As outlined by Dr. V. Donoghue in her preface, recent advances in the therapeutic manage ment of neonates with low gestational age have resulted in a significantly high er survival rate and better outcome for these newborns. Lung and heart malformations or acquired diseases represent a major part of the life threatening conditions in this group of critically ill patients, and radiological imaging is one of the main tools to define the appropriate therapeutic approach. This book not only provides an excellent update on the embryological and anatomical aspects of neonatal ehest conditions but also offers a unique and comprehensive overview of our current knowledge and of recent progress in imaging techniques of the neonatal ehest. Dr. Donoghue has been successful in engaging a number of outstandingly qualified international experts to contribute to this work, and I would like to congratulate her on the excellent coordination and editing of this book. I am confident that this outstanding volume will meet with great interest not only from general as well as specialised paediatric radiologists but also from neonatologists and paediatricians. I hope it will enjoy the same success as many previous volumes in this senes. Leuven ALBERT 1. BAERT Preface In the past two deeades there have been extraordinary advanees in the treatment of eritically ill neonates, resulting in improvements in their survival and a signifieant deerease in morbid ity. Infants of very low gestational ages are now surviving.
Radiography is an integral part of paediatric health care. It is frequently requested to assist in the diagnosis, management and treatment of childhood disease and illness. Accurate interpretation of paediatric radiographs can depend entirely on the quality of images produced by the radiographer, yet there are few books available on this crucial aspect of radiographic practice. Paediatric Radiography fills a gap. It explores radiographic practice within the context of the modern health service and focuses on how our knowledge and understanding of paediatric growth, development and illness can inform and influence radiographic procedures. It includes detailed coverage of specific paediatric techniques and good practice models, including the role of multi-modality imaging, and looks specifically at radiation protection, the chest and upper airways, the abdomen, neonatal radiography, trauma, orthopaedics, and non-accidental injury.
For all radiologists diagnosing infants and children, knowledge of best practices in pediatric imaging is essential to safely obtaining high-quality images and achieving accurate diagnoses. This practical text covers current guidelines and key topics in the field, including choice of modality, equipment and dosages, child-specific diseases, typical imaging findings, differential diagnostic aspects, and safety factors. This book is invaluable for all clinicians and radiologists who diagnose and manage this sensitive population. Special Features: Explores the use of all standard imaging modalities in children as compared to adults, especially with regard to ultrasound, CT, and MRI Supplies more than 600 high-quality images to help in interpreting findings, including imaging of suspected child abuse Shows how to adapt examination protocols and equipment requirements for the specialized needs of pediatric patients Describes important safety protection measures in children utilizing the ALARA principle of radiation exposure (As Low As Reasonably Achievable) Summarizes a wide array of pediatric diseases and disorders in a concise, checklist format, including clinical features, imaging findings, differential diagnosis, associated syndromes, and treatment recommendations Includes lists of indications, summary tables, imaging protocols, case studies, and quiz questions to test your knowledge This book provides a fundamental understanding of imaging in infants and children and is an ideal, practice-oriented reference for residents, fellows in pediatric radiology, and general radiologists. It is also written for pediatricians, pediatric surgeons, and other interested doctors and specialists who want to know more about imaging specifics in the pediatric age group.
Optimize diagnostic accuracy with Problem Solving in Pediatric Imaging, a new volume in the Problem Solving in Radiology series. This concise title offers quick, authoritative guidance from experienced radiologists who focus on the problematic conditions you’re likely to see—and how to reach an accurate diagnosis in an efficient manner. Addresses the practical aspects of pediatric imaging—perfect for practitioners, fellows, and senior level residents who may or may not specialize in pediatric radiology, but need to use and understand it. Integrates problem-solving techniques throughout, addressing questions such as, "If I see this, what do I need to consider? What are my next steps?" Presents content in a highly useful, real-world manner, with sections on conventional radiography in the ED, NICU, PICU, and CICU; fluoroscopy; body imaging; and neuroradiology. Imaging findings are merged with clinical, anatomic, developmental, and molecular information to extract key diagnostic and therapeutic information. Contains a section on special topics with chapters on radiation safety and quality assurance. Features hundreds of high-quality color images and anatomic drawings that provide a clear picture of what to look for when interpreting studies. Illustrations conveying normal anatomy help you gain an in-depth perspective of each pathology.
The new edition of this popular textbook of pediatric radiology presents a clear and concise overview of pediatric disease in the neonate, infant, and young child. Organized by organ system, each chapter covers normal anatomy and variations, congenital anomalies, and common disease processes. Many normal films are included as a basis for understanding pathology and recognizing normal variants that are easily confused with abnormal findings. New to the Fifth Edition: an appendix of differential diagnosis/summary tables for quick reference, expanded chapters on the abdomen and head, and material on 3-D imaging and HRCT.
This popular book covers the “how-to” of the respiratory care of newborns in outline format. It includes case studies for self-review and is illustrated with high quality radiographic images, figures, tables, and algorithms. Written and edited by international experts, the Third Edition is a thorough update and remains a convenient source of practical information on respiratory physiology, exam techniques, tips for performing procedures, radiography, ventilation, pain management, transport, and discharge planning. ·Up-to-date clinical information from world experts ·Case studies ·Easy-to-consult outline format ·Condensed information about all of the major mechanical ventilators (e.g., modes, displays, and alarms) “The extent of coverage, easy readability, superb organization [and] ...practical pearls make [this book] worthwhile...simply a great bargain.” --Journal of Perinatology (review of a previous edition)
Written by internationally renowned experts, this is a collection of chapters dealing with imaging diagnosis and interventional therapies in abdominal and pelvic disease. The different topics are disease-oriented and encompass all the relevant imaging modalities including X-ray technology, nuclear medicine, ultrasound and magnetic resonance, as well as image-guided interventional techniques.
Extensively updated and featuring a new editorial team, the 6th Edition of Assisted Ventilation of the Neonate, by Drs. Jay P. Goldsmith, Edward Karotkin, Gautham Suresh, and Martin Keszler, continues to be a must-have reference for the entire NICU. Still the only fully comprehensive guide in this fast-changing area, it provides expert guidance on contemporary management of neonatal respiratory diseases, with an emphasis on evidence-based pharmacologic and technologic advances to improve outcomes and quality of life in newborns. A new full-color design and chapter layout combine for quick and easy reference. Covers everything you need to know about respiratory management in neonates: general principles and concepts; assessment, diagnosis and monitoring methods; therapeutic respiratory interventions; adjunctive interventions; and special situations and outcomes. Covers basic concepts of pulmonary pathophysiology and gives practical guidance on providing neonatal respiratory support with a variety of techniques, so you can learn both basic and advanced methods in one volume. Offers more than 30 appendices that help you quickly find normal values, assessment charts, ICU flow charts, procedure steps and other useful, printable forms. Reflects the rapid evolution of approaches to respiratory care, including the shift to non-invasive support, as well as changes in oxygenation targets, high-flow nasal therapy, volume ventilation, and sophisticated microprocessor-controlled ventilators. Completely new information on many previously covered topics, including ethical and legal issues related to neonatal mechanical ventilation. Features 11 entirely new chapters, including Radiography, Lung Ultrasound and Other Imaging Modalities; Non-invasive Monitoring of Gas Exchange; Airway Evaluation: Bronchoscopy, Laryngoscopy, Tracheal Aspirates; Special Ventilation Techniques; Cardiovascular Therapy and PPHN; and Quality Improvement in Respiratory Care . Includes new opening summaries that highlight key information in each chapter.
A must-have reference for the entire NICU, Goldsmith’s Assisted Ventilation of the Neonate, 7th Edition, is the only fully comprehensive, evidence-based guide to all aspects of this fast-changing field. Easy to use and multidisciplinary in scope, this trusted reference provides authoritative guidance on contemporary management of neonatal respiratory diseases, with an emphasis on evidence-based pharmacologic and technologic advances that improve outcomes and quality of life in newborns. It’s an outstanding resource for neonatologists and NICU professionals to acquire new knowledge and techniques in this critical area of neonatal care. Covers all aspects of both basic and advanced respiratory management of neonates: general principles and concepts; assessment, diagnosis and monitoring methods; therapeutic respiratory interventions; adjunctive interventions; and special situations and outcomes. Provides updated content on rapidly changing technology and guidelines for assisted ventilation, with up-to-date descriptions of bedside methodologies and the rationale for providing all types of ventilator care in infants. Contains new chapters on respiratory gas conditioning, diagnosis and management of PPHN, care of the infant with CDH, gaps in knowledge, and future directions. Includes significant updates on cardiovascular assessment and management, as well as complications of respiratory support. Provides extensive, full-color visual support with photographs, drawings, charts and diagrams, and radiographic images throughout. Features more than 30 appendices that help you quickly find normal values, assessment charts, ICU flow charts, procedure steps and other useful, printable forms.
For a long time, imaging of the chest was based on the use of either radiography, demonstrating lung morphology, or scintigraphy, looking at lung function. However, as a result of recent developments in CT and MRI technology it is now possible to perform dedicated investigations of different aspects of lung function, such as ventilation, perfusion, gas exchange, and respiratory mechanics. This volume, written by acknowledged experts in the field, provides a well-illustrated and comprehensive review of these novel approaches to functional imaging of the chest. It will be of great assistance to all who are establishing such strategies in the research or clinical arenas for the diagnostic work-up and follow-up of patients with lung diseases.
One of the first book's to deal specifically with imaging of the entire spectrum of hematological malignancies. The use of the latest imaging modalities is well described, and an important aspect of the book is the role of imaging techniques in differentiating between manifestations of the underlying disease and complications of treatment. Each of the 28 chapters is written by an internationally recognized expert, making this book the most current and complete treatment of this subject available. Includes many high-quality radiological and histological illustrations. It should be of great interest to radiologists and hematologists.
For several decades, the diagnosis of diseases affecting the ureter was based on intravenous excretory urography and techniques of direct opacification. However, the diagnostic strategy has been extensively modified by the advent of helical computed tomography and magnetic resonance imaging. This book, the first to focus specifically on ureteral imaging, covers both the new and the traditional techniques. Their use in the variety of scenarios involving ureteral disease is clearly elucidated with the aid of high-quality informative images.