilistic models can help in decision making and modeling of dynamic systems. What's Inside Introduction to probabilistic modeling Writing probabilistic programs in Figaro Building Bayesian networks Predicting product lifecycles Decision-making algorithms About the Reader This book assumes no prior exposure to probabilistic programming. Knowledge of Scala is helpful. About the Author Avi Pfeffer is the principal developer of the Figaro language for probabilistic programming. Table of Contents PART 1 INTRODUCING PROBABILISTIC PROGRAMMING AND FIGARO Probabilistic programming in a nutshell A quick Figaro tutorial Creating a probabilistic programming application PART 2 WRITING PROBABILISTIC PROGRAMS Probabilistic models and probabilistic programs Modeling dependencies with Bayesian and Markov networks Using Scala and Figaro collections to build up models Object-oriented probabilistic modeling Modeling dynamic systems PART 3 INFERENCE The three rules of probabilistic inference Factored inference algorithms Sampling algorithms Solving other inference tasks Dynamic reasoning and parameter learning
What does a probabilistic program actually compute? How can one formally reason about such probabilistic programs? This valuable guide covers such elementary questions and more. It provides a state-of-the-art overview of the theoretical underpinnings of modern probabilistic programming and their applications in machine learning, security, and other domains, at a level suitable for graduate students and non-experts in the field. In addition, the book treats the connection between probabilistic programs and mathematical logic, security (what is the probability that software leaks confidential information?), and presents three programming languages for different applications: Excel tables, program testing, and approximate computing. This title is also available as Open Access on Cambridge Core.
This book constitutes the proceedings of the 20th International Symposium on Practical Aspects of Declarative Languages, PADL 2018, held in Los Angeles, CA, USA, in January 2018 and collocated with the 45th ACM SIGPLAN Symposium on Principles of Programming Languages.The 13 regular papers presented in this volume together with the abstracts of 2 invited talks were carefully reviewed and selected from 23 submissions. They deal with functional programming; constraint programming and business rules; prolog and optimization; and answer set programming.
This book constitutes the refereed proceedings of the 7th International Symposium on Practical Aspects of Declarative Languages, PADL 2005, held in Long Beach, CA, USA in January 2005. The 17 revised full papers presented together with the abstracts of 2 invited talks were carefully reviewed and selected from 36 submissions. All current aspects of declarative programming are addressed including implementational issues and applications in areas such as database management, active networks, software engineering, decision support systems, and music composition.
This book constitutes the thoroughly refereed post-proceedings of the 20th International Conference on Inductive Logic Programming, ILP 2010, held in Florence, Italy in June 2010. The 11 revised full papers and 15 revised short papers presented together with abstracts of three invited talks were carefully reviewed and selected during two rounds of refereeing and revision. All current issues in inductive logic programming, i.e. in logic programming for machine learning are addressed, in particular statistical learning and other probabilistic approaches to machine learning are reflected.
Probabilistic Logic Programming extends Logic Programming by enabling the representation of uncertain information by means of probability theory. Probabilistic Logic Programming is at the intersection of two wider research fields: the integration of logic and probability and Probabilistic Programming.Logic enables the representation of complex relations among entities while probability theory is useful for model uncertainty over attributes and relations. Combining the two is a very active field of study.Probabilistic Programming extends programming languages with probabilistic primitives that can be used to write complex probabilistic models. Algorithms for the inference and learning tasks are then provided automatically by the system.Probabilistic Logic programming is at the same time a logic language, with its knowledge representation capabilities, and a Turing complete language, with its computation capabilities, thus providing the best of both worlds.Since its birth, the field of Probabilistic Logic Programming has seen a steady increase of activity, with many proposals for languages and algorithms for inference and learning. Foundations of Probabilistic Logic Programming aims at providing an overview of the field with a special emphasis on languages under the Distribution Semantics, one of the most influential approaches. The book presents the main ideas for semantics, inference, and learning and highlights connections between the methods.Many examples of the book include a link to a page of the web application http://cplint.eu where the code can be run online.
This book constitutes the refereed proceedings of the 15th International Conference of the Italian Association for Artificial Intelligence, AI*IA 2016, held in Genova, Italy, in November/December 2016. The 39 full papers presented were carefully reviewed and selected from 53 submissions. The papers are organized in topical sections on optimization and evolutionary algorithms; classification, pattern recognition, and computer vision; multi-agent systems; machine learning; semantic web and description logics; natural language processing; planning and scheduling; and formal verification.
This book constitutes the refereed proceedings of the 11th International Conference on Scalable Uncertainty Management, SUM 2017, which was held in Granada, Spain, in October 2017. The 24 full and 6 short papers presented in this volume were carefully reviewed and selected from 35 submissions. The book also contains 3 invited papers. Managing uncertainty and inconsistency has been extensively explored in Artificial Intelligence over a number of years. Now, with the advent of massive amounts of data and knowledge from distributed, heterogeneous, and potentially conflicting sources, there is interest in developing and applying formalisms for uncertainty and inconsistency in systems that need to better manage this data and knowledge. The International Conference on Scalable Uncertainty (SUM) aims to provide a forum for researchers who are working on uncertainty management, in different communities and with different uncertainty models, to meet and exchange ideas.
This book constitutes the proceedings of the 13th International Symposium on Functional and Logic Programming, FLOPS 2016, held in Kochi, Japan, in March 2016. The 14 papers presented in this volume were carefully reviewed and selected from 36 submissions. They cover the following topics: functional and logic programming; program transformation and re-writing; and extracting programs from proofs of their correctness.
The book presents a collection of peer-reviewed articles from the 11th KES International Conference on Intelligent Decision Technologies (KES-IDT-19), held Malta on 17–19 June 2019. The conference provided opportunities for the presentation of new research results and discussion about them. It was also an opportunity to generation of new ideas in the field of intelligent decision making. The range of topics explored is wide, and covers methods of classification, prediction, data analysis, decision support, modelling and many more in such areas as finance, cybersecurity, economy, health, management and transportation. The topics cover also problems of data science, signal processing and knowledge engineering.
Probabilistic Deep Learning is a hands-on guide to the principles that support neural networks. Learn to improve network performance with the right distribution for different data types, and discover Bayesian variants that can state their own uncertainty to increase accuracy. This book provides easy-to-apply code and uses popular frameworks to keep you focused on practical applications. Summary Probabilistic Deep Learning: With Python, Keras and TensorFlow Probability teaches the increasingly popular probabilistic approach to deep learning that allows you to refine your results more quickly and accurately without much trial-and-error testing. Emphasizing practical techniques that use the Python-based Tensorflow Probability Framework, you’ll learn to build highly-performant deep learning applications that can reliably handle the noise and uncertainty of real-world data. Purchase of the print book includes a free eBook in PDF, Kindle, and ePub formats from Manning Publications. About the technology The world is a noisy and uncertain place. Probabilistic deep learning models capture that noise and uncertainty, pulling it into real-world scenarios. Crucial for self-driving cars and scientific testing, these techniques help deep learning engineers assess the accuracy of their results, spot errors, and improve their understanding of how algorithms work. About the book Probabilistic Deep Learning is a hands-on guide to the principles that support neural networks. Learn to improve network performance with the right distribution for different data types, and discover Bayesian variants that can state their own uncertainty to increase accuracy. This book provides easy-to-apply code and uses popular frameworks to keep you focused on practical applications. What's inside Explore maximum likelihood and the statistical basis of deep learning Discover probabilistic models that can indicate possible outcomes Learn to use normalizing flows for modeling and generating complex distributions Use Bayesian neural networks to access the uncertainty in the model About the reader For experienced machine learning developers. About the author Oliver Dürr is a professor at the University of Applied Sciences in Konstanz, Germany. Beate Sick holds a chair for applied statistics at ZHAW and works as a researcher and lecturer at the University of Zurich. Elvis Murina is a data scientist. Table of Contents PART 1 - BASICS OF DEEP LEARNING 1 Introduction to probabilistic deep learning 2 Neural network architectures 3 Principles of curve fitting PART 2 - MAXIMUM LIKELIHOOD APPROACHES FOR PROBABILISTIC DL MODELS 4 Building loss functions with the likelihood approach 5 Probabilistic deep learning models with TensorFlow Probability 6 Probabilistic deep learning models in the wild PART 3 - BAYESIAN APPROACHES FOR PROBABILISTIC DL MODELS 7 Bayesian learning 8 Bayesian neural networks
This book constitutes the refereed proceedings of the 24th Symposium on Formal Methods, FM 2021, held virtually in November 2021. The 43 full papers presented together with 4 invited presentations were carefully reviewed and selected from 131 submissions. The papers are organized in topical sections named: Invited Presentations. - Interactive Theorem Proving, Neural Networks & Active Learning, Logics & Theory, Program Verification I, Hybrid Systems, Program Verification II, Automata, Analysis of Complex Systems, Probabilities, Industry Track Invited Papers, Industry Track, Divide et Impera: Efficient Synthesis of Cyber-Physical System.