This book presents modern vector analysis and carefully describes the classical notation and understanding of the theory. It covers all of the classical vector analysis in Euclidean space, as well as on manifolds, and goes on to introduce de Rham Cohomology, Hodge theory, elementary differential geometry, and basic duality. The material is accessible to readers and students with only calculus and linear algebra as prerequisites. A large number of illustrations, exercises, and tests with answers make this book an invaluable self-study source.
This second edition has been completely restructured, resulting in a compelling description of vector analysis from its first appearance as a byproduct of Hamiltons quaternions to the use of vectors in solving geometric problems. The result provides readers from different backgrounds with a complete introduction to vector analysis. The author shows why vectors are so useful and how it is possible to develop analytical skills in manipulating vector algebra. Using over 150 full-colour illustrations, the author demonstrates in worked examples how this relatively young branch of mathematics has become a powerful and central tool in describing and solving a wide range of geometric problems. These may be in the form of lines, surfaces and volumes, which may touch, collide, intersect, or create shadows upon complex surfaces. The book is divided into eleven chapters covering the history of vector analysis, linear equations, vector algebra, vector products, differentiating vector-valued functions, vector differential operators, tangent and normal vectors, straight lines, planes, intersections and rotating vectors. The new chapters are about the history, differentiating vector-valued functions, differential operators and tangent and normal vectors. The original chapters have been reworked and illustrated.
The principal changes that I have made in preparing this revised edition of the book are the following. (i) Carefuily selected worked and unworked examples have been added to six of the chapters. These examples have been taken from class and degree examination papers set in this University and I am grateful to the University Court for permission to use them. (ii) Some additional matter on the geometrieaI application of veetors has been incorporated in Chapter 1. (iii) Chapters 4 and 5 have been combined into one chapter, some material has been rearranged and some further material added. (iv) The chapter on int~gral theorems, now Chapter 5, has been expanded to include an altemative proof of Gauss's theorem, a treatmeot of Green's theorem and a more extended discussioo of the classification of vector fields. (v) The only major change made in what are now Chapters 6 and 7 is the deletioo of the discussion of the DOW obsolete pot funetioo. (vi) A small part of Chapter 8 on Maxwell's equations has been rewritten to give a fuller account of the use of scalar and veetor potentials in eleetromagnetic theory, and the units emploYed have been changed to the m.k.s. system.
Assuming only a knowledge of basic calculus, this textpresents an elementary and gradual development of tensortheory. From this treatment, the traditional material ofcourses on vector analysis is deduced as a particular case. Inaddition, the book forms an introduction to metric differentialgeometry.Reprint of The Ronald Press Company, New York, 1962 edition.
Vector Analysis and Cartesian Tensors, Second Edition focuses on the processes, methodologies, and approaches involved in vector analysis and Cartesian tensors, including volume integrals, coordinates, curves, and vector functions. The publication first elaborates on rectangular Cartesian coordinates and rotation of axes, scalar and vector algebra, and differential geometry of curves. Discussions focus on differentiation rules, vector functions and their geometrical representation, scalar and vector products, multiplication of a vector by a scalar, and angles between lines through the origin. The text then elaborates on scalar and vector fields and line, surface, and volume integrals, including surface, volume, and repeated integrals, general orthogonal curvilinear coordinates, and vector components in orthogonal curvilinear coordinates. The manuscript ponders on representation theorems for isotropic tensor functions, Cartesian tensors, applications in potential theory, and integral theorems. Topics include geometrical and physical significance of divergence and curl, Poisson's equation in vector form, isotropic scalar functions of symmetrical second order tensors, and diagonalization of second-order symmetrical tensors. The publication is a valuable reference for mathematicians and researchers interested in vector analysis and Cartesian tensors.
This is a comprehensive and self-contained text suitable for use by undergraduate mathematics, science and engineering students. Vectors are introduced in terms of cartesian components, making the concepts of gradient, divergent and curl particularly simple. The text is supported by copious examples and progress can be checked by completing the many problems at the end of each section. Answers are provided at the back of the book.