The Functional Anatomy of the Reticular Formation

The Functional Anatomy of the Reticular Formation

Author: Ugo Faraguna

Publisher: Frontiers Media SA

ISBN: 9782889630288

Category:

Page: 154

View: 990

The brainstem reticular formation is the archaic core of ascending and descending pathways connecting the brain with spinal cord. After the pioneer description of the activating role of the ascending reticular activating system by Moruzzi and Magoun in 1949, an increasing number of studies have contributed to disclose the multifaceted roles of this brain area. In fact, the brainstem reticular formation sub-serves a variety of brain activities such as the modulation of the sleep-waking cycle, the level of arousal and attention, the drive for novelty seeking behaviors and mood. Meanwhile, descending pathways play a key role in posture modulation, extrapyramidal movements, and autonomic functions such as breathing and blood pressure. Moreover, both descending and ascending fibers of the reticular formation are critical in gating the sensory inputs and play a critical role in pain modulation and gaze control. All these activities are impaired when a damage affects critical nuclei of the reticular formation. Remarkably, in neurodegenerative diseases involving reticular nuclei, the rich collaterals interconnecting reticular isodendritic neurons represent a gateway for disease spreading placing the role of the reticular nuclei as a pivot in a variety of brain disorders. The present Research Topic is an updated collection of recent studies, which contribute to define the systematic anatomy of the reticular formation, its physiological and pharmacological features, as well as its involvement in neurodegenerative disorders and neuroprotection.

Neuromodulation for Facial Pain

Neuromodulation for Facial Pain

Author: K.V. Slavin

Publisher: Karger Medical and Scientific Publishers

ISBN: 9783318067958

Category: Medical

Page: 200

View: 796

Neuropathic pain involving the face can be very severe and disabling; often, it is hard to control with conventional means and requires use of unconventional interventions on various parts of the trigeminal nociceptive pathways. For the last 60 years, neuromodulation has been used specifically for the treatment of intractable pain in different parts of the human body, including the face and head region. Despite such a long history and existence of many neuromodulation targets, there has not been a dedicated book that would summarize the entire spectrum of neuromodulation approaches that have been – and still are – used for treatment of facial pain. This book begins with dedicated chapters on classification of facial pain and anatomy of facial pain pathways and then dives into specific applications of neuromodulation starting from the periphery all the way to cerebral centers of pain processing, covering both invasive and non-invasive approaches. Written by experts from all over the word, the book offers an up-to-date comprehensive summary of neuromodulation techniques and modalities, providing the readers with a practical guide on clinical details of patient selection, modulation parameters, procedural details, and expected outcomes that may be used in daily clinical practice dealing with most difficult facial pain conditions.

Perioperative Pain Management

Perioperative Pain Management

Author: Richard D. Urman

Publisher: Oxford University Press

ISBN: 9780199343980

Category: Medical

Page: 144

View: 640

Millions of procedures, surgical and non-surgical, are performed around the world each year. Management of perioperative pain is of great importance to patients, and a critical management issue for physicians and other health professionals who provide perioperative care. Healthcare facilities and national accrediting organizations have established standards surrounding proper management of perioperative pain. There is now an increased burden on every hospital and training program to ensure that healthcare providers understand the essentials of pain management and are able to recognize and treat pain in a timely fashion. Poorly controlled pain leads to patient dissatisfaction and contributes to increased morbidity and mortality, such as myocardial infarction, pneumonia, and emotional effects. Proper management, including appropriate pharmacologic management and regional analgesic techniques, can improve function and shorten length of hospital stay. Patients who are undergoing procedures under sedation or anesthesia need to receive adequate pain relief with drugs or regional anesthetic techniques. In the recovery room following the procedure, the staff taking care of the patient needs to be properly trained to diagnose and treat post-procedural pain. Part of the Oxford American Pain Library, this concise, evidence-based clinical guide serves as a tool for every clinician who wishes to understand the basic mechanisms, pharmacology, invasive and noninvasive treatment modalities, guidelines and development of pain management protocols. The authors address new technologies, chronic pain issues, running an acute pain service, opioid and non-opioid pharmacology (including newly approved drugs), epidural and other regional anesthesia, and special populations such as pediatric patients, the elderly, and patients with a co-existing disease.

Pain in Women

Pain in Women

Author: May L. Chin

Publisher: Oxford University Press

ISBN: 9780199796410

Category: Medical

Page: 348

View: 302

This book addresses the current understanding of mechanisms related to sex differences, and the clinical management of common acute and chronic painful conditions in women, using up-to-date evidence-based information. The painful conditions discussed include those that are specific to female anatomy and physiology and conditions that have a higher female prevalence.

An Introduction to Pain and its relation to Nervous System Disorders

An Introduction to Pain and its relation to Nervous System Disorders

Author: Anna A. Battaglia

Publisher: John Wiley & Sons

ISBN: 9781118455975

Category: Science

Page: 453

View: 667

Introduction to Pain and its relation to Nervous System Disorders provides an accessible overview of the latest developments in the science underpinning pain research, including, but not limited to, the physiological, pathological and psychological aspects. This unique book fills a gap in current literature by focussing on the intricate relationship between pain and human nervous system disorders such as Autism, Alzheimer Disease, Parkinson’s Disease, Depression and Multiple Sclerosis. This fully illustrated, colour handbook will help non-experts, including advanced undergraduate and new postgraduate students, become familiar with the current, wide-ranging areas of research that cover every aspect of the field from chronic and inflammatory pain to neuropathic pain and biopsychosocial models of pain, functional imaging and genetics. Contributions from leading experts in neuroscience and psychiatry provide both factual information and critical points of view on their approach and the theoretical framework behind their choices. An appreciation of the strengths and weaknesses of brain imaging technology applied to pain research in humans provides the tools required to understand current cutting edge literature on the topic. Chapters covering placebo effects in analgesia and the psychology of pain give a thorough overview of cognitive, psychological and social influences on pain perception. Sections exploring pain in the lifecycle and in relation to nervous system disorders take particular relevance from a clinical point of view. Furthermore, an intellectually stimulating chapter analysing the co-morbidity of pain and depression provides a philosophical angle rarely presented in related handbooks. The references to external research databases and relevant websites aim to prompt readers to become critical and independent thinkers, and motivate them to carry out further reading on these topics. Introduction to Pain and its relation to Nervous System Disorders is essential reading for advanced undergraduate and postgraduate students in neuroscience, medical and biomedical sciences, as well as for clinical and medical healthcare professionals involved in pain management.

Manipulation Under Anesthesia

Manipulation Under Anesthesia

Author: Robert C. Gordon

Publisher: CRC Press

ISBN: 9781135500658

Category: Medical

Page: 320

View: 890

Spinal manipulation under anesthesia (MUA) is a procedure intended for patients who suffer from musculoskeletal disorders in conjunction with biomechanical dysfunction. Performed using monitored anesthesia care, this technique is overcoming its controversial image and receiving regular use by a great number of practitioners. Manipulation Un

Spinal Interventions in Pain Management

Spinal Interventions in Pain Management

Author: Karen Simpson

Publisher: OUP Oxford

ISBN: 9780191629631

Category: Medical

Page: 288

View: 759

Concentrating on techniques rather than pain pathology, Spinal Interventions in Pain Management is focused purely on the spine. This practical handbook covers anatomy and imaging, how to choose patients, how to undertake procedures, and includes advice on potential pitfalls. Perfect reading for pain interventionalists and trainees before doing a procedure or before an exam, the book covers the most common spinal interventions for pain that pain specialists undertake, including epidurals, diagnostic facet interventions, the intra-articular injection of the sacroiliac joint and radiofrequency denervation, cervical, thoracic and lumbar discography, and neuromodulation (spinal cord stimulation and intrathecal drug delivery). Extensive illustrations, both x-rays and figures, make the book accessible and help to provide a clear understanding of the anatomy, which underpins spinal interventions.

Pain Management

Pain Management

Author: Richard S. Weiner

Publisher: CRC Press

ISBN: 9781420093193

Category: Health & Fitness

Page: 1172

View: 702

This authoritative reference, the Sixth Edition of an internationally acclaimed bestseller, offers the most up-to-date information available on multidisciplinary pain diagnosis, treatment, and management. Pain Management: A Practical Guide for Clinicians is a compilation of literature written by members of The American Academy of Pain Management, the largest multidisciplinary society of pain management professionals in North America and the largest physician-based pain society in the United States. This unique reference covers both traditional and alternative approaches and discusses the pain of children as well as adult and geriatric patients. It includes approximately 60 new chapters and each chapter is written to allow the reader to read independently topics of interest and thus may be viewed as a self-contained study module. The collection of chapters allows an authoritative self-study on many of the pressing issues faced by pain practitioners. Regardless of your specialty or medical training or whether you are in a large hospital or a small clinic, if you work with patients in need of pain management, this complete reference is for you.

Bell's Orofacial Pains

Bell's Orofacial Pains

Author: Jeffrey P. Okeson

Publisher: Quintessence Publishing (IL)

ISBN: UOM:39015026917743

Category: Medical

Page: 500

View: 443

The first section of the text presents the normal neuroanatomy and function of the trigeminal system, providing the clinician with a basis upon which to understand and manage dysfunction. The second section presents a classification of orofacial pain disorders and outlines the diagnostic approaches for differentiating these disorders. The third section presents management considerations. Numerous case studies illustrate and support concepts throughout the text.

Neuromodulation

Neuromodulation

Author:

Publisher: Academic Press

ISBN: 0080921396

Category: Medical

Page: 1088

View: 680

Neuromodulation will be the first comprehensive and in-depth reference textbook covering all aspects of the rapidly growing field of neuromodulation. This book provides a complete discussion of the fundamental principles of neuromodulation and therapies applied to the brain, spinal cord, peripheral nerves, autonomic nerves and various organs. The textbook is highly structured and organized into overarching sections that cover chronic pain, movement disorders, psychiatric disorders, epilepsy, functional electrical stimulation, cardiac, gastrointestinal, genitourinary and organ neuromodulation. The fundamental principles of electricity and infusion, neural tissue interface, biomedical engineering, neuromodulation devices, basic science, neuroanatomy, neurophysiology, imaging and mechanisms are emphasized. In addition to providing details pertaining to the state-of-the-art current practice, innovative and emerging applications are discussed in specific chapters. Finally, the textbook provides specific chapters focusing on the technical aspects of the various neuromodulation procedures as well as technical specifications of various implantable devices. All of the contributors to Neuromodulation represent leading experts in the field. The editors are internationally renowned in their respective fields of neuromodulation, pain management, functional neurosurgery and biomedical engineering. Neuromodulation will be the first and foremost authoritative text on neuromodulation therapies and will establish the gold standard that defines the field for years to come. Key Features The first comprehensive reference on the emerging field of Neuromodulation Editors and authors include all leading figures in the field, and the leaders of the International Neuromodulation Society Over 90 chapters on topics ranging from a layout of the fundamentals (e.g. neuroanatomy, plasticity, bioelectrical effects, infusion therapies), solutions for the biomedical engineering challenges (e.g. materials, how to preserve normal function etc.), to a rundown of the existing applications and their future promise Over 1200 pages in splendid full color, richly illustrated Important areas of application include: control of chronic pain delivery of drugs to the nervous system via implanted devices control of epilepsy, Parkinson, etc. functional restoration, e.g. visual, auditory, restoration after stroke, restoration of motor function after traumatic events stimulation of body organs via neural devices (incl. the heart, abdominal organs, genitourinary organs) overview over newly emerging fields - control of obesity, blood pressure, tinnitus, brain injury, neurodegenerative diseases, brain-machine interfaces