Social Cognition in Schizophrenia

Social Cognition in Schizophrenia

Author: David L. Roberts

Publisher: Oxford University Press

ISBN: 9780199777587

Category: Medical

Page: 449

View: 202

Social Cognition in Schizophrenia: From Evidence to Treatment provides a firm grounding in the theory and research of normal social cognition, builds on this base to describe how social cognition appears to be dysfunctional in schizophrenia, and explains how this dysfunction might be ameliorated.

Neurocognition and Social Cognition in Schizophrenia Patients

Neurocognition and Social Cognition in Schizophrenia Patients

Author: Volker Roder

Publisher: Karger Medical and Scientific Publishers

ISBN: 9783805593380

Category: Medical

Page: 190

View: 409

Research shows that neuro- and social cognition have a decisive influence on functional outcome in people with schizophrenia. In this publication, world-renowned experts summarize the latest research on approaches to assessing and treating cognition in schizophrenia. The book is organized to take the reader through the steps from definitions and assessment of cognition to research on the relevance of cognition in everyday life, to chapters which focus on treatments for cognitive disorders. The reader will learn about the NIMH MATRICS initiative which has provided clinicians and researchers with the tools to define and assess neuro- and social cognitive functioning in people with schizophrenia. Then the treatments for neuro and social cognitive deficits are discussed in several chapters which give an overview of cognitive remediation approaches, accompanied by concrete treatment examples. The reader will also learn about the latest results of pharmacological interventions for cognitive deficits. A final chapter focuses on the importance of addressing motivational deficits when treating cognition, and offers treatment approaches to enhance motivation. This publication is essential reading for clinicians and researchers in the fields of psychiatry, psychology as well as students and other professions working with people who have schizophrenia.

Social Cognition in Psychosis

Social Cognition in Psychosis

Author: Kathryn Eve Lewandowski

Publisher: Academic Press

ISBN: 9780128156346

Category: Psychology

Page: 345

View: 627

Social Cognition in Psychosis combines current research on phenotypes, neurobiology, and existing evidence on the assessment and treatment of various forms of psychoses. The book presents various treatment options, including assessment approaches, tools and training methods that aid in the rehabilitation of patients with psychotic disorders. Social cognition is a set of psychological processes related to understanding, recognizing, processing and appropriately using social stimuli in one's environment. Individuals with psychotic disorders consistently exhibit impairments in social cognition. As a result, social cognition has been an important target for intervention, with recent efforts trying to enhance early recovery among individuals with psychotic disorders. Provides an overview of social cognition in relation to various forms of psychotic disorders Includes assessment and treatment for social cognition dysfunction in psychoses Discusses the genetics and heritability theory of social cognitive dysfunction in psychosis Defines the neurobiology of social cognitive dysfunctions

Social Cognition and Metacognition in Schizophrenia

Social Cognition and Metacognition in Schizophrenia

Author: Paul Lysaker

Publisher: Elsevier

ISBN: 9780124051744

Category: Psychology

Page: 354

View: 490

Deficits in social cognition and metacognition in schizophrenics makes it difficult for them to understand the speech, facial expressions and hence emotion and intention of others, as well as allowing little insight into their own mental state. These deficits are associated with poor social skills, fewer social relationships, and are predictive of poorer performance in a work setting. Social Cognition and Metacognition in Schizophrenia reviews recent research advances focusing on the precise nature of these deficits, when and how they manifest themselves, what their effect is on the course of schizophrenia, and how each can be treated. These deficits may themselves be why schizophrenia is so difficult to resolve; by focusing on the deficits, recovery may be quicker and long lasting. This book discusses such deficits in early onset, first episode, and prolonged schizophrenia; how the deficits relate to each other and to other forms of psychopathology; how the deficits affect social, psychological, and vocational functioning; and how best to treat the deficits in either individual or group settings. Summarizes the types of social cognitive and metacognitive deficits present in schizophrenia Discusses how deficits are related to each other and to other forms of psychopathology Describes how deficits impact function and affect the recovery process Provides treatment approaches for these deficits

Social Cognition and Interaction Training (SCIT)

Social Cognition and Interaction Training (SCIT)

Author: David L. Roberts

Publisher: Oxford University Press

ISBN: 9780199346622

Category: Psychology

Page: 257

View: 615

Impairments in social functioning are among the hallmark characteristics of schizophrenia. These deficits predict relapse rate and may be independent of better-studied symptoms such as hallucinations. Additionally, studies indicate that social functioning is one of the most important domains for individuals with schizophrenia, many of whom consider social functioning to be a key area of unmet need. Social Cognition and Interaction Training (SCIT) is a group psychotherapy for individuals with schizophrenia and other psychotic disorders. Social cognition refers to the thinking processes that people use to navigate the social world. Deficits in social cognition hinder people with schizophrenia and other mental illnesses from living meaningful, socially connected lives. The SCIT Clinician Guide provides comprehensive instruction for mental health professionals to enhance social cognition and promote rewarding social lives for their clients. SCIT is appropriate for adults suffering from psychotic illness and who have interpersonal difficulties as a result. SCIT is particularly appropriate for individuals with symptoms of suspiciousness and paranoia. The authors summarize the rationale and theoretical underpinnings of SCIT, distinguish it from other treatments for psychosis, provide an overview of the intervention, explain the links between the intervention activities and the underlying theoretical model, and describe SCIT implementation session-by-session. SCIT is a 20- to 24-week group-based treatment that can be delivered by mental health clinicians of all levels in a wide range of community and hospital settings. SCIT uses exercises, games, discussion formats, and interactive social stimuli to target and improve specific areas of social cognitive dysfunction, and includes user-friendly tips and handouts for clients. It also provides web access to a library of videos, images and slide shows that are used to bring the SCIT training sessions to life.

Social Cognition in Psychosis

Social Cognition in Psychosis

Author: Kathryn Eve Lewandowski

Publisher: Academic Press

ISBN: 9780128153154

Category: Psychology

Page: 346

View: 313

Social Cognition in Psychosis combines current research on phenotypes, neurobiology, and existing evidence on the assessment and treatment of various forms of psychoses. The book presents various treatment options, including assessment approaches, tools and training methods that aid in the rehabilitation of patients with psychotic disorders. Social cognition is a set of psychological processes related to understanding, recognizing, processing and appropriately using social stimuli in one's environment. Individuals with psychotic disorders consistently exhibit impairments in social cognition. As a result, social cognition has been an important target for intervention, with recent efforts trying to enhance early recovery among individuals with psychotic disorders. Provides an overview of social cognition in relation to various forms of psychotic disorders Includes assessment and treatment for social cognition dysfunction in psychoses Discusses the genetics and heritability theory of social cognitive dysfunction in psychosis Defines the neurobiology of social cognitive dysfunctions

Clinical Disorders of Social Cognition

Clinical Disorders of Social Cognition

Author: Skye McDonald

Publisher: Routledge

ISBN: 9781000435023

Category: Psychology

Page: 404

View: 383

Clinical Disorders of Social Cognition provides contemporary neuroscientific theories of social cognition in a wide range of conditions across the lifespan. Taking a trans-diagnostic approach to understanding these disorders, it discusses how they present in different conditions, ranging from brain injury to neurodevelopmental disorders, psychiatric conditions and dementia. Social cognitive disorders directly impact upon individuals’ work, leisure and social functioning. This book also collates and critiques the best and most useful assessment tools across the different disorders and coalesces research into intervention strategies across disorders to provide practical information about how such disorders can be assessed and treated so individuals can have meaningful, effective and satisfying social interactions. This book is essential reading for clinicians who work with people with clinical disorders and who are looking for new knowledge to understand, assess and treat their clients with social cognitive impairment. It will also appeal to students and professionals in clinical neuropsychology, speech and language pathology and researchers who are interested in learning more about the social brain and understanding how evidence from clinical conditions can inform this.

Schizophrenia and Common Sense

Schizophrenia and Common Sense

Author: Inês Hipólito

Publisher: Springer

ISBN: 9783319739939

Category: Philosophy

Page: 254

View: 525

This book explores the relationship between schizophrenia and common sense. It approaches this theme from a multidisciplinary perspective. Coverage features contributions from phenomenology, cognitive neuroscience, philosophy of mind, psychology, and social cognition. The contributors address the following questions: How relevant is the loss of common sense in schizophrenia? How can the study of schizophrenia contribute to the study of common sense? How to understand and explain this loss of common sense? They also consider: What is the relationship of practical reasoning and logical formal reasoning with schizophrenia? What is the relationship between the person with a diagnosis of schizophrenia and social values? Chapters examine such issues as rationality, emotions, self, and delusion. In addition, one looks at brain structure and neurotransmission. Others explore phenomenological and Wittgensteinian theories. The book features papers from the Schizophrenia and Common Sense International Workshop, held at New University of Lisbon, November 2015. It offers new insights into this topic and will appeal to researchers, students, as well as interested general readers.

Cognitive Impairment in Schizophrenia

Cognitive Impairment in Schizophrenia

Author: Philip D. Harvey

Publisher: Cambridge University Press

ISBN: 9781107013209

Category: Medical

Page: 341

View: 268

Provides state-of-the-art information about cognition in schizophrenia with a wide ranging focus on measuring and treating cognitive deficits.

Cognitive Remediation to Improve Functional Outcomes

Cognitive Remediation to Improve Functional Outcomes

Author: Alice Medalia

Publisher: Oxford University Press

ISBN: 9780199395231

Category: Psychology

Page: 256

View: 399

Clinical research on the effectiveness of cognitive remediation (CR) indicates that while most approaches will improve cognitive functioning for persons with severe mental illnesses, only certain methods also improve functioning in areas such as independent living, work, and school performance. Cognitive Remediation to Improve Functional Outcomes provides mental health practitioners with the background knowledge, hands-on methods, and tools they need to provide CR to patients in a way that maximizes the transfer of cognitive gains to everyday functioning. An outstanding group of international experts have contributed chapters that provide information on assessment, treatment planning, groups, cultural sensitivity, and specific CR techniques to promote functional change. Clinicians will come to understand the variety of treatment methods and how they can be applied to the diverse range of individuals who stand to benefit from cognitive remediation. This is the first practitioner-oriented resource on CR to provide information on how to tailor the treatment to meet the functional needs of patients. For clinicians working in outpatient or inpatient psychiatric settings, this volume will be critically important in daily work with clients.