Progress in Corrosion Science and Engineering II

Progress in Corrosion Science and Engineering II

Author: Su-Il Pyun

Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media

ISBN: 9781441955784

Category: Science

Page: 338

View: 629

This and volume no. 47 of Modern Aspects of Electrochemistry is composed of eight chapters covering topics having relevance both in corrosion science and materials engineering. In particular, the first seven chapters provide comprehensive coverage of recent advances in corrosion science.

Advances in Energy Science and Equipment Engineering II Volume 2

Advances in Energy Science and Equipment Engineering II Volume 2

Author: Shiquan Zhou

Publisher: CRC Press

ISBN: 9781351648424

Category: Science

Page: 900

View: 603

The 2016 2nd International Conference on Energy Equipment Science and Engineering (ICEESE 2016) was held on November 12-14, 2016 in Guangzhou, China. ICEESE 2016 brought together innovative academics and industrial experts in the field of energy equipment science and engineering to a common forum. The primary goal of the conference is to promote research and developmental activities in energy equipment science and engineering and another goal is to promote scientific information interchange between researchers, developers, engineers, students, and practitioners working all around the world. The conference will be held every year to make it an ideal platform for people to share views and experiences in energy equipment science and engineering and related areas. This second volume of the two-volume set of proceedings covers the field of Structural and Materials Sciences, and Computer Simulation & Computer and Electrical Engineering.

Progress in Corrosion Science and Engineering II

Progress in Corrosion Science and Engineering II

Author: Su-Il Pyun

Publisher: Springer

ISBN: 1489992103

Category: Science

Page: 338

View: 692

This and volume no. 47 of Modern Aspects of Electrochemistry is composed of eight chapters covering topics having relevance both in corrosion science and materials engineering. In particular, the first seven chapters provide comprehensive coverage of recent advances in corrosion science.

Electrochemistry for Corrosion Fundamentals

Electrochemistry for Corrosion Fundamentals

Author: Toshiaki Ohtsuka

Publisher: Springer

ISBN: 9789811068201

Category: Science

Page: 116

View: 790

This brief is concerned with the fundamentals of corrosion of metallic materials and electrochemistry for better understanding of corrosion phenomena. Corrosion is related to both the environment and material properties, induced by electrochemical reactions at the interface between metallic materials and the environment as in aqueous and gaseous phases. In order to understand corrosion phenomena, knowledge of electrochemistry is thus required, and to investigate the cause of corrosion damage, appropriate electrochemical experiments must be performed. Corrosion scientists should therefore possess knowledge of both electrochemistry and its related experimental techniques. In this book, corrosion phenomena are introduced from the electrochemical aspect. Electrochemical techniques for the study of corrosion are then described with other techniques that can be combined with electrochemistry. Because this brief is characterized as starting with the fundamentals of corrosion and electrochemistry, it is accessible to undergraduate students as well as to graduate students who are beginning corrosion research.

Mechanics - Microstructure - Corrosion Coupling

Mechanics - Microstructure - Corrosion Coupling

Author: Christine Blanc

Publisher: Elsevier

ISBN: 9780128192412

Category: Technology & Engineering

Page: 572

View: 489

Mechanics - Microstructure - Corrosion Coupling: Concepts, Experiments, Modeling and Cases presents the state-of-the-art on scientific and technological developments relating to the durability of materials and structures subjected to mechanical and environmental stress in industries such as energy, aeronautics, chemistry and oil. Experimental, theoretical and numerical aspects are tackled at different scales, providing readers with the most advanced tools and scientific approaches to apprehend coupling phenomena by understanding associated mechanisms, identifying variables of the first order, and proposing strategies to control and/or extend the lifespan of structures in a multi-process coupling situation. In addition, the book presents the latest advances in research in these areas (hydrogen embrittlement, stress corrosion, fatigue, etc.), especially in the consideration of the multi-scale aspect of the phenomena in the implementation of dedicated experiments. Reviews the status of scientific and technological developments related to the durability of materials Addresses experimental, theoretical and numerical aspects at different scales Provides the most advanced tools and scientific approaches Focuses on the latest advances, such as hydrogen embrittlement, stress corrosion, fatigue, and more

Veterinary Clinical Pathology

Veterinary Clinical Pathology

Author: Kathleen P. Freeman

Publisher: CRC Press

ISBN: 9781138001220

Category: Medical

Page: 1340

View: 339

Veterinary Clinical Pathology: A Case-Based Approach presents 200 cases with questions for those interested in improving their skills in veterinary clinical pathology. It emphasises an understanding of basic pathophysiologic mechanisms of disease, differential diagnoses and recognition of patterns associated with various diseases or conditions. Topics discussed include haematology, clinical chemistry, endocrinology, acid-base and blood gas analysis, haemostasis, urinalysis, biological variation and quality control. Species covered include the cat, dog and horse, with additional material on ruminants. Cases vary in difficulty, allowing beginners to improve their clinicopathologic skills while more complicated cases, or cases treating unfamiliar topics, are included for experienced readers. This book is a helpful revision aid for those in training as well as for those in practice who are pursuing continuing education. It is also a valuable resource for veterinary nurses and technicians.

Progress in Corrosion Science and Engineering I

Progress in Corrosion Science and Engineering I

Author: Su-Il Pyun

Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media

ISBN: 9780387922638

Category: Science

Page: 319

View: 992

The present volume of Modern Aspects of Electrochemistry is composed of four chapters covering topics having relevance both in corrosion science and materials engineering. All of the chapters provide comprehensive coverage of recent advances in corrosion science. The first chapter, by Maurice and Marcus, provides a comprehensive review on the structural aspects and anti-corrosion properties of passive films on metals and alloys. These authors look at recent experimental data collected by in-situ microscopic techniques coupled with electrochemical methods. A detailed description is given of the nucleation and growth of 2-dimensional passive films at earlier stages, their effect on the corrosion properties of metal surfaces, and the nanostructures of- dimensional passive films. On the basis of the experimental data reviewed, the authors present a model for passivity breakdown and pit initiation, which takes into account the preferential role of grain boundaries. In Chapter 2, Takahashi and his co-workers give a specialized account on the electrochemical and structural properties of anodic oxide films formed on aluminum. In addition to the electrochemical corrosion-related problems of anodic oxide films, the chapter reviews state-of-the-art research of nano-/mic- fabrications based on anodizing treatments combined with chemical/mechanical processes such as laser irradiation, atomic force micro-probe processing and thin film deposition techniques.

Composites Materials for Food Packaging

Composites Materials for Food Packaging

Author: Giuseppe Cirillo

Publisher: John Wiley & Sons

ISBN: 9781119160205

Category: Technology & Engineering

Page: 462

View: 954

The novel insights, as well as the main drawbacks of each engineered composites material is extensively evaluated taking into account the strong relationship between packaging materials, environmental and reusability concerns, food quality, and nutritional value. Composites, by matching the properties of different components, allow the development of innovative and performing strategies for intelligent food packaging, thus overcoming the limitations of using only a single material. The book starts with the description of montmorillonite and halloysite composites, subsequently moving to metal-based materials with special emphasis on silver, zinc, silicium and iron. After the discussion about how the biological influences of such materials can affect the performance of packaging, the investigation of superior properties of sp2 carbon nanostructures is reported. Here, carbon nanotubes and graphene are described as starting points for the preparation of highly engineered composites able to promote the enhancement of shelf-life by virtue of their mechanical and electrical features. Finally, in the effort to find innovative composites, the applicability of biodegradable materials from both natural (e.g. cellulose) and synthetic (e.g. polylactic acid – PLA) origins, with the aim to prove that polymer-based materials can overcome some key limitations such as environmental impact and waste disposal.

Research Opportunities in Corrosion Science and Engineering

Research Opportunities in Corrosion Science and Engineering

Author: National Research Council

Publisher: National Academies Press

ISBN: 9780309162869

Category: Technology & Engineering

Page: 192

View: 244

The field of corrosion science and engineering is on the threshold of important advances. Advances in lifetime prediction and technological solutions, as enabled by the convergence of experimental and computational length and timescales and powerful new modeling techniques, are allowing the development of rigorous, mechanistically based models from observations and physical laws. Despite considerable progress in the integration of materials by design into engineering development of products, corrosion considerations are typically missing from such constructs. Similarly, condition monitoring and remaining life prediction (prognosis) do not at present incorporate corrosion factors. Great opportunities exist to use the framework of these materials design and engineering tools to stimulate corrosion research and development to achieve quantitative life prediction, to incorporate state-of-the-art sensing approaches into experimentation and materials architectures, and to introduce environmental degradation factors into these capabilities. Research Opportunities in Corrosion Science and Engineering identifies grand challenges for the corrosion research community, highlights research opportunities in corrosion science and engineering, and posits a national strategy for corrosion research. It is a logical and necessary complement to the recently published book, Assessment of Corrosion Education, which emphasized that technical education must be supported by academic, industrial, and government research. Although the present report focuses on the government role, this emphasis does not diminish the role of industry or academia.

Direct Synthesis of Metal Complexes

Direct Synthesis of Metal Complexes

Author: B.I. Kharisov

Publisher: Elsevier

ISBN: 9780128110621

Category: Science

Page: 468

View: 212

Direct Synthesis of Metal Complexes provides in-depth coverage of the direct synthesis of coordination and organometallic compounds. The work is primarily organized by methods, but also covers highly relevant complexes, such as metal-polymer coordination compounds. This updated reference discusses recent developments in cryosynthesis, electrosynthesis, and tribosynthesis (popular as it doesn’t require organic solvents), with special attention paid to ‘greener’ methodologies and approaches. Additionally, the book describes physical methods of zero-valent metal interaction with organic matter, including sputtering, ultrasonic treatment and synthesis in ionic liquids. The book presents completely new content as a follow-up to the 1999 Elsevier Science publication Direct Synthesis of Coordination and Organometallic Compounds that was edited by Dr. Garnovskii and Dr. Kharisov. Covers current methods and techniques of metal interactions with organic media leading to metal chelates, adducts, di- and polymetallic complexes, metal-containing macrocycles, supported coordination compounds (i.e., metal complexes on carbon nanotubes), and more Describes reactivities of distinct forms of elemental metals (powders, sheets, nanoparticles (including a host of less-common metal nanostructures) with organic phase (liquid, solid and gaseous) and water Includes experimental procedures, with examples of direct synthesis, at the end of each chapter

Recent Advances in Electrochemical Promotion of Catalysis

Recent Advances in Electrochemical Promotion of Catalysis

Author: Philippe Vernoux

Publisher: Springer Nature

ISBN: 9783031138935

Category: Science

Page: 386

View: 821

This contributed volume provides a critical review of research in the field of Electrochemical Promotion of Catalysis (EPOC). It presents recent developments during the past decade that have led to a better understanding of the field and towards applications of the EPOC concept. The chapters focus on the implementation of EPOC for developing sinter-resistant catalysts, catalysts for hydrogen production, ammonia production and carbon dioxide valorization. The book also highlights the developments towards electropromoted dispersed catalysts and for self-sustained electrochemical promotion which are currently expanding. This authoritative analysis of EPOC is useful for various scientific communities working at the interface of heterogeneous catalysis, solid state electrochemistry and materials science. It is of particular interest to groups whose research focuses on developments towards a better and more sustainable future.

Advances in Nanostructured Composites

Advances in Nanostructured Composites

Author: Mahmood Aliofkhazraei

Publisher: CRC Press

ISBN: 9780429667039

Category: Science

Page: 394

View: 342

The first volume of this book covered Section I: Introduction to Nanocomposites Fabrication and Section II: CNT and Graphene Nanocomposites. The present second volume covers Section III: Recent Applications of Nanocomposites. The second volume aims to provide a guide for different applications of modern nanocomposites especially those fabricated by carbon nanotubes and graphene. The book makes a comparative study of fiber-reinforced composites which have been embedded into the matrix with nanocomposites containing nanotubes in place of fibers. The main topics of this volume are: Electrochemical Properties of Nanoporous Based Materials, Fabrication and Application of Graphene Oxide-based Metal and Metal Oxide Nanocomposites, Electrochemical Sensors/Biosensors Based on Carbon Aerogels/Xerogels, Advances in Nanobiocatalysis: Strategies for Lipase Immobilization and Stabilization, Metal Oxide Based Heterojunction Nanoscale Materials for Chemiresistive Gas Sensors, Recent Advances in Polymer Nanocomposite Coatings for Corrosion Protection, Recent Advances in the Design of Nanocomposite Materials via Laser Techniques for Biomedical Applications, Carbonaceous Nanostructured Composites for Electrochemical Power Sources: Fuel Cells, Supercapacitors and Batteries, Bismuth Vanadate Based Nanostructured and Nanocomposite Photocatalyst Materials for Water Splitting Application.