This completely revised edition incorporates over a 1000 new terms that have come into usage since the first edition was published in 1987. In addition, the definitions of many of the original terms have been revised and many new usages added. The dictionary includes as many terms as possible from other related disciplines - including psychiatry, artificial intelligence, linguistics, statistics, neurology, neurophysiology, brain chemistry, genetics etc.
A dictionary which aims to cover all the technical terms that a psychologist is likely to encounter, including terms from neurophysiology, neuroanatomy, neurobiology, neurochemistry, ethology, sociobiology, linguistics, artificial intelligence, sociology, anthropology, statistics and philosophy.
Including more than 11,000 definitions, this authoritative and up-to-date dictionary covers all branches of psychology. Clear, concise descriptions for each entry offer extensive coverage of key areas including cognition, sensation and perception, emotion and motivation, learning and skills, language, mental disorder, and research methods. The range of entries extends to related disciplines including psychoanalysis, psychiatry, the neurosciences, and statistics. Entries are extensively cross-referenced for ease of use, and cover word origins and derivations as well as definitions. More than 100 illustrations complement the text. This fourth edition has incorporated a large number of significant revisions and additions, many in response to the 2013 publication of the American Psychiatric Association's latest edition of Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders, bringing the Dictionary fully up to date with the most recent literature of the subject. In addition to the alphabetical entries, the dictionary also includes appendices covering over 800 commonly used abbreviations and symbols, as well as a list of phobias and phobic stimuli, with definitions. Comprehensive and clearly written, this dictionary is an invaluable work of reference for students, lecturers, and the general reader with an interest in psychology.
Patterns of Creativity reflects on the implications of recent neuro-science findings, evolutionary theory and linguistics for ideas about creativity and the practice of creativity.Kevin Brophy approaches questions of art and creation from-the-inside, that is as a poet himself. The conclusions about what it might mean to be a creative writer are counter-intuitive. What might it mean to understand the production of art as an evolutionary process with no endpoint and no goal? If consciousness is a minor player in decision-making and problem-solving as recent neuro-science findings suggest, how best might an artist manage conscious intentions while seeking to make original art?Brophy argues that consciousness must be managed in new ways if creativity is to be sourced, that much of what we learn in education is learned without consciousness being involved, that a writer must read with a particular agenda, that writing is itself a particular kind of communication beyond speech, requiring specific skills. He argues that the metaphor is not merely a poetic device but is central to the way human thought proceeds and the way communication happens. It is the strange and surprising view-from-within informed by those views science offers to art that preoccupy these investigations.
""The problem with the first year was I didn't know what I didn't know, and even when I thought there was something I was supposed to know I didn't know what to do about it."" This quote from a perplexed undergraduate student illustrates the plight of many first-years who feel overwhelmed by the demands made on them at university, combined with the expectation of lecturers and tutors that they will already know how to study independently. 'Study Skills for Psychology Students' is a light-hearted yet comprehensive guide to studying psychology at university. Covering topics such as using the library and other resources, making effective notes in lectures and successful revision skills, the authors provide a practical guide to help the new student get the most out of their psychology course. Finally, in addition to the generic information needed by all students embarking on a degree course, 'Study Skills for Psychology Students' includes psychology specific material on Ethics, Professional Data Acquisition and Interviewing Skills.
The 21st century is marked by the intensive movement of people across international borders. While languages are used as a means of interaction across the globe, the nuances of communication vary from culture to culture. This book explores how the misperception of cultural values and norms may result in misapprehension and communication breakdowns in various settings.
Some people save and others with similar incomes and wealth do not. Why? Whilst psychology has devoted little attention to the forward looking dimension of human behavior, it contributes theories and techniques for studying the cognitive, motivational, and social factors that affect saving. The book examines the assumption that man is forward looking and desires to provide for the future. It summarizes theories and behavioral research in the area of saving and explores the psychological insights and findings of economists and interprets them in terms of modern psychology. The Psychology of Saving will be welcomed as a major contribution to economic psychology which brings together research and analysis, developing our understanding about rationality, expectations, and consumer behavior.
Now in its third edition, this essential guide to basic reference sources in the social sciences provides evaluative entries for approximately 1,600 works in anthropology, business, economics, education, geography, history, law, political science, psychology, and sociology. The first part of the book includes chapters on general sources, while the second contains chapters on reference works in particular disciplines. Most titles published before 1980, which appear in the second edition, have been dropped, while a large number of electronic sources, including more than 200 web sites, have been added. In recognition of the proliferation of electronic information resources, the volume provides brief descriptions of the features and search methods of several online vendors.
A quantifiable framework for unlocking the unconscious forcesthat shape markets There has long been a notion that subliminal forces play a greatpart in causing the seemingly irrational financial bubbles, whichconventional economic theory, again and again, fails to explain.However, these forces, sometimes labeled ‘animalspirits’ or ‘irrational exuberance, have remainedelusive - until now. The Mystery of Market Movementsprovides you with a methodology to timely predict and profit fromchanges in human investment behaviour based on the workings of thecollective unconscious. Niklas Hageback draws in on one of psychology's most influentialideas - archetypes - to explain how they form investor’sperceptions and can be predicted and turned into profit. TheMystery of Market Movements provides; A review of the collective unconscious and its archetypes basedon Carl Jung’s theories and empirical case studies thathighlights and assesses the influences of the collectiveunconscious on financial bubbles and zeitgeists For the first time being able to objectively measure the impactof archetypal forces on human thoughts and behaviour with a view toprovide early warning signals on major turns in the markets. Thisis done through a step-by-step guide on how to develop ameasurement methodology based on an analysis of the language of theunconscious; figurative speech such as metaphors and symbolism,drawn out and deciphered from Big Data sources, allowingfor quantification into time series The book is supplemented with an online resource that presentscontinuously updated bespoken archetypal indexes with predictivecapabilities to major financial indexes Investors are often unaware of the real reasons behindtheir own financial decisions. This book explains why psychologicaldrivers in the collective unconscious dictates not only investmentbehaviour but also political, cultural and social trends.Understanding these forces allows you to stay ahead of the curveand profit from market tendencies that more traditional methodscompletely overlook.