The analysis of eigenvalues of Laplace and Schrödinger operators is an important and classical topic in mathematical physics with many applications. This book presents a thorough introduction to the area, suitable for masters and graduate students, and includes an ample amount of background material on the spectral theory of linear operators in Hilbert spaces and on Sobolev space theory. Of particular interest is a family of inequalities by Lieb and Thirring on eigenvalues of Schrödinger operators, which they used in their proof of stability of matter. The final part of this book is devoted to the active research on sharp constants in these inequalities and contains state-of-the-art results, serving as a reference for experts and as a starting point for further research.
Inequalities play a fundamental role in Functional Analysis and it is widely recognized that finding them, especially sharp estimates, is an art. E. H. Lieb has discovered a host of inequalities that are enormously useful in mathematics as well as in physics. His results are collected in this book which should become a standard source for further research. Together with the mathematical proofs the author also presents numerous applications to the calculus of variations and to many problems of quantum physics, in particular to atomic physics.
Specifically designed to introduce graduate students to the functional integration method in contemporary physics as painlessly as possible, the book concentrates on the conceptual problems inherent in the path integral formalism. Throughout, the striking interplay between stochastic processes, statistical physics and quantum mechanics comes to the fore, and all the methods of fundamental interest are generously illustrated by important physical examples.
Devoted to the theory of linear operators in Hilbert spaces and its applications, the subjects covered in this book range from the abstract theory of Toeplitz operators to the analysis of very specific differential operators arising in quantum mechanics, electromagnetism, and the theory of elasticity.
This volume stems from the Linde Hall Inaugural Math Symposium, held from February 22–24, 2019, at California Institute of Technology, Pasadena, California. The content isolates and discusses nine mathematical problems, or sets of problems, in a deep way, but starting from scratch. Included among them are the well-known problems of the classification of finite groups, the Navier-Stokes equations, the Birch and Swinnerton-Dyer conjecture, and the continuum hypothesis. The other five problems, also of substantial importance, concern the Lieb–Thirring inequalities, the equidistribution problems in number theory, surface bundles, ramification in covers and curves, and the gap and type problems in Fourier analysis. The problems are explained succinctly, with a discussion of what is known and an elucidation of the outstanding issues. An attempt is made to appeal to a wide audience, both in terms of the field of expertise and the level of the reader.
"This volume is dedicated to the eightieth birthday of Professor M. Sh. Birman. It contains original articles in spectral and scattering theory of differential operators, in particular, Schrodinger operators, and in homogenization theory. All articles are written by members of M. Sh. Birman's research group who are affiliated with different universities all over the world. A specific feature of the majority of the papers is a combination of traditional methods with new modern ideas."--BOOK JACKET.
This proceedings volume is a collection of articles from the Pan-American Advanced Studies Institute on partial differential equations, nonlinear analysis and inverse problems held in Santiago (Chile). Interactions among partial differential equations, nonlinear analysis, and inverse problems have produced remarkable developments over the last couple of decades. This volume contains survey articles reflecting the work of leading experts who presented minicourses at the event. Contributors include J. Busca, Y. Capdeboscq, M.S. Vogelius, F. A. Grunbaum, L. F. Matusevich, M. de Hoop, and P. Kuchment. The volume is suitable for graduate students and researchers interested in partial differential equations and their applications in nonlinear analysis and inverse problems.
The book contains the contributions to the conference on "Partial Differential Equations" held in Holzhau (Germany) in July 1994, where outstanding specialists from analysis, geometry and mathematical physics reviewed recent progress and new interactions in these areas. Topics of special interest at the conference and which now form the core of this volume are hyperbolic operators, spectral theory for elliptic operators, eta-invariant, singular configura- tions and asymptotics, Bergman-kernel, attractors of non-autonomous evolution equations, pseudo-differential boundary value problems, Mellin pseudo- differential operators, approximation and stability problems for elliptic operators, and operator determinants. In spectral theory adiabatic and semiclassical limits, Dirichlet decoupling and domain perturbations, capacity of obstacles, limiting absorption problems, N-body scattering, and number of bound states are considered. Schrödinger operators are studied with magnetic fields, with random and with many-body potentials, and for nonlinear problems. In semigroup theory the Feller property, errors for product formulas, fractional powers of generators, and functional integration for relativistic semigroups are analyzed.
Contains the proceedings of the conference on Spectral and Scattering Theory for Quantum Magnetic Systems, which took place at CIRM, Luminy, France, in July 2008. This volume includes original results presented by some of the invited speakers and surveys on advances in the mathematical theory of quantum magnetic Hamiltonians.
This volume contains the proceedings of the OTAMP 2008 (Operator Theory, Analysis and Mathematical Physics) conference held at the Mathematical Research and Conference Center in Bedlewo near Poznan. It is composed of original research articles describing important results presented at the conference, some with extended review sections, as well as presentations by young researchers. Special sessions were devoted to random and quasi-periodic differential operators, orthogonal polynomials, Jacobi and CMV matrices, and quantum graphs. This volume also reflects new trends in spectral theory, where much emphasis is given to operators with magnetic fields and non-self-adjoint problems. The book is geared towards scientists from advanced undergraduate students to researchers interested in the recent development on the borderline between operator theory and mathematical physics, especially spectral theory for Schrödinger operators and Jacobi matrices.