The Oxford Handbook of Gender, War, and the Western World since 1600

The Oxford Handbook of Gender, War, and the Western World since 1600

Author: Karen Hagemann

Publisher: Oxford University Press

ISBN: 9780197513125

Category: Social Science

Page: 640

View: 733

To date, the history of military and war has focused predominantly on men as historical agents, disregarding gender and its complex interrelationships with war and the military. The Oxford Handbook of Gender, War, and the Western World since 1600 investigates how conceptions of gender have contributed to the shaping of war and the military and were transformed by them. Covering the major periods in warfare since the seventeenth century, the Handbook focuses on Europe and the long-term processes of colonization and empire-building in the Americas, Asia, Africa and Australia. Thirty-two essays written by leading international scholars exploreÂthe cultural representations of war and the military, war mobilization, and war experiences at home and on the battle front. Essays address the gendered aftermath and memories of war, as well as gendered war violence. Essays also examineÂmovements to regulate and prevent warfare, the consequences of participation in the military for citizenship, and challenges to ideals of Western military masculinity posed by female, gay, and lesbian soldiers and colonial soldiers of color. The Oxford Handbook of Gender, War, and the Western World since 1600 offers an authoritative account of the intricate relationships between gender, warfare, and military culture across time and space.

The Oxford Handbook of Gender, War, and the Western World since 1600

The Oxford Handbook of Gender, War, and the Western World since 1600

Author: Karen Hagemann

Publisher: Oxford University Press

ISBN: 9780199948727

Category: Social Science

Page: 640

View: 661

To date, the history of military and war has focused predominantly on men as historical agents, disregarding gender and its complex interrelationships with war and the military. The Oxford Handbook of Gender, War, and the Western World since 1600 investigates how conceptions of gender have contributed to the shaping of war and the military and were transformed by them. Covering the major periods in warfare since the seventeenth century, the Handbook focuses on Europe and the long-term processes of colonization and empire-building in the Americas, Asia, Africa and Australia. Thirty-two essays written by leading international scholars explore the cultural representations of war and the military, war mobilization, and war experiences at home and on the battle front. Essays address the gendered aftermath and memories of war, as well as gendered war violence. Essays also examine movements to regulate and prevent warfare, the consequences of participation in the military for citizenship, and challenges to ideals of Western military masculinity posed by female, gay, and lesbian soldiers and colonial soldiers of color. The Oxford Handbook of Gender, War, and the Western World since 1600 offers an authoritative account of the intricate relationships between gender, warfare, and military culture across time and space.

Gender in Development

Gender in Development

Author: Giedrė Purvaneckienė

Publisher:

ISBN: STANFORD:36105110921819

Category: Women

Page: 54

View: 691

VN-handleiding voor een goed emancipatiebeleid voor de regio Centraal en Oost Europa en de Baltische staten, aan de hand van de uitkomsten van het UNDP-ontwikkelingsbeleid en de wereldvrouwenconferentie in Beijing.

Civilization Without Sexes

Civilization Without Sexes

Author: Mary Louise Roberts

Publisher: University of Chicago Press

ISBN: 0226721213

Category: History

Page: 337

View: 165

After World War I, newly blurred boundaries between male and female created fears among the French that theirs was becoming a civilization without sexes. This book examines how, through public debates concerning female identity, French society came to grips with the horrors of the Great War.

The Balkans Since the Second World War

The Balkans Since the Second World War

Author: R. J. Crampton

Publisher: Routledge

ISBN: UOM:39015056219283

Category: History

Page: 374

View: 191

This book presents the only comprehensive survey of the history of the region since 1945. It deals with the communist states of Albania, Bulgaria, Romania and Yugoslavia, but also has coverage of Greece. As an introduction to a complicated area and a complicated history it provides students with a definitive guide to the region.

The Politics of Presence

The Politics of Presence

Author: Anne Phillips

Publisher: Clarendon Press

ISBN: 9780198279426

Category: Philosophy

Page: 209

View: 270

Provides a ground-breaking contribution to the widespread and controversial debate about how disadvantaged groups should be represented in politics. - ;One of the most hotly-debated debates in contemporary democracy revolves around issues of political presence, and whether the fair representation of disadvantage groups requires their presence in elected assemblies. Representation as currently understood derives its legitimacy from a politics of ideas, which considers accountability in relation to declared policies and programmes, and makes it a matter of relative indifference who articulates political preferences or beliefs. What happens to the meaning of representation and accountability when we make the gender or ethnic composition of elected assemblies an additional area of concern? In this innovative contribution to the theory of representation - which draws on debates about gender quotas in Europe, minority voting rights in the USA, and the multi-layered politics of inclusion in Canada - Anne Phillips argues that the politics of ideas is an inadequate vehicle for dealing with political exclusion. But eschewing any essentialist grounding the group identity or group interest, she also argues against any either/or choice between ideas and political presence. The politics of presence then combines with contemporary explorations of deliberative democracy to establish a different balance between accountability and autonomy. -

Introducing Contemporary Feminist Thought

Introducing Contemporary Feminist Thought

Author: Mary Evans

Publisher: Polity

ISBN: 0745614752

Category: Social Science

Page: 176

View: 577

This introductory textbook offers a concise and lucid account of the main developments in contemporary feminist thinking, and demonstrates the centrality of feminist thought to all areas of intellectual enquiry. In a wide-ranging discussion, Evans argues that most accounts of the world since the Enlightenment have been constructed in terms of a distinction between the public and the private which excluded women. Using both historical and more recent examples, she examines the breadth and complexity of feminist thinking, focusing on key themes such as the body, representation, engendering knowledge, and the relationship between women and the state. Evans argues that feminist thought seeks less to add to existing theory than to re-theorize the social and symbolic worlds; no contemporary account of these worlds, she suggests, is complete without a discussion of the implications of gender difference. This book offers a clear and coherent guide to contemporary feminism for students of women's studies, gender studies, sociology, social theory and literary theory.

Growing Up in England

Growing Up in England

Author: Anthony Fletcher

Publisher:

ISBN: UOM:39015076160210

Category: History

Page: 434

View: 398

This book presents an entirely fresh view of the upbringing of English children in upper and professional class families over three centuries. Drawing on direct testimony from contemporary diaries and letters, the book revises previous understandings of parenting and what it was like to grow up in the period between 1600 and 1914. Using advice literature which set out developing ideologies of childhood, gender and parenting, the book explores the separate but complementary roles of mothers and fathers in raising their children. Male upbringing is discussed in terms of schooling, female through the moral and social context of a domestic schoolroom dominated by a governess. Boys were trained for the world, girls for society and marriage. Rare teenage diaries surviving from the Georgian and Victorian periods show teenagers speaking for themselves about education; relationships with parents, siblings and friends; and their social, class and gender identity.

The Oxford Handbook of Film and Media Studies

The Oxford Handbook of Film and Media Studies

Author: Robert Kolker

Publisher: Oxford University Press

ISBN: UOM:39015079261148

Category: Performing Arts

Page: 628

View: 756

This handbook examines film and new media in the light of their convergence. It draws on leading scholars in the field to discuss traditional areas of history and theory of film and digital media. Its focus, however, is on the cycle of technologically driven arts. Film was born of a number ofexperiments in reproducing motion, all of which culminated in the nineteenth-century projection of short films. The creation of digital media resulted from experiments in alternative forms of representation in the early 1960s. John Whitney began creating avant-garde films from digital graphicsaround 1960 (and some of his ideas and methods were incorporated by Stanley Kubrick in 2001: A Space Odyssey). By the early 1990s, commercial filmmakers began to employ digital effects in their work. By the late nineties, digital arts had come fully into their own, both in the form of stand-alone orinteractive artworks and films created with and for the computer. At the same time, digital effects had completely overtaken optical printing and matte painting in film. From special effects to creating "realistic" backgrounds and crowds, the digital is infiltrating all aspects of filmmaking. Theinfiltration is about to become a takeover, as celluloid is replaced by high definition digital recording and projection processes. Many aspects of film will change as this latest convergence takes place. Already, cultural response to film has changed as viewers begin to teach themselves about filmthrough supplementary material on DVDs and to make their own films on home computers. But this handbook is not a technical history or manual. Quite the contrary, it is a scholarly work discussing the aesthetics, economics, and cultural results of these changes and convergences. The book balancestraditional scholarship and analysis with essays addressing technological change and the concurrent changes in cultural responses to these changes, responses already acknowledged by the profession.

History Matters

History Matters

Author: Judith M. Bennett

Publisher: University of Pennsylvania Press

ISBN: 0812239466

Category: History

Page: 244

View: 889

Written for everyone interested in women's and gender history, History Matters reaffirms the importance to feminist theory and activism of long-term historical perspectives. Judith M. Bennett, who has been commenting on developments in women's and gender history since the 1980s, argues that the achievement of a more feminist future relies on a rich, plausible, and well-informed knowledge of the past, and she asks her readers to consider what sorts of feminist history can best advance the struggles of the twenty-first century. Bennett takes as her central problem the growing chasm between feminism and history. Closely allied in the 1970s, each has now moved away from the other. Seeking to narrow this gap, Bennett proposes that feminist historians turn their attention to the intellectual challenges posed by the persistence of patriarchy. She posits a "patriarchal equilibrium" whereby, despite many changes in women's experiences over past centuries, women's status vis-à-vis that of men has remained remarkably unchanged. Although, for example, women today find employment in occupations unimaginable to medieval women, medieval and modern women have both encountered the same wage gap, earning on average only three-fourths of the wages earned by men. Bennett argues that the theoretical challenge posed by this patriarchal equilibrium will be best met by long-term historical perspectives that reach back well before the modern era. In chapters focused on women's work and lesbian sexuality, Bennett demonstrates the contemporary relevance of the distant past to feminist theory and politics. She concludes with a chapter that adds a new twist—the challenges of textbooks and classrooms—to viewing women's history from a distance and with feminist intent. A new manifesto, History Matters engages forthrightly with the challenges faced by feminist historians today. It argues for the radical potential of a history that is focused on feminist issues, aware of the distant past, attentive to continuities over time, and alert to the workings of patriarchal power.

The Western Abenakis of Vermont, 1600-1800

The Western Abenakis of Vermont, 1600-1800

Author: Colin Gordon Calloway

Publisher: Norman : University of Oklahoma Press

ISBN: 0806122749

Category: History

Page: 346

View: 414

Calloway (history, Wyoming) draws on an impressive array of letters, journals, government documents, and other primary sources to recount how an Algonquian tribe on the periphery of the Iroquois Confederacy survived the first two centuries of white settlement. Annotation copyright Book News, Inc. Po

Naval Blockades in Peace and War

Naval Blockades in Peace and War

Author: Lance E. Davis

Publisher: Cambridge University Press

ISBN: 9780521857499

Category: Business & Economics

Page: 453

View: 279

A number of major blockades, including the Continental System in the Napoleonic Wars, the War of 1812, the American Civil War, and World Wars I and II, in addition to the increased use of peacetime blockades and sanctions with the hope of avoiding war, are examined in this book. The impact of new technology and organizational changes on the nature of blockades and their effectiveness as military measures are discussed. Legal, economic, and political questions are explored to understand the various constraints upon belligerent behavior. The analysis draw upon the extensive amount of quantitative material available from military publications.