Theory Of Quantum Liquids

Theory Of Quantum Liquids

Author: Philippe Nozieres

Publisher: Hachette UK

ISBN: 9780813346533

Category: Science

Page: 574

View: 771

Originally published as two separate volumes, The Theory of Quantum Liquids is a classic text that attempts to describe the qualitative and unifying aspects of an extremely broad and diversified field. Volume I deals with ‘normal' Fremi liquids, such as 3He and electrons in metals. Volume II consists of a detailed treatment of Bose condensation and liquid 4He, including the development of a Bose liquid theory and a microscopic basis for the two-fluid model, and the description of the elementary excitations of liquid HeII.

Local Geometry of the Fermi Surface

Local Geometry of the Fermi Surface

Author: Natalya A. Zimbovskaya

Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media

ISBN: 9781461301936

Category: Science

Page: 246

View: 429

A treatment of the Fermi-liquid theory of high-frequency phenomena in metals, in paricular the effects due to local features in the geometry of the Fermi surface. The text develops a consistent theory of several effects, such as cyclotron resonances in magnetic fields normal to the surface. Topics covered include: basic equations of the Fermi-liquid theory; cyclotron Doppler on waves; local anomalies in the Fermi surface; cyclotron resonancce in metals; magneto-acoustic oscillations and the local geometry of the Fermi surface.

Quantum Foundations And Open Quantum Systems: Lecture Notes Of The Advanced School

Quantum Foundations And Open Quantum Systems: Lecture Notes Of The Advanced School

Author: Nieuwenhuizen Theo M

Publisher: World Scientific

ISBN: 9789814616744

Category: Science

Page: 612

View: 317

The Advanced School on Quantum Foundations and Open Quantum Systems was an exceptional combination of lectures. These comprise lectures in standard physics and investigations on the foundations of quantum physics.On the one hand it included lectures on quantum information, quantum open systems, quantum transport and quantum solid state. On the other hand it included lectures on quantum measurement, models for elementary particles, sub-quantum structures and aspects on the philosophy and principles of quantum physics.The special program of this school offered a broad outlook on the current and near future fundamental research in theoretical physics.The lectures are at the level of PhD students.

The Electron Liquid Paradigm in Condensed Matter Physics

The Electron Liquid Paradigm in Condensed Matter Physics

Author: G. Vignale

Publisher: IOS Press

ISBN: 9781614990130

Category: Science

Page: 560

View: 427

The electron liquid paradigm is at the basis of most of our current understanding of the physical properties of electronic systems. Quite remarkably, the latter are nowadays at the intersection of the most exciting areas of science: materials science, quantum chemistry, nano-electronics, biology and quantum computation. Accordingly, its importance can hardly be overestimated. During the past 20 years the field has witnessed momentous developments, which are partly covered in this new volume. Advances in semiconductor technology have allowed the realizations of ultra-pure electron liquids whose density, unlike that of the ones spontaneously occurring in nature, can be tuned by electrical means, allowing a systematic exploration of both strongly and weakly correlated regimes. Most of these system are two- or even one-dimensional and can be coupled together in the form of multi-layers or multi-wires, opening vast observational possibilities. On the theoretical side, quantum Monte Carlo methods have allowed an essentially exact determination of the ground-state energy of the electron liquid, and have provided partial answers to the still open question of the structure of its phase diagram. Starting from the 1980s some truly revolutionary concepts have emerged, which are well represented in this volume.

Fractional Quantum Hall Effects: New Developments

Fractional Quantum Hall Effects: New Developments

Author: Bertrand I Halperin

Publisher: World Scientific

ISBN: 9789811217500

Category: Science

Page: 552

View: 897

The fractional quantum Hall effect has been one of the most active areas of research in quantum condensed matter physics for nearly four decades, serving as a paradigm for unexpected and exotic emergent behavior arising from interactions. This book, featuring a collection of articles written by experts and a Foreword by Klaus von Klitzing, the discoverer of quantum Hall effect and winner of 1985 Nobel Prize in physics, aims to provide a coherent account of the exciting new developments and the current status of the field.

Interacting Electrons

Interacting Electrons

Author: Richard M. Martin

Publisher: Cambridge University Press

ISBN: 9781316558560

Category: Science

Page:

View: 159

Recent progress in the theory and computation of electronic structure is bringing an unprecedented level of capability for research. Many-body methods are becoming essential tools vital for quantitative calculations and understanding materials phenomena in physics, chemistry, materials science and other fields. This book provides a unified exposition of the most-used tools: many-body perturbation theory, dynamical mean field theory and quantum Monte Carlo simulations. Each topic is introduced with a less technical overview for a broad readership, followed by in-depth descriptions and mathematical formulation. Practical guidelines, illustrations and exercises are chosen to enable readers to appreciate the complementary approaches, their relationships, and the advantages and disadvantages of each method. This book is designed for graduate students and researchers who want to use and understand these advanced computational tools, get a broad overview, and acquire a basis for participating in new developments.

Advanced Quantum Condensed Matter Physics

Advanced Quantum Condensed Matter Physics

Author: Michael El-Batanouny

Publisher: Cambridge University Press

ISBN: 9781108480840

Category: Science

Page: 850

View: 515

Based on an established course, this comprehensive textbook on advanced quantum condensed matter physics covers one-body, many-body and topological perspectives. Discussing modern topics and containing end-of-chapter exercises throughout, it is ideal for graduate students studying advanced condensed matter physics.

Fundamentals of the Physics of Solids

Fundamentals of the Physics of Solids

Author: Jenö Sólyom

Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media

ISBN: 9783642045189

Category: Science

Page: 747

View: 438

This book is the third of a three-volume series written by the same author. It aims to deliver a comprehensive and self-contained account of the fundamentals of the physics of solids. In the presentation of the properties and experimentally observed phenomena together with the basic concepts and theoretical methods, it goes far beyond most classic texts. The essential features of various experimental techniques are also explained. This volume is devoted mostly to the discussion of the effects of electron—electron interaction beyond the one-electron approximation. The density-functional theory is introduced to account for correlation effects. The response to external perturbations is discussed in the framework of linear response theory. Landau’s Fermi-liquid theory is followed by the theory of Luttinger liquids. The subsequent chapters are devoted to electronic phases with broken symmetry: to itinerant magnetism, to spin- and charge-density waves and their realizations in quasi-one-dimensional materials, as well as to the microscopic theory of superconductivity. An overview is given of the physics of strongly correlated systems. The last chapter covers selected problems in the physics of disordered systems.

Quantum Field Theory for the Gifted Amateur

Quantum Field Theory for the Gifted Amateur

Author: Tom Lancaster

Publisher: Oxford University Press

ISBN: 9780199699322

Category: Science

Page: 485

View: 962

Quantum field theory provides the theoretical backbone to most modern physics. This book is designed to bring quantum field theory to a wider audience of physicists. It is packed with worked examples, witty diagrams, and applications intended to introduce a new audience to this revolutionary theory.

Mathematical Results in Quantum Mechanics

Mathematical Results in Quantum Mechanics

Author: Pavel Exner

Publisher: World Scientific

ISBN: 9789814618151

Category: Mathematics

Page: 396

View: 200

The book provides a comprehensive overview on the state of the art of the quantum part of mathematical physics. In particular, it contains contributions to the spectral theory of Schrödinger and random operators, quantum field theory, relativistic quantum mechanics and interacting many-body systems. It also presents an overview on the achievements in mathematical physics since the last conference QMath11 held at Hradec Kralove, Czechia in 2010. Contents:Plenary Talks:A Bound for the Eigenvalue Counting Function for Higher-Order Krein Laplacians on Open Sets (F Gesztesy, M Mitrea, S Sukhtaiev and A Laptev)Trace Formulae for the Asymptotic Density of Eigenvalue Clusters for the Perturbed Landau Hamiltonian (T Lungenstrass and G D Raikov)On Long Range Behaviour of van der Waals Force (I Anapolitanos and I M Sigal)Quantum Spin Correlations and Random Loops (D Ueltschi)Equidistribution Estimates for Eigenfunctions and Eigenvalue Bounds for Random Operators (D Borisov, M Tautenhahn and I Veselić)Invited Section Talks:Vector Quantum Fields (J Dereziński)On the BCS Gap Equation for Superfluid Fermionic Gases (G Bräunlich, C Hainzl and R Seiringer)Improved Hardy Inequality in Twisted Tubes (H Kovařík)Microscopic Foundations of Ohm and Joule's Laws — The Relevance of Thermodynamics (J-B Bru and W de Siqueira Pedra)The Quantum Marginal Problem (C Schilling)Hartree-Fock Dynamics for Weakly Interacting Fermions (N Benedikter, M Porta and B Schlein)Contributed Talks:On the Ground State Energy of the Multipolaron in the Strong Coupling Limit (I Anapolitanos and B Landon)A Variation on Smilansky's Model (D Barseghyan and P Exner)Deriving the Gross-Pitaevskii Equation (N Benedikter)Boundary Triplets Approach for Dirac Operator (A A Boitsev)Bose-Einstein Condensation on Quantum Graphs (J Bolte and J Kerner)Description of Quantum and Classical Dynamics via Feynman Formulae (Ya A Butko)Asymptotic Observables, Propagation Estimates and the Problem of Asymptotic Completeness in Algebraic QFT (W Dybalski)Recent Probabilistic Results on Covariant Schrödinger Operators on Infinite Weighted Graphs (B Güneysu and O Milatovic)Resolvent Expansion for the Discrete One-Dimensional Schrödinger Operator (K Ito and A Jensen)Spectral Asymptotics for a δ′ Interaction Supported by an Infinite Curve (M Jex)Asymptotically Predefined Spectral Gaps for the Neumann Laplacian in Periodic Domains (A Khrabustovskyi)Graph Model for the Stokes Flow (M O Kovaleva and I Yu Popov)Point Contacts and Boundary Triples (V Lotoreichik, H Neidhardt and I Yu Popov)Trace Formulas for Singular and Additive Non-Selfadjoint Perturbations (M M Malamud and H Neidhardt)On δ′-Couplings at Graph Vertices (S S Manko)Stochastic Calculus and Non-Relativistic QED (B Güneysu, O Matte and J S Møller)Estimates for Numbers of Negative Eigenvalues of Laplacian for Y-Type Chain of Weakly Coupled Ball Resonators (A S Melikhova)On Thermodynamical Couplings of Quantum Mechanics and Macroscopic Systems (A Mielke)Almost Sure Purely Singular Continuous Spectrum for Quasicrystal Models (C Seifert)Adiabatic Theorems With and Without Spectral Gap Condition for Non-Semisimple Spectral Values (J Schmid)An Eigenvalue Counting Theorem with Applications to Random Schrödinger Operators (D Schmidt)System of Fermions with Zero-Range Interactions (A Teta) Readership: Graduate students, professionals and researchers in mathematical physics, quantum mechanics and field theory, quantum information, quantum chaos and physics of social systems. Key Features:Collection of state-of-the-art papers in mathematical physicsProminent contributorsShows the actual research topics in mathematical physicsKeywords:Schrödinger Operator;Spectral Theory;Random Operators;Quantum Field Theory;Relativistic Quantum Mechanics;Interacting Many-Body Systems